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No. 30,598 

* * 


Established 1887 

U.S. Poses 2 Tests for Soviet Relations 

Moscow’s Responses to Initiatives on Afghanistan, Cambodia Called Key 

latinos, ad- 

."'.r ' By Bernard Gweresman ' 

. New York Tima Service . V., ' ;; 

• 7- ' - v WASHINGTON—The Reagan 1 actirrin- 
\\ : t. istration has decided ta inform the Soviet 

‘ ■ s Union that it would regard its responses to 
- " ■? international proposals for reserving the 
. L Afghanistan and Cambodian problems as 
‘‘ •'^•a tesr of future East-West rdatit 
’• ministration officials said. 

Secretary of State Atatandeir M. Haig 
.Jr. met late Thursday with Ambassador 
■ ‘C ■ Anatoli F. Dobrynin ofthe Soviet Union. 
Dean Fischer, the- State Department 
•" -]: }■ spokesman, .declined'-to’ say what they 
talked about; built was understood earlier 
.. that Mr. Haig.Was prepared to tell Mr. 

• Dobrynin that a constructive Soviet reac- 
V tion on Afghanistan mid Cambodia could 

®* ' help improve the strained relations be- 
tween the two countries. 

■ . It was impossible; however, to confirm 
after the session that Mr. Haighad in fact 
- _ ■* conveyed that position to Mr. Dobryniii at 
~ - V; their meeting- ... 

' - Mr. Haig, in a statement issued Tues- 

' ' day. said that “these, two issues are at the 
; r very heart of the-increase in international 

- - tension in recent years." 

' ; .. Haig to Meet Gromyko 

, _ _ Officials said that when Mr. Haig meets 
• ' i-Twith Foreign Minister Andrei A. Gro- 
' ■ myko of the Soviet Union in the fall dur- 
■ • ing the UN General Assembly meeting in 
• New York, the Afghanistan and Cambodi- 

- ■ an problems would be major agenda items 

- v along with the previously disclosed inten¬ 

tion of beginning talks on reduction of 
medium-range missiles in Europe. 

The emphasis on those two regional is- 
.sues, officials said, stemmed from the ad¬ 
ministration's conviction that they are the 
major sources of tension in the world and 
require utmost Soviet cooperation to be 
cKOived. The Soviet Union has about 
85,000 . 

other states in tbe 


The Cambodian problem has been 


caused by the Soviet-backed invasion of 
Cambodia in 1978 by Vietnam that led to 
the overthrow of the Pol Pot regime and 
the placing in power of the Heng Semrin 
government backed by Vietnam and the 
Soviet Union. 

The United Nations is to open a confer¬ 
ence in New York on July 13 seeking to 
resolve the Cambodian situation, but the 
Soviet Union. Vietnam and their allies 
have announced that they would not at¬ 

Mr. Haig, who will lead the U.S. delega¬ 
tion to the two-day meeting, has backed 
the three-part plan of the Association of 
Southeast Asian Nations for withdrawal 
of the 200,000 Vietnamese troops from 
Cambodia, the establishment of a UN 
and internationally 

peacekeeping force, 
supervised elections. 

Earlier this week, the European Eco¬ 
nomic Community announced a plan for 
dealing with the Afghanistan problem, 
calling initially for an international con¬ 
ference of the five permanent Security 
Council members, along wiLh Pakistan, In¬ 
dia and Iran, to discuss guarantees for an 
independent, nonaligned Afghanistan. 

Lord Carrington, the British foreign sec¬ 
retary, representing the EEC, is to discuss 
the Afghanistan plan with Soviet leaders 
next week. 

Mr. Haig, in his statement Tuesday, re¬ 
ferring to the forthcoming UN conference 
on Cambodia and to the EEC proposal on 
Afghanistan, said: “I wish to underline the 
profound importance and promise of two 
new diplomatic initiatives.'' 

“Let there be no doubt about where we 
stand." he said. “The Afghan and Kampu¬ 
chean [Cambodian] people must control 
their own destiny. The purpose of negotia¬ 
tion is not to impose a solution from out¬ 
side as the Vietnamese and Soviets have 
attempted to do by force of arms. Rather, 
we seek to achieve the full withdrawal of 
Soviet and Vietnamese forces to eliminate 
outside intervention and to restore the no¬ 
naligned and neutral status of these two 

Mr. Haig went on: “This serves the gen¬ 
uine security interests of all parties, in¬ 
cluding the Soviet Union and Vietnam, 
and it is the only way to assure the long- 
range stability of these troubled regions." 

Officials said the current focus on Cam¬ 
bodia and Afghanistan did not mean that 

the administration was any less concerned 
about such issues as Poland or EJ Salva¬ 
dor. problems that have drawn consider¬ 
able attention since the start of the year. 

The officials said Moscow is fully aware 
that if Soviet forces should intervene in 
Poland, that would put a freeze on East- 
West relations and probably rule out any 
future negotiations on any subject. 

Policy Study 

The administration is in the final stages 
of an overall policy study on East-West 
relations. Officials said the Afghanistan 
and Cambodia questions will be highlight¬ 
ed in a future speech on East-West rela¬ 
tions that Mr. Haig is expected to deliver. 

A foreshadowing of the administration's 
thinking was included in a speech deliv¬ 
ered by Lawrence S. Eagleburger, assistant 
secretary of state for European affairs, at 
Chatham House in London on June 15. 

Mr. Eagleburger said that “arms control 
cannot be the only, or even the principal, 
element in our relationship at a lime when 
Soviet conduct in the Third World is be¬ 
coming an ever greater threat testability 
and peace." 

He said the United States “w’ants a 
more serious dialogue, one aimed at 
achieving concrete results." 

“We believe there should be a major ef¬ 
fort to resolve the specific problems which 
have created current international ten¬ 
sions — problems which continue to 
threaten international stability and 
peace." he said. 

Gromyko Told 
Poland’s Party 
Still in Control 

Alexander M. Haig Jr. 

Lord Carrington 


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Rugby Protest 
In New Zealand 

A crowd-estimated at 
30,000 turned out in Auck¬ 
land. New Zealand, to pro¬ 
test the upcoming visit fey 
South Africa's national 
mgby team. The tour,, 
which has been causing 
political niraioii in New 
Zealand few morethag a 
year, is to start in three 

Pivotal Religious Party’s Leader 
Asks 'Unity’ Israeli Government 

Reagan Aims at Basic Reversal 
Of Role of Government in U.S. 


By Howell Raines 

New York Times Service 

_- WASHINGTON — At a time 

.^vhen public attention has been 
J^b'ttveied on President Reagan’s tax 
■ ■ ■, • “and budget plans, his adnunistTa- 
•1 ^ ion has quietly set out to accon> 

--palish a sweeping reversal of policy 
3 ; ■ ind practice in the way the govem- 
,~nem deals with business and indi- 
; c-^.y ridual citizens. 

This reversal would consist 

- •‘iiainly of lifting restrictions on 
. susiness while playing down the 
*_»!* sovemmern’s role as a protector of 

‘rirorkere. consumers and minori- 

^ It also involves an effort by the 
_ ; .* v tdministration to review arid, in 

-nany cases, to modify the network 
: .;bf laws and reforms pul into place 
is a result of the Watergate scan- 
-' iak, the civil rights movement of 
he 1960s and the environmental 
, uovemea t of the 1970s. 


“The common thread is one of 
’ r-5 1 ' «ss regulation on business emer- 
..Viiises." said E. Pendleton James, 

’ die White House personnel direc- 
’or. “We are following President 
1 ■• Reagan’s policies and that is why 
/y he people we are appointing are 
o different from Jimmy Carter’s 
ippoiniees. It’s a whole new ball 

Unfavorable Attention 

;v •’ Mr. Reagan's appointments, un- 
! .ike the other aspects of his policy 
. hifi, have captured a good deal of 

- ittention, much of it unfavorable. 
' ■ or example, environmentalists 

ave criticized the secretaiy of in-, 
erior, James G. Watt, who they 
^on tend is more interested in de- 
jyieloping federal lands than in con- 
. ervingthem. 

j ' But senior White House officials 
. efend such appeantments and the 
/ Mending policy changes as simply 
■-y'ie opposite side of the Carter atf- 
nistration’s appointments of en- 
ironmentalists, consumer activists 
.- nd civil rights figures to positions 
.1 which they could convert their 
,.j ersonal feelings into 

drive to remove Mr. Watt from 
office has only stiffened Mr. 
Reagan's devotion to the political 
motive behind such appointments. 
“It reflects the belief that an elec¬ 
tion occurred in November, and 
tbe president was elected with a 
dear promise that he would ap¬ 
point people in the regulatory and 
environmental areas that favor less 
regulation. He believes he had a 
mandate to appoint people like 

In fact, Mr. Reagan repeatedly 
promised in his presidential cam¬ 
paign to find appointees who were 
less adversarial in their attitudes 
toward business. His staff suggests 
that some of the reaction to the ap¬ 
pointments may stem from 
surprise at a president's keeping 
his campaign promises so thor¬ 

But interviews with officials and 
critics of the administration show 
that this pattern of appointments 
is only part of an expansion of Mr. 
Reagan's mandate that has worked 
in these ways: 

• In appointments, regulatory 
jobs important to business were 
filled months ago, while key posi¬ 
tions in agencies aimed at guaran¬ 
teeing the rights of minorities, con¬ 
sumers. workers and union mem¬ 
bers have been filled only in the 
last few weeks or remain vacant. 

• In regulatory agencies, most 
appointees are former employees 
or financial beneficiaries of the 
concerns whose activities they are 
supposed to police. But appointees 

U.K. Gang Takes 
Million in Gems 

The Associated Press 

LONDON — Masked thieves in¬ 
vaded the Cartier’s jewelry store in 
London after hours Thursday 
night, sprayed ammonia in the 
faces of two security guards and 
got away with as much as $1.88 
mill ion worth of jewels, Scotland 

Yard,§aid Friday. 

to government 
".policy. “It’s not unlike putting 
ri^’arol Foreman in the consumer 
fiT'. P’Tfairs division at the Agriculture hibition,(police said. 

department," said one of Mr. “They;escaped and we are still 

^ Reagan's key advisers, naming a trying to'- establish how they got 
'arter appointee criticized by Mr. 

.eagan for putting shoppers' in- 
^.■sts ahead of those of farmers 1 . 
y any case, another White 
adviser added, a petition 

to agencies that guard individual 
rights often have records of little 
or no experience, philosophical 
neutrality or proven opposition to 
the missions of the agencies they 

• Stewardship of natural re¬ 
sources on federal lands has been 
turned over to former employees 
of mining, timber and oil compa¬ 
nies, while environmental-quality 
jobs have gone to advocates or in¬ 
creased use of coal and nuclear 
power and of lower water and air 
quality standards for industry. 

• The Justice Department and 
White House Personnel Office are 
preparing a package of efforts to 
abolish or weaken legislation gov¬ 
erning ethics, conflicts of interest 
and financial disclosures, the Free¬ 
dom of Information Act and the 
law authorizing special prosecutors 
to investigate criminal accusations 
against government officials. 

• An offensive is under way to 
weaken and in some cases reverse 
the antitrust and corporate bribery 
activities in the Justice Depart¬ 
ment and Securities and Exchange 
Commission, and the administra¬ 
tion attempted to wipe out the 
Federal Trade Commission's Bu¬ 
reau of Competition, which pro¬ 
tects small businesses from larger 

• Similar efforts have been 
made to abolish or change tbe po¬ 
pulist orientation of a broad range 
of individual rights agencies, in¬ 
cluding the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission, the Oc¬ 
cupational Health and Safety Ad¬ 
ministration. the Consumer Prod¬ 
ucts Safety Commission, the Na¬ 
tional Labor Relations Board and 
the Legal Services Corp. 

Debate on Gvil Rights 

In the area of civil rights, the 
proposed policy reversals, some of 
which would overturn decades of 
government practice, have caused 
debate and delay within the White 
House. The Voting Rights Act of 
1965. now under review at the 
While House and the Justice De- 

Bv William Claiborne 

Washington Post Service 

JERUSALEM — With the final 
count of civilian votes in Israel's 
election showing Prime Minister 
Menachem Begin's Likud bloc and 
the opposition Labor Party dead¬ 
locked at 48 parliamentary seats, 
the chairman of the National Re¬ 
ligious Party called Friday for an¬ 
other election in one year and. 
meanwhile, the formation of a gov¬ 
ernment of national unity. 

Interior Minister Yosef Burg, 
chairman of the pivotal National 
Religious Party, said.ihav.afier a 
cruel and vicious election, Israel 
needs a cooling off period in which 
the Likud, the Labor Party, the 
National Religious Party and the 
ultra-Orthodox Agudat Israel Par¬ 
ty would govern collectively. 

Mr. Burg said during such a year 
of collective government there 
could be political and economic 
ground acceptable to all the partic¬ 
ipating parties. On other issues, a 
majority would decide, either a 
majority of (he government or the 

When asked if Labor and Likud 
could be expected to agree on the 
question of autonomy for Pales¬ 
tinians in the West Bank and Gaza 
Strip. Mr. Buug replied in the state 
radio interview: “These negotia¬ 
tions are not easy because we can¬ 
not give up certain' things that be¬ 
long to the security oT 
Israel...[but] I believe in this also 
we can find a common ground." 

A source close to Mr. Begin said 
that the prime minister, who on 
Wednesday confidently predicted 
he would form a coalition in one 
week, is now worried. At Ihe least 
there will be coalition negotiations, 
and the price of the religious par- 
lies for joining will increase. The 
Council of Torah Sages, governing 
body of tbe Agudat israel. was said 
to have expanded its list of de¬ 
mands from Likud before it agrees 
to join a Begin government. 

These demands now reportedly 
include an amendment of the im¬ 
migration law to specify that a Jew 
is either the child of a Jewish 
mother or one who has been con¬ 
verted according to Orthodox law. 
stricter legislation on Sabbath 

work permits, a ban on all sale of 
pork — even to gentiles, large in¬ 
creases in state funding of religious 
schools plus housing for students, 
and tightened laws against abor¬ 
tion and autopsy. 

The elections commission Fri¬ 
day issued the final count of votes 
for the 120-member Knesset in 
which the Likud and Labor each 
won 48 seats. Others represented 
were National Religious Party, six: 
Agudat Yisrael. four; Commu¬ 
nists. four. Tami Party, three; 
Shinui. two; Tehiya. two. and Citi¬ 
zens Rights Movement and Moshe 
Dayan’s Telem parry, one each: 
The 120th seat will be decided by 
the military vote, yet to be an¬ 

The new tabulation, still unoffi¬ 
cial. makes it even more difficult 

for either the Likud or Labor to 
form a coalition government based 
on a 61-seat majority, since Agu¬ 
dat Israel and Labor both dropped 
one seat. 

There have only been two gov¬ 
ernments of national unity in Isra¬ 
el's 33-year history. In 1967. just 
before the brief w’ar in June, the 
late Prime Minister Levi Eshkol 
formed a unity government in 
which Mr. Begin served as minister 
without portfolio. It was disband¬ 
ed the next year. In 1968. after Mr. 
Eshkol died'. Golda Meir set up a 
unity government in which Likud 
members got portfolios, and it di T 
solved the next year. 

Elections officials said that bal¬ 
lots cast by the armed services will 
add only one seat to either the Li¬ 
kud or "Labor. Official results are 
not expected until next week. 

By Michael Dobbs 

Washington Post Service 

WARSAW — Soviet Foreign 
Minister Andrei A. Gromyko and 
Polish CommunisL Party leader 
Stanislaw Kania held their first 
round of talks on Friday in what 
was regarded as a Polish attempt 
to allay Moscow's concern about 
the pace of reform in Poland. 

The need for reform was under¬ 
lined Friday by the Sejm (parlia¬ 
ment), which approval govern¬ 
ment plans to streamline the 
cumbersome bureaucracy. Nine of 
Poland's 40-odd ministries were re¬ 
grouped into five in a move that 
could result in thousands of 

Mr. Kama's meeting with Mr. 
Gromyko was his first with any 
Soviet leader since the Polish party 
chief survived an attempt to fora: 
him out of office last month by 
hard-liners encouraged by 3 Krem¬ 
lin letter criticizing nis leadership. 

Since the Polish crisis began a 
year ago, there has been a series of 
meetings between Soviet and Pol¬ 
ish leaders. Mr. Kania has been to 
Moscow twice. Kremlin emissaries 
here have included the head of the 
Warsaw Pact military alliance, 
Marshal Viktor Kulikov, and the 
chief Soviet ideologist. Mikhail A. 

Polish officials said they wel¬ 
comed Mr. Gromyko's visit as an 
opportunity to reassure the Krem¬ 
lin that, despite tbe leadership 
changes and other reforms that are 
Likely to result from the coming 
party congress opening July 14. the 
Communist Party will remain 
firmly in power. Mr. Kania has 
emerged much strengthened politi¬ 
cally as a result of the power strug¬ 
gle, and it now seems virtually cer¬ 
tain that he will be re-elected as 
party first secretary at the con¬ 

As a professional diplomat, Mr. 
Gromyko enjoys a much more be¬ 
nign image here than either Mar¬ 
shal Kulikov or Mr. "Suslov — and 
his visit therefore is being taken as 
a positive sign. It is assumed that, 
despite its concern. Moscow is pre¬ 
pared to allow the Polish congress 
to go ahead and will await the re- 

Spanish Aide in Greece 

The Associated Press 

ATHENS — Spanish Foreign 
Minister Jose Pedro Perez-Llorca 
Friday began talks here with his 
Greek counterpart. Constantine 


U.S. Court’s Term Assessed 

The U.S. Supreme Court showed almost a mis¬ 
sion-like concern in the term that just ended with 
drastically curtailing the role of the federal judici¬ 
ary as a check on the rest of government. Page 3. 

Childrens’ Tumors Studied 

For the first time, a study in the United States has 
found a relationship between the exposure of par¬ 
ents to chemicals at work and brain tumors in 
their children. Page 9. 

China Issues Money Figures 

China issued monetary reserve figures for the first 
time since the 1949 revolution, but financial ana¬ 
lysts say that more information is needed to inter¬ 
pret the totals. Page II. 

New Film Experiment: Video 

Francis Ford Coppola, long a pioneer in tbe 
world of film, is now turning his attention to tech¬ 
nology. His next movie was shot using video tech¬ 
niques —a S23 million experiment. Page 5W. 


Focus on Puerto Rico 

A colony, a country, or something in between? 
Puerto Rico, where poverty and economic devel¬ 
opment exist side by side, has managed to cling to 
its culture and its pride despite its U.S. ties. A 
special supplement in Monday's Trib. 


Chris Evert Lloyd exults after her straight- 
sets victory over Hana MandMkova for the 
Wimbledon singles title Friday. Page 13. 

suits before deciding what to do 

The new “super-ministries" set 
up Friday are conglomerate de¬ 
partments covering such areas as 
agriculture, food, forestry and 
mining and power. The changes, 
which are part of a general attempt 
to decentralize decision-making in 
the economy, were first proposed 
by Premier Wojciecb Jaruzelski in 
a speech Lo parliament two weeks 

In an accompanying govern¬ 
ment reshuffle, eight ministers 

• Accord on rescheduling $2.7 
bilEoa in Polish debt still 
eludes U.S. bankers. Page II. 

have lost their jobs, including 
Higher Education Minister Jamisz 
Gorski who was criticized by strik¬ 
ing students earlier this year. The 
students said his high-handed 
manner and what they' called his 
ungrammatical Polish’ made him 
the butt of many university jokes. 

The new ministers include Army 
Gen. Czeslaw Piotrowski. who has 
been made responsible for coal 
mining and power. He becomes 
the third officer in the government, 
along with Gen. Jaruzelski and the 
interior mini ster, Gen. Miroslaw 

The economic reforms, which 
have been long delayed, are unlike¬ 
ly to encounter opposition from 
Moscow as long as they contribute 
to getting the Polish economy back 
on its feet. The Kremlin's main 
concern is political: the preserva¬ 
tion of Communist Party rule in 
Poland and leadership by politi¬ 
cians upon whom it believes it can 

On these points, Mr. Kania is 
now in a position to provide some 
measure of reassurance for Mr. 
Gromyko. The official Polish argu¬ 
ment is that the democratic elec¬ 
tion process has contributed to re¬ 
building the party's shattered mo¬ 
rale. Moreover, Mr. Kama's new 
prestige has enabled him to secure 
the election of several hard-liners 
in the Politburo as delegates to the 

China Toughens 
Warning to U.S. 
On Taiwan Ties 

The Associated Press 

PEKING — China's news agen¬ 
cy said Friday that U.S.-China re¬ 
lations will deteriorate and thar 
China may have to resort to force 
against Taiwan if the United 
Slates sticks to its current Taiwan 

“Sino-U.S. relations have 
traversed a long and tortuous road 
and are now at another crucial 
moment of whether to advance in 
the direction as charted in the 
‘Sino-U.S. communique' or to re¬ 
trogress because of the “Taiwan 
Relations Act," Xinhua declared. 

President Reagan has stated he 
intends lo uphold the act. It was 
passed by Congress to govern U.S. 
relations with Taiwan after the 
United Slates broke official (ies 
wiih Taipd. , 

Xinhua demanded that U.S. pol¬ 
icy-makers “free themselves from 
the interference” of the law, which 
provides for U.S. arms sales to 
Taiwan, seat of the rival National¬ 
ist Chinese government. China 
contends that the act also gives an 
official character to U.S. relations 
with Taiwan, despite U.S. commit¬ 
ments when it established relations 
with Peking that lies to Taiwan 
would be kept strictly unofficial. 

The strong warning follows a 
visit to Peking last month by Sec¬ 
retary of State Alexander M. Haig 
Jr. Earlier Chinese assessments 
said Mr. Haig's visit had brought 
some progress in U.S.-China rela¬ 

Mitterrand Faces Disparate Forces on Economic Front 

The■tfceves missed $5.64 million pa rtmenl , is the object of passion- 
worth ofjewels uiat were at an ex- ate argument and “lobbying” 

among Mr” Reagan's advisers, ac¬ 
cording to several such officials. 

The moderate faction believes 
that if the president sides with 
Southern congressional conserva¬ 
tives who want to alter the act he 


in,'' a Scotland Yard spokesman 
said. He added that the attackers 
set ofpounglar alarms at both the 
local police station and Scotland 
Yard headquaoers. 

By Jonathan Kandell 

international Herald Tribune 
PARIS —After a remarkable string of po¬ 
litical victories that firmly cemented Social¬ 
ist control over the government and legisla¬ 
ture. President Francois Mitterrand is faring 
the far more arduous task of reviving and 
transforming France’s economy. 

Only six weeks after coming to power. 
Mr. Mitterrand has established a calm, 
straightforward style in the hope of reassur¬ 
ing bOth expectant leftists and fearful con¬ 
servatives. He has repeatedly asserted that 
the promises he made during his election 
campaign — nothing more and nothing less 
—will serve as the basis of his program. 

’ In the economic realm, this means a com¬ 
mitment to improve the livelihood of the 
poorest French, create new r employment, in¬ 
crease taxes on the wealthy, and nationalize 
at a cautious pace 11 large industrial groups 
and much of what remains of private bank¬ 
ing and insurance. All this is supposed to be 
accomplished without unleashing another 
inflationary spiral that would discourage 
private investment and render the country 
less competitive than its neighbors in the 
European Economic Community. 

This week, the Socialist-dominated Na¬ 

tional Assembly began to consider legisla¬ 
tion to back some of ihese reforms. But in 
recent days, steep hurdles have appeared in 
the economic path charted by Mr. Mitter¬ 
rand, including the following: 

• Unemployment, which had reached 1.7 
million persons, or about 7.4 percent of the 
labor force, in the final days of Valery Gis- 
card d’Esiaing’s presidency, is accelerating. 

• Inflation, which was running at an an¬ 
nual rate of more than 13 percent before 
Mr. Mitterrand assumed office, is also pick¬ 
ing up, highlighted by the announcement a 
few days ago that electricity and gas prices 
would rise by 15 to 17 percent, and rents by 
10 to 13 pereenL 

• The franc, whicb lost value against the 
dollar and other European currencies in the 
weeks before and after Mr. Mitterrand's 
election, is still bring battered. In an effort 
to protect the franc and dispel rumors of 
devaluation, bank interest rates have been 
raised so high that French companies — 
particularly the financially troubled smaller 
and medium enterprises — cannot afford to 

9 In his first meeting with fellow leaders 
of the EEC countries in Luxembourg several 
days ago. Mr. Mitterrand got - a frosty re¬ 

sponse to his proposal that other states 
should follow tne French lead by reflating 
their economies to soak up unemployment 
The British, West Germans and Dutch 
maintain that the fight against inflation is 
still their first priority, which means that if 
France goes ahead with its expansionary 
plans, it could damage its competitive posi¬ 
tion and end up buying far more EEC goods 
than it sells to its trade partners. 

■ A survey of almost 2.000 beads of 
small and medium industrial companies, re¬ 
leased this week by Sofres. a leading poll¬ 
ster. indicated that only 15 percent of the 
44,000 enterprises in this category are hiring 
new personnel. Almost two-thirds said they 
will keep their labor force at present levels, 
and about one-fifth intend to cut back their 
job rolls. 

It is perhaps this last item, underlining 
the pessimism of large sectors in the busi¬ 
ness community, that will trouble Mr. Mit¬ 
terrand's government most in the months 
ahead While the president and his most 
moderate counselors — such as Prime Min¬ 
ister Pierre Mauroy, Economics and 
Finance Minister Jacques Delors. and In-, 
dustry Minister Pierre Dreyfus —insist the 
ure on a restrained, ev^n social democrat 

course, many business leaders question the 
government's basic economic strategy and 
still appear shell-shocked over the leftist 
election victories. 

In a lengthy interview published by the 
Paris newspaper Le Monde, Francois"Cey- 
rac. president of the National Employers’ 
Organizaton. suggested that the massive 
vote that brought the Socialists to power 
could be interpreted as a surrender by the 
French in the face of -the austerity, hard 
work and sacrifice that the world economic 
crisis demands from the country. 

“I am not very sur' ’■'* r n*pch were 
conscious of what * — 

rac. “The w orld Mr. C/ev- 

gifts just b%ause ou?°™r° mafce 
changed." ' 0ur Politics have 

,, lS Worried 

Whpr boLhers Mr 

« not any 5 ,W e ~ ? lher busi- 
osed by the «o^l, 0no L m,c Measure 
l of the pfofr^S t U ‘ nS 
higher inflation L ! «>nviciion is 
H the inevitable c^r r P r <**ciim* 
de ° r ^orms that r'ndu«S w* ° f a ca ^ 


(Con &nW d onftseif , olj) “ g 


Afghan Rebels Score 
Victories in Region 
Near Eastern Border 


NATO Starts Work on Underground Headquarters 

By Barry Shlachter 
The Associated Pros 

PESHAWAR, Pakistan — The 
eastern Afghan province of Konar, 
where the anti-Marxist insurgency 
began three years ago, has again 
become one of the most active 
fronts in this war-torn country. 

According to Afghan and West¬ 
ern sources here, a suing of guer¬ 
rilla victories, confirmed by wit¬ 
nesses including an American pho¬ 
tographer, have tilted the strategic 
balance In Konar in the favor of 
the mufahaddin or Moslem holy 
warriors, as the resistance fighters 
call themselves. 

In the last 10 days, insurgents 
overran an Afghan Army post at 
Nari, about 25 kilometers (15 
miles) west of the Pakistani bor¬ 
der, and seized control of the im¬ 
portant Pech Valley, which leads 
to the provincial capital, Chigba 
Sand, known formerly as Asada- 

Afghan troops withdrew from a 
small installation at Bakhaai and 
another unit was defeated at Dan- 
gam in early June* several inde¬ 
pendent reports said. 

Insurgent strength in Konar was 
reflected by the fact chat pro-gov¬ 
ernment villagers changed sides 
and negotiated their mass defec¬ 
tion and safe passage to Pakistan 
June 18, three days before Nari 
was captured, an Afghan source 
from Nari said. 

Rebels WeD Armed 

The Konar guerrillas, with plen¬ 
ty of captured arms and ammuni¬ 
tion, never have been so weD 
equipped, said Shamsolhoda 
Shams, 40, a native of the province 
who was an Afghan Army major 
before his own defection two years 

a gt> 

By holding the Pech Valley and 
surrounding neigh is, the resistance 
groups can threaten Chigha Sarai, 
Mr. Shams said. And with the fall 
of Nan, the nearby army garrison 
at Barikot is endangered, he said. 

Mr. Shams anti other Af ghan 
sources say that Soviet and Afghan 
troop reinforcements have been 
spotted on their way to the provin¬ 
cial capital. 

**1 think there will be fireworks 
in a week’s tone,'’ said a Western 
area specialist who has followed 
the course of fighting in the east¬ 
ern Afghan province. 

The Kabul regime of President 
Babrak Karma! now controls only 
Chigha Sarai and the army instal¬ 
lations at Asmar and Barikot, both 

located in the Asmar River Valley, 
which runs parallel with the Paki¬ 
stani border. Both of the posts are 
supplied by belicopter because in¬ 
surgents control the ground be¬ 
tween them and the provincial cap¬ 
ital. the sources said. 

Secret Deal 

Several informants said the com¬ 
mander of the Barikot garrison has 
been replaced by the regime in the 
last week. They said the officer 
had made secret approaches to in¬ 
surgents in the area after Nari fell, 
possibly with the aim of negotiat¬ 
ing the surrender of his forces. 

^Barikot has considerable im¬ 
portance to the regime," said Mr. 
Shams, now a Peshawar-based of¬ 
ficial with the Afghan Social Dem¬ 
ocrat Party, one of the 40 exiled 
political groups. The former army 
officer said Barikot's collapse 
would make it practically impossi¬ 
ble for troops to defend the strip 
of land between the border and 
Chigha Sarai. 

The capture of Nari and the cur¬ 
rent siege of Barikot reportedly are 
the work of local tribal groups in¬ 
cluding the Nurisian From, led by 
a former district commissioner 
named Anwar Amin. Mr. Amin is 
one of the fair-skinned and often 
blue-eyed Nuristani tribesmen of 
northern Konar who embraced 
Islam and dropped most of their 
animistic beliefs about 100 years 

They were among the first Af¬ 
ghans to raise the call of revolt fol¬ 
lowing the April 1978, coup that 
brought in the first of three succes¬ 
sive pro-Soviet regimes in Kabul 
Their own territory, known as Nu- 
ristan, has not been attacked by 
government troops since October, 
1979, two months before the Sovi¬ 
et intervention. 

The Pech Valley is under the 
control of predominantly Push ton 
or Pathan tribesmen, some of 
whom are affiliated with funda¬ 
mentalist Moslem factions with 
headquarters in Pakistan. 

Tnickloads of Soviet-made AK- 
47 assault rifles, ammunition and 
food along with several mortars 
and mountain howitzers and at 
least one full-sized artillery piece 
reportedly have fallen into insur¬ 
gent hands since early June. 

Unlike other areas, there have 
been few reports of strife between 
the various resistance groups in 
Konar. and some analysts believe 
the general surplus of arms might 
be one reason. 


for victims in (he wreckage of a five-story buDding in 
Zable, Lebanon, where 35 people (Bed on Thursday when 
(be building collapsed under Christian and Syrian crossfire. 

Besieged Road Provides 
Tenuous Link in Beirut 

By John Kifner several blocks into the Moslem 

Nel York Tunes Service f de to kee P “Y unwary motorist 

BEIRUT - A bulldozer came *6 dangerous 

under sniper fire as it moved up to "MSS* 1 ^ 

was arranged and the bulldozing T* , ^ " “fT 

E deco Junction, achieving one of hts 

of the war debris was completed. 

A huge mound of red-brown dirt 
had been heaped across the road 

Mitterrand Opens Economic Campaign 

(Continued from Page 1) 

week to 35 hours by 1985, an even¬ 
tual lowering of the retirement age 
to 60 years, higher taxes, a greater 
voice for labor in the running of 
enterprises, a slowdown in the nu¬ 
clear energy program and an ex¬ 
tension of state control over the 

Government statements and ac¬ 
tions aimed at reassuring business¬ 
men thus far have leu most of 
them unmoved. 

Mr. Dekns, the economics and 
finance minister, has asserted that 
there will not be any “rampant na¬ 
tionalization of the economy," that 
the state rote w£Q not exceed 16 
percent of manufacturing, and that 
enterprises coming under govern¬ 
ment control will be expected to 
match the profitable standards set 

Cheysson Says 
U.S. Neglecting 
Poor Countries 

Washington Past Service 

PARIS — External Affairs Min¬ 
ister Claude Cheysson warned Fri¬ 
day that the Reagan administra¬ 
tion could provoke a “major diffi¬ 
culty^ with its European allies — 
especially France — if it failed to 
give high priority to improving re¬ 
lations between underdeveloped 
and industrialized countries. 

He said the so-called “North- 
South dialogue" was one of the 
two major agenda items — along 
with controversial American high 
interest rales — that France want¬ 
ed discussed at the seven-nation 
non-Communist summit confer¬ 
ence in Ottawa later this month. 

“We’re heading for a serious sit¬ 
uation — the word is not too 
strong — if a problem which has 
top priority for us," he said, “for 
the Americans is only marginal, 
secondary and postponable.” 

“Then we -would have a major 
difficulty between us,” he added. 
Hammering away at by-now stan¬ 
dard themes of President Mitter¬ 
rand’s Socialist-dominated govern¬ 
ment, Mr. Cheysson said “no one 
has property explained American 
[economic] policy to us yeL" 


asserts, a ' ■'dm ^ 


July 5-12 

$125,000 Gw "* 3 Pr " 
Tennis Tournament 


by the Renault automobile compa¬ 
ny and other enterprises that have 
long been under state ownership. 

Fm phasiring its commitment to 
the strengthening of French com¬ 
panies in international markets, 
the government has given the 
green light to muItibOlion-franc in¬ 
vestments abroad by enterprises 
such as Elf-Aquitaine; the ou and 
gas gian t, and Lafarge-Coppee, the 
cement producer. Such overseas 
investments go against the grain of- 
leftists who maintain that the mon¬ 
ey should be spent in creating jobs 
at home. 

As a stop-gap aid to companies 
facing bankruptcy, the government 
is offering subsidized loans drawn 
from higher taxes on gasoline — 
an unpopular move in a country 
where fuel prices are among the 
most expensive in the world. 

Mr. Mauroy has sought to con¬ 
vince the business community that 
the entry of four Co mmunis ts into 
the Cabinet was a move designed 
to boy labor peace for the next two 
years, and that in any event (he 
key government levers over the 
economy mil be in the hands of 
moderate leftists with strong repu¬ 
tations in banking and industry. 

But businessmen are skeptical 
that the government will be able to 
control labor demands if inflation 
and unemployment fail the high 
expectations that the Socialist elec¬ 
tion victories sparked among 
French workers. 

An earfy test case of the govern¬ 
ment’s skill at balancing business 
and labor cl aims will be its han¬ 
dling of Agache-Wflloi, a tottering 
conglomerate of textile producers, 
department stores and cosmetics. 
Already in deep financial trouble 
early this year, the group was tem¬ 
porarily propped up by govern¬ 
ment aid under Mr. Giscard d’Es- 
taing, who was anxious to avoid a 
major industrial bankruptcy that 
could become a damaging electoral 
campaign issue. 

Administrator Named 

Shortly after Mr. Mitterrand’s 
election, the four WQlot brothers 
who head the group sought to de¬ 
clare bankruptcy for their textile 
subsidiaries, while keeping control 
over their other healthier opera¬ 
tions. But under government 
prodding, a business court ap¬ 
pointed a legal administrator with 
broad powers to head both the tex- 
, tile subsidiaries and the holding 
company of the group. 

The Willot brothers have 
received considerable sympathy in 
the business community for their 
assertions that the textile industry 
is in trouble throughout the West 
because of cheaper Third World 
producers. But labor unions have 
protested the brothers' bankruptcy 
proceedings as “a scandalous liqui¬ 
dation" aimed of getting rid of un¬ 
profitable units, and they are call¬ 
ing for an investigation of the fi¬ 
nancial management of the entire 
Agache-Willot group. 

“It is up to the government to 


Esi 1911 

3 Rue Daunou, PARIS 
Just tell the taxi driver 
"sank coo doe noo" 
i «* 

‘•entrwm Sir. 9, Munich. 

demonstrate that it is possible to 
negotiate and avoid any job loss¬ 
es." asserted the Communist-con¬ 
trolled CGT, the largest labor fed¬ 

Trade unionists already are 
showing signs of impatience with- 
the business community as a 
whole. Edmond Main e, lea der of 
the Socialist-leaning CFDT, the 
second largest- labor federation, 
lashed out last week at what he 
called a business plot to “refuse to 
invest or to hire, and instead to 
raise prices either insidiously or di¬ 
rectly — in effect, to try to make 
the new [government economic] 
policy fail" 

A few days later, Andre Sainjon, 
leader of the CGTs metallurgical 
division, asserted that 10.000 
workers in his sector had lost their 
jobs in the last six weeks and said: 
“The time has definitely come for 
the government to show greater re¬ 
solve against decisions taken by 

managwnwi i " 

When be was elected. President 
Mitterrand spoke confidently of a 
“state of grace" during his first 
months in office when the nation 
would rally around his programs. 
But in the economic sphere, that 
honeymoon period may not extend 
much beyond the summer. 

Superman Imitator Fails 

United Press Internationa! 

TOKYO — A 20-year-old uni¬ 
versity student who told a friend 
he wished he could leap from 
buildings like the hero he just saw 
in “Superman EH jumped 40 feel 
to his death early Thursday, police 

By Roger Cohen' 


CASTEAU, Belgium — The fat 

of NATO’s European forces, as an unassail¬ 
able base from much to direct allied military 

Most information about the new building is 
c l a ssi fi ed including the number of people who 
would work there with the supreme command¬ 
er, but Col. Downs said it will be built on three 
levels, and will be entirely seif-SufficjenL 

uiaimu, Belgium — toe huge under¬ 
ground area that win bouse NATO military 
headquarters in case of war has been excavat¬ 
ed, and the project is scheduled for completion 
in 1983. 

“When finished, ibis building will stand up 
tojany_ weapon we believe might be aim M at 
it." British Col. Bruce Downs said in an inter¬ 
view. Asked if it would resist nuclear attack, be 

repeated his statement. 

CoL Downs, who beads the project team at 
the Supreme Headquarters of Allied Powers in 
Europe (SHAPE) here, said the underground 
building will become operational soon after it 
is completed. 

The hole, already lined with concrete, covers 
an area of approximately 6.000 square meters 
(7,000 square yards) an A is more than 20 me¬ 
ters (65 feet) deep. About SI million bas been 
spent to gauge the site and test the strength of 
materials for the proposed building. 

If war breaks out, Cbe new site will be used 
by Gen. Bernard Rogers, supreme commander 

The headquarters is being built by a consor¬ 
tium of Belgian companies under the direction 
of the Belg ian Ministry of Defense. Security 
checks are made periodically on construction 
workers at the rite, CoL Downs said. 

Since SHAPE moved from France to Belgi¬ 
um in 1967, it has been housed in a series of 
nondescript, modem buildings offering little 
protection from attack. The need for one 

' “The budding complies with NATO criteria prelection from attack. The n«d ror one 
for the protection of headquarters.” the colo- building providing greater protection for a Iim- 
nd said “We believe thatit is as invulnerable «cd number of people and essential equipment 
as any budding can be." **» tor some> tin*, but the un- 

j tJ ivciiaI fWHiif PWpn tc rtf in#> Hurler mo arm trie 

The building null be encased in a reinforced 
concrete shell, fitted with highly sophisticated 
electronic command systems, computers for 
data processing and a communications net¬ 
work installed m duplicate to ensure that con¬ 
tact with allied forces can be maintained. 

The budding win be covered by a “detona¬ 
tion slab" of concrete about three meters thick, 
designed to take the brunt of any bomb or 
rocket explosion. 

The cost of construction is estimated at 
about $100 million, to be shared by NATO’s 
15 members. 

ited number of people and essential equipment 
bas been recognized for some time, but uie un¬ 
usual requirements of the building and the 
need for agreement by all the NATO countries 
bas caused dday. 

“This is definitely not a luxury,” Col. 
Downs said. “It is a project that is urgent, but 
its size and complexity have made it difficult 
to find instant answers." 

Most of SHAPE’S 2,000-strong military staff 
will remain in buildings above ground In 
peacetime, a limited number, headed by Gen. 
Rogers, will have access to the new building, a 
few hundred yards from the main SHAPE 

Israeli Politicians Hire U.S. Image-Makers 

By William Claiborne Mr- Garth’s partner in this cam- 

WcsUngton Post Service P 3 ^ «■» ^ Furet, famer di- 

JERUSALEM — Headquartered 1 reclor J* anti-defamation 
on opposite sides of the country. , Ko . u , ~ . 

one in Tel Aviv and the other in 
Jerusalem, two Americans who re- 

mained in the background of Isra- ~Ttou scrazy, he 

el’s national election became ““V/T 11 * ^ Labor Pany u .5 > ; 
known amply as the “hired guns.” 05 J'*’? T*? 75 * 

DavidGarth, the gregarious gj**™*®* a 

New York-based political consult- 
ant who bas advised the U.S. polit- “*9; 
ical campaigns of John B. Ander- ^ 
son. New York Mayor Edward L 
Koch and Los Angeles Mayor 

Tom Bradley, moved into a suite 
in rfw »« Raton, the former 

One meeting with Peres convinced 
me of that.” 

in the Kina'David hotel here to 
work with Prime Munster Mena- 
chem Begin. 

David Sawyer, best known for 
r unning political tarnpiipw for 
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy and a 
long list of gubernatorial candi¬ 
dates, based himself in Tel Aviv’s 
Dan hotel and from there he 
advised Shimon Peres, the Labor 
Party candidate. 

It was the first Israeli political 
campaign in which American im- 

Mr. Sawyer first came here in 
November to work with Mr. Peres 
in his battle for Labor Party lead-; 
ership against arch-rival Yitzhak 
Rabin, the former prime minister. 

When Mr. Penes beat Mr. Rabin in 
the party’s national convention, he 
asked Mr. Sawyer to come back 
for the general election. 

“The problems were unbeliev¬ 
able. Here’s a party that had been 
voted out in 1977, and...(hey be¬ 

came obsessed with internal prob¬ 
lems,” Mr. Sawyer said. 

Labor’s internal struggles often 
made it difficult for Mr. Peres to 
take dear positions, with the par¬ 
ty’s policy committee frequently 
splitting over key campaign issues 
and then com p r om ising rat a pub¬ 
lic stand that appeared ambiguous. 
Mr. Peres, described by Mr. 
Sawyer as a “decent nice guy with 
a lot of good ideas fw solving Isra¬ 
el's problems," also was inflicted 
with a personal image problem. 

Image Problem 

To many Israelis, Mr. Peres was 
viewed as a shifty backroom politi¬ 
cian who for years had undercut 
the highly popular Mr. Rabin. It 
was the campaign staff’s job to 
transform him in the public’s im¬ 
age to a responsible, moderate, 
level-headed leader. 

Mr. Garth and Mr. Sawyer said 
much of their effort involved gui¬ 
dance in campaign media work, 
particularly for each party’s adver¬ 
tising agency and film production 
company on television spots 
shown joightly on Israel's single 
state-owned televirion channel. 

Israeli campaigns entail relative¬ 
ly b'Ule barnstorming by candi¬ 
dates, and most of the emphasis is 
placed on television and capitaliz¬ 
ing on campaign-generated contro¬ 
versies and charges and counter¬ 
charges about ^performance and 
suitability for office — all of which 
is closely followed by Israel's ag¬ 
gressive news media as well as in¬ 
terested foreign media. 

The consultants said that a re¬ 
spect for the political use of Amer¬ 
ican media (hiring U.S. campaigns 
probably prompted the Israelis to 
look for outside help this year. 

^*I?was the first Israeli political WORLD NEWS BRIEFS Policy Shift 

campaign in which American im- 1 ~« 

FhnirSadn Supporters Assailed as 'Hypocrites’ By KeOgatl 

dear a road between the Moslem ^on, the 

and Christian sectors of the capital butidozer cleared tire dm from 
just a few days ago. The road had OQe lanc - 
been dosed for at least three League Eases Tension 

’’a wnaa on the Moslem side Tta. P remier M k d-Vtom 
™ womded before a cera-nre knolnLite'S 

government’s major objectives. 

No one could predict, however, 
how long the road would remain 

The action came during an ap¬ 
parent easing of tension as a result 
of efforts by a special Arab League 
committee comprising the foreign 
ministers of Kuwait, Lebanon. 
Saudi Arabia and Syria. The com¬ 
mittee was scheduled to meet here 
again Saturday. 

in another move toward concili¬ 
ation, 95 Lebanese Christian mili- 
tiamen who had been under Syrian 
siege were evacuated earlier this 
week from Zahle. 30 miles east of 
here, and replaced by Lebanese 

The reopened Beirut road, in the 
middle of the dty, is at a junction 
for what used to be called a shop¬ 
ping center. The area is still repre¬ 
sented on maps as a neat, intercon¬ 
nected curving pattern of broad 
avenues and ride streets and 
squares. But running from the 
Mediterranean to the foothills of 
the citv is a huge scar, the Green 
Line, that splits Beirut into Chris¬ 
tian east and predominantly 
Moslem west. 

The streets no longer connect. 
The squares are overgrown. The 
Green Line is a desolate stretch of 
broken buildings providing tittle 
more than roosts for supers. 

There are five places where it is 
possible to travel Horn one side of 
the city to the other, all of them 
intermittently closed by sniper fire. 
The major crossing, an elevated 
highway, has been closed for more 
than a year. 

Several hours after the opening 
of the newly cleared road, a motor¬ 
cycle policeman was waving driv¬ 
ers away. But at about 6 PJn, four 
cars used the crossing They were 
moving very, very fast. 

Garth and Mr. Sawyer appear to 
represent a new American industry 
— exporting political consultants 
for foreign election campaigns. 

Both refused to talk to newsmen 
during the cam paig n , out of con¬ 
cern for upstaging their Israeli 
bosses, but after the election on 
Tuesday each offered in interviews 
Ins insi ghts into the strategic 
maneu vering of the campaign 

Mr. Garth also has worked on 
campaigns in Venezuela and Ber¬ 
muda, and Mr. Sawyer has been in 
Costa Rica, the D omini can Re¬ 
public and Venezuela. The two 
faced each other in Venezuela. 

“For years, politicians around 
the world have been going to the 
United States to look at our politi¬ 
cal campaigns. It was inevitibte we 
would start working abroad,” said 
Mr. Garth, who controls a network 
of campaign consulting firms. 
Garth-Furst Inc. has the contract 
with Mr. Begin’s Likud bloc, and 

Turks Hold Trial 
For 4 Foreigners 
On Aid to Kurds 

The Associated Press 

ANKARA —A French doctor, a 
Frenchwoman, an Iranian and a 
Lebanese woman have gone on tri¬ 
al in the eastern Ttirirish dty of Di~ 
yarbakir on charges of attempting 
to establish a Kurdish stale and 
disseminating Kurdish propagan¬ 

The case remained shrouded in 
secrecy as the French ambassador 
here refused to give details on the 
case and the Turkish defense law¬ 
yer d pimed that the defendants 
have not approved release of any 
info rm ation- Military court offi¬ 
cials in Diyarbalrir also have di¬ 
vulged no information except that 
the four are being tried and an 
what charges. 

Under the Turkish penal code, 
the four could be sentenced to 5 tp 
15 years in prison if found gnflty. 

The attorney identified the doc¬ 
tor as Luc Devigne, 35, of Martin¬ 
ique; tbe Frenchwoman as Maria 
Annick Lanter, 29, of Paris; the 
Iranian as Mustafa Ketn&l Davudi, 
28, a student in Paris; and the Leb¬ 
anese woman as Sahar ChamaL 23, 
also a student in Paris. 

U.S. Aides Say France May Shift Jobs 
Of Ministry Headed by a Communist 

By Michael Getler 

Washington Peat Service 

WASHINGTON — U.S. offi¬ 
cials say there are “indications" 
that the Socialist government of 
Francois Mitterrand in France is 
considering ways to shift some sen¬ 
sitive, military-related responsibili¬ 
ties of the Transportation Minis¬ 
try. now beaded by a Communist, 
to other ministries to avoid any 
possible compromise of emergency 
Allied mobilization plans. 

These officials say the French 
government recognized the poten¬ 
tial problem of Communist access 
to transportation readiness infor¬ 
mation and is acting on its own, 
rather than under U.S. or allied 
prodding, in considering what to 

Tbe issue is very sensitive in 
France, where the new government 
does not want to be seen as under¬ 
cutting tbe status of ministers it 
just appointed, or as bending to 
outside pressure. It is also sensitive 
in the UB. government, which 
clearly would like to see the 
French plug a potential hole in se¬ 
curity yet does not want io in¬ 
terfere in French internal decision- 

A government spokesman in 
Pans, asked about a possible 
change in Transport Ministry du¬ 
ties. said that the Cabinet had just 
approved that minister’s responsi¬ 
bilities, including the “organiza¬ 

tion for defense transportation,” 
without significant change from 
previous governments. 

The only change, he said, was 
tbe transfer of merchant marine re¬ 
sponsibilities to a newly created 
Maritime Ministry which, the 
spokesman said, was done for do¬ 
mestic pohical reasons. 

In Washington. French officials 
also said they could not confirm 
any switch in ministerial responsi¬ 
bilities. However, other French of¬ 
ficials said they had the feeling 
that something was going on now 
and that whatever action is taken 
will probably be done unofficially. 

Reagan administration officials, 
asked about the situation, also said 
reports reaching Washington indi¬ 
cate that the French were in the 
process of dealing with the siiua- 

Pope Is Unable to Go 
To Lourdes Congress 

TheAoocuaed Press 

PARIS — Pope John Paul 1L 
still suffering from the effects of 
an assassination attempt May 13, 
will not attend the international 
Eucharistic Congress in Lourdes, 
France. July 16-23. the Catholic 
Episcopate in France announced 

The pope is suffering from a 
viral infection related to the 
gunshot wounds he received in the 

tion. One U.S. report indicates 
that some of the transport duties 
will be switched to the Interior 

In the aftermath of the dramatic 
Socialist election victories in May 
and June against former president 
Valery Giscard d’Estamg, Mr. 
Mitterrand appointed four mem¬ 
bers of the French Communist 
party — which in the past has tra¬ 
ditionally supported major Soviet 
foreign policy goals — to his 44- 
member Cabinet 

Tbe only senior Cabinet* posi¬ 
tion given to a Co mmunis t in¬ 
volves the Transportation Minis - 
try. which is now ran by Charles 
Fiterman, the second-ranking lead¬ 
er of the French party. 

Tlie Reagan administration, 
while praising the “fundamental, 
deep and strong” ties that continue 
between the United States and 
France, nevertheless quickly made 
known publicly its general appre¬ 
hension about allowing participa¬ 
tion of Communists in Allied gov¬ 

U.S. military and intelligence 
specialists said they believed that 
the problem posed by the Commu¬ 
nists in the Cabinet win eventually 
cause a problem for the United 
States and NATO and would re¬ 
sult in some restriction in informa¬ 
tion passed between the Allies. 
France is not a member of NATO 
but is part of the command struc¬ 

The Associated Press 

BEIRUT — liberal su p porters of fugitive AbcJhassan Bam-Sadr have 
joined an alliance of “leftist and rightist hypocrites” against the Islamic 
republic, Hashemi Rafsanjaru, the Speaker of Iran's parliament, charged 

Before dawn, a firing squad executed a man accused of leading anti- 
gervernment riots in (he town of Kharadj near Tehran, Tehran Radio 
said. Tbe shooting brought to 90 the total of officially announced execu¬ 
tions since Mr. Bam-Sadris ouster as president two weeks ago. 

Mr. Rafsanjani charged in a sermon at Tehran University tbat'Gberal 
supporters of Mr. Bam-Sadr are united with die underground Marxist 
MujahadtBn Khalq in a “confrontation against the Islamic revolution-” 
The sermon was broadcast by Tehran Radio and monitored in^Beirut. 

Belgium Warns Zairians on Attacking Mobatu 


BRUSSELS — Belgium Friday condemned attacks made by Zairian 
exiles here such as those by former Premier Nguza Karl I Bond on 
Zaire’s President Mobutn Sere Seko and said they were against the law. 

Premier Mark Eyskens issued a statement after a Cabinet meeting 
making dear the government’s position. Zaire has threatened to break 
diplomatic relations with Belgium if the activities of Zairian dissidents 
are not curbed. 

Fattier this week, Mr. Ngnza published a pamphlet in Brussels appeal¬ 
ing to the people of Zaire to overthrow Mr. Mobutu. The former premier 
was summoned to the Justice Ministry Thursday and told to stop such 

Yugoslavs Ratify TUo 9 s Plan for Leadership 

The Associated Press 

BELGRADE —The Yugoslav Parliament adopted a series of constitu¬ 
tional amendments an Friday to ratify the system of collective leadership 
devised by the late president, Tito. 

. Tbe complex system was introduced to prevent the rise of a strong 
ruler by creating collective leadership with limited mandates throughout 
all levels of the political structure, from the lowest level to the highest 
federal bodies. 

Tbe state presidency — the top executive body — is made op of a 
representative from each republic and province. Representatives rotate 
annually into the largely ceremonial presidential post. 

Court Fines Frenchman Over Navi Statements 

The Animated Press 

PARIS — A French court convicted a university professor FrkLf of 
mating hatred and racial discrimination by denying the existence of 
Nazi gas chambers and tbe massacre of Jews during World War IL 
Robert Faurisson, 52, who has been suspended from his history pro¬ 
fessorship at Lyons University, was given a three-month suspended sen¬ 
tence and fined 5,000 francs (about $900) by the Correctional Court of 
Paris. He also was ordered to pay 20,000 francs ($3,600) to three French 
Jewish or gani zations that had filed a defamation suit against him. 

The case stems from a French radio network interview, broadcast cat 
Dec 17, in which Mr. Faurisson said, “The alleged gas chambers of 
Hitter and the alleged genocide form a historic He that allows a gigan tic 
political and financial swindling, whose principal beneficiaries are the 
state of Israel and international Zi onism and whose principal victims are 
the German people and the Palestinian people." 

lefever Hired as a Paid Consultant to Haig 

United Press International 

WASHINGTON — Ernest W. Lefevcr, who withdrew bis name from 
consideration as the adrahristration’s human rights spokesman after a 
Senate panel rejected him, 1ms been hired as a consultant to Secretary of 
Friday CMIlder ^ Hais Jr * a SuUe I>e P ar lment spokesman said on 

Mr. L efever w as sworn in an Wednesday as a paid consultant to Mr. 
Haig on terrorism, counter-temwism and nuclear nonproliferation mat¬ 
ters, the spokesman said. 

Mr. Lefever wH be paid on a per diem basis for a maximum of 130 
days a year based on an annual salary of $44,000. He withdrew his name 
from Senate consideration as assistant secretary of stale for hnnwm 
rights and humanitarian affairs after his n omination was rejected last 
month by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. 

M*Bow Criticizes Press Accounts on 3d World 

The Associated Press 

GENEVA — Amadou-Mahtar M’Bow, Unesco director-generaL said ! 

patterns of political and economic domination in the 
Third World risk being perpetuated through tire mass media of the de¬ 
veloped countries. 

Mr. MTBow noted at a meeting of tire UN Eamomic and Social Com- , 
notice in Geneva, as he has frequently as the ranking official of the , 
Pans-based UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, that ; 
foreign news accounts about tire Third World often are “truncated and 
even deformed.” j 

“Countries which have recently attained independence cnmpiam that i 
while their voice is now free, nonetheless it is largely mandible becane 
they do not have the capacity to get their message across, or because 
thra- voice is silenced by powerful transmitters situated elsewhere.” he 
S8ZCL { 


Marcos Names Finance Minister cts Premier 

The Associated Press 

MANILA — President Ferdinand E Marcos on Friday namM ] 
Finance Minister Cesar Virata as p re mier , tami ng aside suggestions j 
from supporters that he give the post to his wife, Imelda. \ 

The government television service said that a caucus of the praadent’s 
New Society Party endorsed the nomination- This ensured Mr/Virata’s | 

election by tire Intsim National Assembly since tire party controls the j 
Assembly. ] 

Mrs. Marcos was nominated for premier at the party caucus by a 
provincial governor, who said ire was acting on behalf of all the nation’s i 
governors and mayors. But Mr. Mar«» said be had tirid the in his ] 

recent election campaign that he would not choose his wjftyMrs. Marcos i 
then nominated Virata, but Mr. Marcos laid that he intends td rotate the ; 
premier’sjob and that his wife might take a tofn. . -/v. ! 

(Continued from Page 1) 

will be seen as turning hack the 
dock on race relations. 

In fact, before a blade business¬ 
man agreed last month to be chair¬ 
man of tbe Equal Opportunity 
Employment Commission, Mr. 
Reagan had been repeatedly re¬ 
buffed by blacks who refused the 
appointment when White House 
aides told them of the administra¬ 
tion's plan to bring a pro-business 
tilt to the commission’s investiga¬ 
tions of job discrimination. 

But there were no internal 
disputes on the policy of turning 
the n^uLauxy agencies over to rep¬ 
resentatives or lawyers for the in- 
* dnstries being regulated. Such ap¬ 
pointees are already in place at the 
Security and Exchange Cammis- 
stan, die Federal Aviation Admin-. 
istration, the Federal Conunanicar- 
tions Conrmusion, the Commodity 
Futures Trading Commission, tire 
Interstate Commerce Commission. 
and the Federal Home Loan Bank. 

The impact of these appoint¬ 
ments was almost immediate. At 
.tire Federal Home Loan Bank, for * 
example, one of tire rim acts of, 
Richard T. Pratt, tire savings and 
loan executive chosen by Mr.' 
Reagan was to authorize tire varia¬ 
ble rate mor tga g es favored by 
lending institutions. 

Mr. James, tire White House 
personnel chief, added that on 
such appointments tire president’s ' 
top adviser, Edwin Meese 3d, of- . 
ten “inleajects himself’ into the in¬ 

ending the adversarial relationship 
between business and regulatory 

Environmentalists are alarmed 
by the little-noticed slashing of the 
Council on Environmental Quali¬ 
fy, which they call tire “environ¬ 
mental conscience of tire executive 

“If just seems as if they have 
carefully searched the country for 
people with good credentials and 
for opposing the environment,” 
concludes Russell Peterson, presi¬ 
dent of the National Audubon So¬ 
ciety. Mr. Peterson, a Republican, 
said that the administration had 
not only frozen Democratic activ¬ 
ists put of environmental jobs, but 
had also bypassed Republican 

Ex-Officers Hold 
Peking Protest 

PEKING — About 60 former 
array officers purged as counterre¬ 
volutionaries under Mao staged a 
sit-in Friday outside a military 
building in central Peking, witness¬ 
es said. 

'prey identified themselves with 
written placards as “military 
cadres" who had been purged be¬ 
tween 1969 and 1975 and who had •; 
not yet been rehabilitated, the 
nesses added. - 

Among the aologans were: 
rid of leftist influence" and - G 
piement tire policy on cad/ - j «»■£** 
were persecuted." Others A es JP; 
support of moderate s a*** jr 
brought in since' th 
the Maoist regime. 0 T Uowaf aH & 

West Gerxdan Sold 
Secrets, Paper Saw 

The Associated Press 

BONN —An electronics expert 
s old s ecret information on West 
Germany’s new Leopard n o»nir to 
Soviet agents, a West German 
rawpapw reported Friday. The 
Justice Ministry denied the report, , ; 
but said it was investigating two' 
persons suspected of spying for the 

Th e newspaper Bild said an elec¬ 
tronics technician working for a 
Munich firm sold plans of the 

tank’s laser range finder and night 
sights to an employee of the Soviet 
Embassy in Bohn. 

Viiiir> W]U\\i. Ml,|{\U) I'Klltl \L. > \TI ItPWSl Mm.JI \.\ I-.".. I'IK I 

Supreme Court Adopting Deferenticd Role in Decdings With Congress and White House 

2 e- 

By Fred Barbash 

Washington Post Service 

'*?•. SHINGTON — The Supreme Court of 
N^bi £ Burger, 12 years in search of a mis- 
;' v :uay have found one in the term that end-. 
_;r Sireday.. 

r \>* major niling* show a firm commitment 
drastically curtailed role for the federal 
' ■-"; i ary asacheck on the rest of government. 

< ; ngress wants to draft only mem the court 
■*vSh*s term, the ,court most defer: to Con- 
If the executive wants to demy freedom 
tvel abroad, the court must defer to the 
.?• : -.-.tivei - 

the states have overcrowded prisons, the 
' ‘ r ;. must defer to the states. 

A (Ranged Court 

: > ■„ 6 theme has .been developing since the 
.’ ash to the court’s 1973 legalization of 
~ ;.:ion. Xt reached its height this year, partio 
'7 when confronted _ with foreign policy, 
oal security or military questions: 
s a humble court, finally a Burger court, 
Earl Warren court, u is a deferential 
that knows its-place in the scheme of 


government, not a court that tries to carve a 

ft means that elections are more important 
than ever. When it comes to questions of social 
change, the message increasingly is: Don't 
bother to file, a suit Vote, lobby or make a 
campaign contrib ution. The justices of_the Su- 


preme Court are increasingly saying, “Who are 
we to question?” 

But the same “deference” to Congress that 
upheld the all-male draft was used 12 months 
ago to uphold affirmative action in the award 
of government contracts, and a few weeks ago 
to uphold tough, federal restrictions on the 
strip-mining industry. 

- There are, of course, going to be exceptions. 
Demonstrating that it still lotows how to hold 
something unconstitutional, the court this year 
struck down a zoning ordinance used to ban 
nude dancing because the ordinance was too 
broadly restrictive of free expression. Bui the 
victim of that ruling was the borough of 
Mount Ephraim, N J„ not the Congress of the 
United States. 

The court did take on Congress on one is¬ 
sue: judicial salaries. The justices ruled this 
year that Congress acted unconstitutionally on 
two occasions when it denied pay raises lo'fed- 

There are many contradictions. The case of 
former CIA agent Philip Agee is an example. 
The court ruled that the executive branch 
could lake away Mr. Agee's passport, even 
though Congress had said nothing about the 

In the field of institutions for the handi¬ 
capped. however. Congress has enunciated a 
relatively clear prescription for protecting pa¬ 
tients from mistreatment and isolation in insti¬ 

Explanations Offered 

But this term, the court said in a case involv¬ 
ing Pennsylvania’s Pennhurst home for the re¬ 
tarded. that what Congress said was not 
enough to require states to remedy poor condi¬ 

The justices had a variety of explanations 
for their actions this year, and many of them 
sounded like Reagan campaign speeches. 

Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr., in ruling that 

double-celling of state prisoner* i* con*iuu- 
t ion ally acceptable, said: “Court* certainly 
have a responsibility to scrutinize claims of 
cruel and unusual confinement. ...However, 
courts cannot assume that state legislatures 
and prison officials are insensitive (o the re¬ 
quirements of the Constitution.'* 

Justice William H. Rehnquisi, in ruling that 
Congress raav exclude women from the draft, 
said. “The Congress is a co-equal branch of 
government whose members take the same 
oath we do to uphold the Constitution of the 
United States.” 

Chief Justice Burger, in the Agee case, 
wrote: “Matters intimately related to foreign 
policy and national security are rarely proper 
subjects for judicial intervention. ..'Matters 
relating ‘to the conduct of foreign relations are 
so exclusively entrusted to the political branch¬ 
es of government as to be largely immune from 
judicial inquiry or interference.’ ” 

The final words in the passage from the 
Agee case are not new — they come from a 
1952 opinion authorizing deportation of resi¬ 
dent aliens who were once members of the 
Conrimunist Party of the United Slates. 

Justice* explain iheir opinion*. Bui they 
rarely explain publicly what is going through 
their mind*. When Justice Potter Stewart an¬ 
nounced his retirement, he offered a rare 
glimpse of what was on hi* mind at the 

Congressional proposals to strip the court of 
jurisdiction over controversial issues, such as 
abortion, school prayer and busing, “concern 
me," Justice Stewart said. "There have been 
such bDls in Congress ever since I’ve been here 
... but there seems to be considerably more of 
a possibility that one or more of such bills 
might be enacted.” 

The justices are not deaf to the outcry from 
large segments of the public over decisions in 
the pasL The court's rulings this year on the 
draft, upholding the constitutionality of paren¬ 
tal notification of abortions and last year's ap¬ 
proval of the Hyde amendment, which prohi¬ 
bited the use of federal funds for abortions in 
virtually all circumstances, may help defuse 
that outcry. 

The sex discrum nation rulings — particular¬ 
ly in the draft case and in a decision upholding 
laws that make statutory rape a crime Tor men 
but not women — illustrate the context. 

A decade ago. the Supreme Cuun began 
making changes in ihc sex discrimination law* 
that were barely noticed hy the world. A state 
could not let young women buy .strong beer 
but deny ii to young men. the court said. 
Women could not he prohibited from adminis¬ 
tering will*, it ruled. 

The changes were subtle. The gender dis¬ 
tinctions were relatively innocuous. But it was 
clear that they would not stay that way. for the 
inevitable result of the court's reasoning would 
be confrontations with sensitive and basic 
views held hy many about ihe role of women 
in society. 

In the draft case and the statutory rape case 
the court backed away from its course in sex 
discrimination laws, and womens* rights law¬ 
yers are now speculating that it may be a per¬ 
manent backing away. 

The court essentially ignored the legal prin¬ 
ciple it had established allowing prior gender 
distinctions to fall: That any distinction re¬ 
quired thorough justification based on facts, 
not stereotypes. 

Now the court seems to be saying that dif¬ 
ferent treatment of men and women can be 
justified as long as Congress enacts it into law. 

alvadoran President 
tssails Businessmen 

-'? V ‘ By Raymond Bonner 

New York Timet Service " 

; ' -'n SALVADOR —The great- 

_ ..7**■-:.ireat to the g/ovenraient of El 
: V:'i-' e.tdor is from conservative busi- 
...... nen, hot the leftist revolution- 

11 '_*■ ^according to the president of 
. -j nljng civilian-military junta 

' .r.: ...^ be private sector,” President 
.. "3-Napoleon Duarte said in an 
- . : view, "is in its final offensive" 

V_ -ijverthrow Jhe government. 

' - ■ politicians in the private sec- 

•.--'.'jant the government...They 
r to takeaway all the economic 

Polieu y* tite overthrow of a mili- 
■* ”»CV yiictator in October, 1979. a 
» ssion of civilian-military jun- 
f> ]) 15 titken control of the banks, 

-OV np/ftnalized coffee, .cotton and 

• exports, and begun a land 
iribution program. The pri- 

••'fcsara-Council of Agricultural Pro- 
" - t js charged in a statement 
., • ' “sday that the reforms are in 

_ 3 ^responsible for the chaotic sit- 
- ;u ' J;n of the economy. 

“.r. Duarte is the leader of the 
' •”«: rstian Democrats, who hold 
■iiher position on the four-man 

• - ana most of the principal 

-.^mment offices. This govem- 

• has never been popular 
: _ . - ag businessmen, many of 

. . . 73 m are in self-exile in Miami 

- — Guatemala City. But begin- 
i.. about 10 days ago. accordmg 
- .ilr. Duarte, their verbal attacks 
. . " more numerous and pob- 

- ^ _r. Duarte said the economic 

Lt is led by Manuel Hinds, who 
j.. ^minister of ihe.etSonomyrlor: 
■: '• •:tnhnuft ' after' the 1979 coup 
. . :.-raow lives in the United States. 

such a stalemenL In addition to 
the freeze on wages, the law ap¬ 
proved Thursday continues con¬ 
trols on rents, school tuition, medi¬ 
cal services, and the prices of rice, 
corn, sugar and beans. 

A university professor who 
asked not to be identified pointed 
out that the law does not impose 
limits on profits. He also said that 
while the wage freeze affected all 
workers, the controls on prices 
would benefit only about 30 per¬ 
cent of the people. 

Peasants and the poor do not 
rent apartments, their children 
usually do not go to school and 
they do not have access to hospi¬ 
tals, he added. He also criticized 
the law for not freezing the prices 
of milk, bread and eggs. 

According to the information 
center at the Catholic University 
here, the price of a loaf of bread 
that cost the equivalent of 60 cents 
in December now costs 92 cents. A 
liter of milk has gone from 34 
cents to 54 cents ana a dozen eggs 
from 72 cents to $2.20. The mini¬ 
mum wage for industrial workers 
in the capital is about S4 a day. 

El Salvador’s economic crisis be¬ 
gan with the flight of millions of 
dollars of capital after the 1979 
coup. Since then, guerrilla attacks 
have shut down more than 100 
businesses and destroyed cotton 
and sugar cane crops. Now, ac¬ 
cording to Mr. Duarte, the govern¬ 
ment. is under what he calls eco¬ 
nomic attack from the right. 

T>* AaooaRx) Pr««i 

MANILA PROTEST — Demonstrators gather at the U.S. Embassy in Manila on the eve of 
the July 4th holiday todenounce the U.S. ami the government of President Ferdinand E. Marcos. 

Democrats Seek Bigger Role for Officials 
In Selecting Nominees for the Presidency 

Rebels Strike in . North 

By Adam Gymer 

New York Timej_Ser/ice 

WASHINGTON — In an effort 
to reform the reforms of presiden¬ 
tial politics, the Democratic Na¬ 
tional Committee has announced 
the formation of a party commis¬ 
sion whose goals include shorten¬ 
ing the presidential campaign sea¬ 
son ana giving elected officials a 
bigger role in picking a nominee. 

Those goals were proclaimed by 
Charles T. Manatt, chairman of 
the national committee, on Thurs¬ 
day. They were backed by Gov. 
James B. Hunt Jr. erf North Caroli¬ 

na, who will be chairman of the 69- 
member commission, the party's 
fourth panel since 1969 to reform 
rules for nominating a presidential 

Mr. Manatt said that he would 
welcome the chance to “cooper¬ 
ate" with the Republican National 
Committee on improving the pro¬ 
cess of electing a presidenL The 
Republicans have a 10-member 
committee, due to report in 12 to 
18 months, charged with looking 
into many of the same issues. 

Unlike the Democrats, the Re¬ 
publicans have already adopted 


'^-tursday the Independent Cot- 
-^jTOwers Front urged repeal of 

- - : -so-called “land to the tiller" 

’ "which wouldgjve title to peas- 
; now paying rent for the small 
. '^i^s of land they-work- Cotton 
: _"r r._Salvador's second largest ex- 
■ ..-product, after coffee, and the 

- v_ ers said many owners are not 
~ : ing because they fear they 

.Jose their land before harvest 

J"_ -Jr. Duarte said in an interview 
• J ’Taesday that the government 

- • continue dispensing land ti- 

in accordance with the law. 

- ’ ; ^ 'ie did make one concession to 

-^business community by ex- 
- Jl’.ng a wage freeze for sax 

- " -- J'hs. 

. “ J:./o weeks ago Minister of the 

J;pmy Guillermo Diaz said that 

- Vage freeze, in effect since last 

. •-•'- 'mber, might not be coatin- 

Two military members of the 
publidy attacked him for 


Guerrillas apparently have 
tacked and trapped 300 govern¬ 
ment troops in northern ElSalva- 

To Poor Nations, Kirkpatrick Says 

U.S. Will Continue to Provide Aid 

nades at them. 

Defense Ministry spokesmen 
confirmed Thursday there have 
been heavy clashes between rebels 
and soldiers over the last two days 
along the northern edge of Chala- 
tenango province near the Hondu¬ 
ras border, but declined to give 
further details. 

The rebels were using 
homemade mortars and Chinese- 
made rocket grenades to attack 
several outposts, but did not man¬ 
age to overrun any government po¬ 
sitions, the commanders reported. 

In San Salvador, National Uni¬ 
versity medical students reported 
government security forces broke 
into their school Wednesday and 
sacked the building. The govern¬ 
ment has accused medical students 
of helping wounded guerrillas. 

United Press International 

GENEVA — Jeane J. Kirkpa¬ 
trick, the U.S. delegate to the Unit¬ 
ed Nations, has pledged that the 
Reagan administration will contin¬ 
ue to provide aid to the poorer 
countries of the world despite 
“myths" to the contrary. 

"As I understand it, three myths 
about my government have taken 
root and flourished in the period 
since November, 1980, when Presi¬ 
dent Ronald Reagan took office," 
Mrs. Kirkpatrick said in an ad¬ 
dress to the UN Economic and So¬ 
cial Council on Thursday. 

These myths, Mrs. Kirkpatrick 
said, are that the U.S. government 
“does not care about the less-de¬ 
veloped countries, does not intend 
to help them” and “has little to of¬ 
fer in any case.” 

"The new United States govern¬ 
ment not only carts about the less- 
developed areas, we are ready to 
help,” she said. Mrs. Kirkpatrick 
reminded the meeting that nearly 
one-half of all U.S. imports come 
from the developing nations. 

At a news conference later. Mrs. 
Kirkpatrick rejected suggestions 
that the United States was selec¬ 
tive in its aid to developing coun¬ 
tries, giving only to friendly na¬ 
tions. She said the United States 
made considerable financial con¬ 
tributions to multilateral agencies 
that, in turn, distributed aid to 
countries that “do not toe the line 
or are even hostile to the United 
States. But we reserve the right to 
invest aid bilaterally to countries 
where we have particular inter¬ 

Attacks Fail to Silence Pen of Argentina^ La Prensa 

- ' ^3y Edward Schumacher 

".-Si- New York Tima Service 

-■ _ ;>1EN0S AIRES — When 

- ' 'J 'ipaper columnist Manfred 
"J iVtfeld stepped from a taxi last 
' and was greeted by someone 

" ing brass knuckles, he learned 
"’ 1 l imits of press freedom in Ar- 
_ ' ; J J '-iaa. 

,.. :-r,'Shonfeld lost five teeth. Un- 
". rred, he was back at his type- 
t several days later. 

..- - - hey faded again.” wrote the 
Jy read columnist who has be- 

• 1 )ffifk boldly critical of the military 
l lznment in recent months. 

•gentine Court 
--ikes Step to 
"*ee Mrs. Peron 

Vailed Press International 

'■ ^HENOS AIRES — An Argen- 
appeals court has reduced a 
'sentence against Isabel Peron 
" ?>'•« tight to seven years, ma k in g 

"" for the immediate release of 
^.-t country’s former president 
' ; ■' v. house arrest. 

jurt sources said Thursday 
representatives went to San 
r nle, on the outskirts of Buenos 
■ ..* 's where Mrs. Peron is living at 
’. •' < unuy estate, to infonn her of 
letision. The widow of former 
ident Juan Per 6 n took power 
■^vT7A on his death. The military 
t 1" .threw her government in 1976 
»* 1 . pf arrested her. . . 

.j-ti -' 1 . rs. Peron, 50, was sentenced 
" 1 ‘ ' '-. ghl years in jafl in March for 

s tSe of the funds of a state-run 
; . ' .; J/ity. Defense lawyer Julio Ar- 
. said recently he believes that 

• ' - ../V. Peron will be released this 
. J J. th, when she completes two- 

. J -Is of the sentences against her, 
‘Jiting previous jail time. 

s. Arriola said. Mrs. Peron 
Jit go to Panama_prjdie might 
' ... ’>*•* in Aigeatina, I " “ 

-Apolitical situatif 

will continue to do so — God will- economic policies and are begin - 
ing, beginning next week — in the ning to question the military itself, 
same manner, about the same None is bolder than La Prensa, 
themes, with similar focus and whose circulation has risen from general, was angered by 

. QUt iQQ QQQ pet's charges that he had 

identical tone as before.” 

The assailants were unidentified. 
The government condemned the 
attack. It was only the latest in a 
series of incidents directed against 
Mr. Shonfeld’s anti-government 
newspaper, La Prensa. Two weeks 
ago the government removed al¬ 
most aD of its paid notices and ad¬ 

Last week, several men 
into the newsroom, ideat 

„ ... .. A .. themselves as policemen and said 

te man is wnung again. And he would return shortly to censor 

the next issue. They did not, but a 
group calling itself the New, Argen¬ 
tina Command claimed 
biliry for the intrusion and for 
attack on Mr. Shonfeld. 

Technically, No Censorship 

The military does not impose 
censorship on the press. But tinder 
the state erf siege it maintains, it 
has arrested editors for printing ar¬ 
ticles on subversive activity and 
bas banned the sale of issues erf 
magazines carrying articles 
deemed morally threatening to the 
family, or supporting Commu¬ 

More than 60 journalists have 
disappeared since the military took 
power in a coup five years qgo- 
Such disappearances have stopped 
since last year, but the other ac¬ 
tions against the press have been 
enough to produce an effective 
self-censorship. Some editors 
check with military authorities be¬ 
fore publishing questionable arti¬ 

With the exception of The Bue¬ 
nos Aires Herald, a small but in¬ 
fluential English-language paper, 
all Argentine papers, have steered 
away from reporting on disappear¬ 
ances and allegations of torture, 
consigning occasional small arti¬ 
cles on- habeas corpus suits to the 

last yean however, many 
have become increas- 

tidal of the government's 


its normal 85,000 to about 
in recent weeis. 

The paper’s tone and philosophy 
is set by Maximo Gainza, the 
fourth publisher in a family line 
that started the newspaper 113 
years ago. La Prensa staunchly de¬ 
fends civil and individual rights 
and the capitalist economy and 
has little love for military dictator¬ 

U.S. Union Asks 
Air Controllers 
To Reject Offer 

New York Timex Scmcr 

WASHINGTON — The nine- 
member executive board of the air 
traffic controllers' union has rec¬ 
ommended that the union's 15,000 
members reject the tentative con¬ 
tract that headed off a nationwide 
walkout June 22. 

Estimates by the Federal 

Aviation Administration at the 
time were that the walkout would 
ground perhaps half the nation's 
14,200 daily airline flights and 
most private aircraft operations. 

A walkout would also cause an 
estimated 5250 million in losses to 
the nation’s economy. 

The board’s action raised the 
possibility of another strike threat 
if the members accept the recom¬ 
mendation. But such a threat did 
not appear imminent since results 
of the ratification vote were not 
due to be announced until July 30 
or 31. Furthermore, the union 
might seek to reopen negotiations 
and obtain some improvements be¬ 
fore setting a strike deadline again. 

Because of the angry reaction to 
the pact by many controllers 
around the nation, and the board 
recommendation Thursday, the in¬ 
itial prediction of aviation experts 
was that the contract would in fan 
be voted down. 

The campaign against La Prensa 
beg>an when Buenos Aires Mayor 
Osvaldo Cacciatore, an Air Force 
the pa- 
been im- 

pushing through high- 
ther projects. He began 

penous tn 
way and ot 
withholding some city notices, and 
his complaints to military col¬ 
leagues found sympathy. 

La Prensa had begun to break 
with others papers 18 months ago 
when it published a list of more 
than 4,000 people who had disap¬ 
peared. One column by Mr. Shon¬ 
feld all but called military officers 
cowards for not acknowledging ri¬ 
sibility for those who nave 

When the advertisements 
stopped, Mr. Gainza sent a report¬ 
er to interview Gen. Alberto Ortiz, 
the public information secretary, 
and his comments were printed. A 
few government ads have crept 
back into the paper, and Gen. Or¬ 
tiz now denies he ever ordered 
them cut 

In the meantime, public re¬ 
sponse has been overwhelming. 
The publishers' association called 
the removal of advertising a brut¬ 
ish reaction and “an attack that 
dashes painfully with the demo¬ 
cratic sensibilities of our country." 
Readers have placed paid notices 
in the paps' to express support. 

Earthquake Strikes 
Southern Iran Area 


TEHRAN — An earthquake 
struck the area around the south¬ 
ern Iranian port city of Bandar 
Abbas on Friday morning, the Ira¬ 
nian news agency reported. 

No information was immediate¬ 
ly available on casualties or dam¬ 
age. The agency said the quake 
measured 4.8 on the Richter scale. 
Iran’s last major earthquake, in the 
southeastern province of Kerman, 
killed more than 1,000 people on 
June II, the agency said. It de¬ 
stroyed the town of Golbaf. and 
measured 6.8 on the Richter scale. 

Otto Danner 

Donner, 79, the World Bank’s ex¬ 
ecutive director for Germany for 
14 years before retiring in 1968, 
died Tuesday. He had suffered 
from a heart ailment. 

Reagan Would Like 
Democrats to Defect 

General News 
Also on Page 9 

their 1984 rules. So the Hunt'Com- 
mission. as the Democratic panel 
will be called, has clearer authori¬ 
ty. The commission is to make its 
report to the Democratic National 
Committee by next spring so that 
state legislatures will have time to 
deal with the changes it recom¬ 
mends before the 1984 campaign. 

As authority for the party to en¬ 
force its rules on the states, Mr. 
Manatt and Mr. Hunt both cited 
the Supreme Court's recent deci¬ 
sion upholding the party's power 
to outlaw the Wisconsin primary 
because it was not confined to de¬ 
clared Democrats. 

The issue of the duration of the 
campaign presents one of the thor¬ 
niest potential conflicts with 
states, such as Iowa and New 
Hampshire, which cherish the in¬ 
fluence they exert by coming early 
in the process. However, Mr. 
Manatt said that there was wide¬ 
spread agreement on the need to 
“shorten the seemingly endless 
preconvention system." 

Party-Sponsored Polls 

Mr. Hunt said another move 
that he favored would be to ban 
party-sponsored straw polls, events 
that got the presidential campaign 
out of generalities and into gei- 
cmt-ihe-vote efforts as early as Sep¬ 
tember. 1979. 

Opposition to moves to curtail 
the campaign may come from par¬ 
ticularly affected states. But the is¬ 
sue of increasing the influence of 
elected officials may re-ignite the 
liberal-vers us-organization 
disputes that have often wracked 
the party. 

Mr. Manatt and Mr. Hunt both 
said Thursday that they favored 
making all Democratic members 
of Congress and governors, at 
least, automatic delegates to the 
presidential nominating conven¬ 

Mr. Hunt said that if elected 
Democrats participated, they 
would make greater efforts both tc 
elect the parly's nominee and tc 
help him govern if elected. 

The 69-member commission 
larger than any of its predecessor: 
at their inception, contains repre¬ 
sentatives of almost every discerni¬ 
ble element in the parly. The com¬ 
mission’s first meeting is to be ir. 
August. Mr. Hunt said. 

George Voskovec, 
Character Actor, 
Dies at 76 in N.Y. 

New York Tunes Service 

NEW YORK — George Vosko¬ 
vec, 76, best known for his charac¬ 
ter roles on the New York stage, 
died Wednesday. 

He was bom in Czechoslovakia 
and in the prewar period became 
half of the successful comedy team 
of Voskovec and Werich. Thar sa¬ 
tirical reviews and plays, aimed at 
Nazism, forced Mr. Voskovec to 
leave in 1939 for the United States, 
where he performed in scores of 
Broadway and off-Broadway roles. 
In 1956, Mr. Voskovec received an 
Obie for his off-Broadway per¬ 
formance in the title role of “Un¬ 
cle Vanya.” _ 

Frederick Edward Walch 
PARIS (I HD — Frederick Ed¬ 
ward Walch. 77, a former vice 
president of W.R. Grace in New 
York and retired managing direc¬ 
tor of the firm in Europe, died 

By Jack Nelson 

Los Angeles Times Service 

WASHINGTON — President 
Reagan, hoping io pull off a major 
political coup, has privately dis¬ 
cussed with aides the possibility of 
persuading some Southern Demo¬ 
cratic congressmen who support 
his economic program to bolt their 
party and become Republicans. 

Mr. Reagan believes that even 
one defection among the 21 South¬ 
ern Democrats who have support¬ 
ed him on all seven House votes on 
the budget would be a significant 
symbolic blow to his opponents 
and might persuade other Demo¬ 
crats to change parties, according 
to sources familiar with his think¬ 

“The president's one big wish is 
that he could get at least one Dem¬ 
ocrat in the House to change par¬ 
ties before the 1982 elections,” a 
White House aide said. “The other 
day he was talking about it and 
said, ‘Why don't they just coxne on 
over?’ " 

Although it is a sensitive politi¬ 
cal matter, at least three senior 
White House aides — Max L. 
Friedersdorf, David R. Geigen 
and Lyn Nofziger — have publicly 
alluded to the possibility that some 
of the Southerners might be per¬ 
suaded to either bolt the Demo¬ 
cratic Party outright or at least 
vote with Republicans to choose a 
GOP House Speaker. 

Texan Welcome 

Mr. Reagan has not mentioned 
the matter publicly, although in a 
June 25 speech in Los Angeles he 
made a passing suggestion that 
Rep. Phil Gramm, a Texas Demo¬ 
crat and one of his staunchest sup¬ 
porters, might want to “come on 

Referring to reports that Demo¬ 
cratic chairman Charles T. Man¬ 
ual! had suggested it was too bad 
that Rep. Gramm could not be ex¬ 
pelled from the party because of 
his unqualified support for Mr. 
Reagan, the president said: 

“1 can’t advise Mr. Gramm what 
to do, but 1 want to assure him 
this: There are millions of Demo¬ 
crats, Republicans and independ¬ 
ents who support what he does. 
They don’t like the idea of partisan 
threats and I do advise him. having 
been a Democrat once myself ... 
come on over, the water’s fine.” 

Mr. Reagan, a Democrat for 
many years, campaigned with 
Democrats for Nixon in 1960, then 
changed his party registration to 
Republican in January. 1962. 

Rep. Gramm, co-author of the 
Gramm-Latta budget measure em¬ 
braced by Mr. Reagan and passed 
by the House last week, called Mr. 
Reagan's comment “nothing more 
than a goodwill gesture" and said 
he had no plans to switch parties. 

Talk Is Cheap' 

However, Rep. Gramm, a leader 
o[ the Conservative Democratic 
Forum, which bas provided Mr. 
Reagan with a balance of power in 
the House, added: “There is a limit 
to which I'm going to allow myself 

to be slapped down. Talk is cheap, 
but I would re-evaluate my posi¬ 
tion if I became the whipping boy 
for the Democrats in deeds as well 
as words." 

Whether Rep. Gramm or any of 
tiie other conservative Democrats 
would go so far as to renounce 
their party and run as a Republi¬ 
can in 1982 is another mailer. 

“That's a very big step for a pol¬ 
itician to make and it’s such a sen¬ 
sitive matter that I wouldn't even 
approach them about it," said Mr. 

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Friedersdorf. Mr. Reagan’s con¬ 
gressional liaison assistant. “If 
they came to me and asked me 
about it, 1 would encourage them 
to do it." 

Mr. Friedersdorf said that some 
of the Southerners might consider 
switching parties if it appeared 
that the Republicans were likely to 
win —or come close to winning — 
control of the House in 1982. Die 
GOP needs to gain 26 seats to win 

Mr. Gergen. the president’s as¬ 
sistant for communciations, agreed 
that switching parties would be 
more attractive to the Southerners 
if the GOP appeared to be beaded 
for House control next year. But 
he noted that not since the Frank¬ 
lin D. Roosevelt administration in 
the 1934 elections had a party oc¬ 
cupying the White House made a 
net gain in House seals. 

EEC Aids 7 Asian Nations 

The Associated Press 

BRUSSELS — The European 
Economic Community announced 
Friday grants of S3_3 million to 
Pakistan for potable water for Af¬ 
ghan refugees, S2.7 million to 
Thailand toward construction of 
an agricultural center and S3.4 mil¬ 
lion to the five Association erf 
South East Asian Nations for sci¬ 
entific and technical assistance. 

Japan To Study 
U.S l Request for 
Arms Knotc-How 

The Associated Press 

TOKYO — Premier Zenko 
Suzuki said Friday that his govern¬ 
ment will study a U.S. request for 
Japan’s advanced military technol¬ 
ogy after the Defense Agency di¬ 
rector general, Joji Omura. returns 
from talks in Washington. 

Japan's Kyodo News Service re¬ 
ported Thursday that ihe U.S. sec¬ 
retary of defense, Caspar W. Wein¬ 
berger. had asked Mr. Omura for 
Japan's advanced electronic and 
communication technologies for 
the U.S. armed forces. 

Chief Cabinet secretary Kiichi 
Miyazawa said Thursday that posi¬ 
tive consideration should he given 
to the U.S. request. The minister of 
international trade and industry. 
Rokusuke Tanaka, took a cautious 
stand Friday. 

The U.S. request is based on the 
1954 Japanese-U.S. agreement on 
mutual defense assistance, but 
there was speculation that the re¬ 
quest might run afoul of Japan’s 
law banning arms exports to Com¬ 
munist nations and countries that 
are involved in or ought become 
involved in international warfare. 

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Published Tt»e New Tfark lliiint and The Wawhinfclon Po*rt 

Page 4 Saturday-Sunday, Joly 4-5,1981 * 

Progress in Lebanon 

Something st unning may be happening in 
Lebanon, which has suffered enough to de¬ 
serve iL In the first instance, the threat of a 
war there between Israel and Syria has sub¬ 
stantially receded. In the second, the outlines 
of a process conceivably leading to a recon¬ 
ciliation of the long-warring factions within 
the country are coming into view. If it all 
sounds tentative and uncertain, it is. It’s 
promising, too. 

The big new event is the peaceful breaking 
of the Syrian siege of Zahle. This is the Chris¬ 
tian town in eastern Lebanon that, three 
months ago, bid to become the spark of a 
major conflict. The other day the Arab 
League successfully arranged for the defend¬ 
ing Phalangist militiam en to be replaced by 
Lebanese government security forces. This 
lets the Christians claim they saved the city 
and the Syrians claim they nipped an Israeli- 
backed Christian power play. It clears the 
way for Syria's removal of the missiles it em-. 
placed to protect its besieging forces, and for 
Israel's lifting of its threat to knock out those 
missiles. It establishes a formula — replacing 
private foreign-connected armies with offi¬ 
cial Lebanese forces — that can perhaps be 
extended to divided Beirut now and to other 
danger zones later. It starts to lower the 

strictly military obstacles to a fresh attempt 
by the Christian and Moslem communities to 
reconstitute a united Lebanon. 

No one could have predicted three months 
ago that the crisis would take this turn. The 
prime credit must go to the Arab mediators, 
especially Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. They 
managed to break out of their customary 
leave-it-to-Syria detachment from Lebanon 
and to take the political risk of attempting to 
set up a new, broader Arab framework. The 
sense of fatalism verging on indifference that 
has often and lamentably characterized the 
Arab attitude toward Lebanon seems to have 
been broken, at least temporarily. 

The Reagan administration has, after a 
rough start, played the crisis with finesse. It 
used its standing in Israel and perhaps the 
extra claim on Israeli attention it gained after 
the Israeli raid in Iraq, to persuade Mena- 
chem Begin not to pre-empt diplomacy by 
prematurely attacking the Syrian missiles. 
Ambassador Philip Habib shuttled skillfully 
around the area, leaving it properly unclear 
whether he was deftly putting hands on or 
just as deftly taking hands off. In the time 
thus bought, the Arab League did the work 
in which, fortunately, it is still engaged. 


Irresolution in Israel 

Even if Menachem Begin pastes together a 
new Israeli government, it may not last In 
their democratic way, the Israelis have nei¬ 
ther repudiated nor vindicated Mr. Begin, 
□either elected nor rejected the Labor alter¬ 
native led by Shimon Peres. For a distressed 
economy, they have refused to choose be¬ 
tween conservatism and socialism. To defuse 
the Palestinian population bomb in the West 
Bank, they have failed to endorse either ab¬ 
sorption and confrontation or partition and 

Democracy can be like that, promising not 
wise or efficient government, just an honest 
count However great the dismay among Is¬ 
rael’s friends or the comfort to its enemies, 
its next regime mil represent a nation for¬ 
midably aimed but politically irresolute. The 
combination will not soon diminish tensions. 

Israel's peace with Egypt will probably 
survive, but not securely till the Palestinian 
problem is finally faced. Mr. Begin would 
probably prefer to dictate rather than negoti¬ 
ate a solution that leaves Israel sovereign in 
the West Bank. Forced to bid for minor-par¬ 
ty support, and then to govern with a precari¬ 
ous majority, neither Mr. Begin nor Mr. 
Peres could be diplomatically venturesome. 
Americans longing for a clarifying mandate 
must defer their hopes. 

The right response is easy to define but 
horrendously difficult to manage. As Presi¬ 
dent Sadat has shown, the way to open Is¬ 
raelis' hearts and minds is, oh so belatedly, to 
welcome them as neighbors —while insisting 
that they trade territory for real security and 
palpable American guarantees. 

One can berate Mr. Begin for betraying 
the Camp David promise to the West Bank. 
One can bemoan the failure of Israeli voters 
to rebel against the effort to absorb that 

area’s fast-growing Arab population. But 
then what? The more isolated the Israelis 
feel the more defiant they become. It is the 
Masada complex from which they need to be 
rescued, and in ways that applaud more than 
military prowess. 

In this rescue, the United States retains a 
special obligation. It needs stronger ties with 
key Arab nations without diluting its com¬ 
mitment to defend the Israeli heartland. 

Arabs will charge duplicity, but they need 
firm reminders that their attempts to destroy 
Israel are what produced its present state of 
mind. Israelis, too, will charge betrayal. They 
need reminders that specious annexations 
cannot define the boundaries of either Israeli 
security or American interest What is wrong 
with ideas Eke selling Awacs to Saudi Arabia 
is that thery make these competing American 
objectives irreconcilable. 

Can President Reagan manage such a sub¬ 
tle policy? Not if he really t hinks the Soviet- 
American competition is paramount in the 
Middle East The fears and resentments there 
lie much nearer home. That understood, 
there may be time for maneuver. 

The unambiguously good news on Israel's 
election day was the first sign of a deal to lift 
the siege of Zahle, in Lebanon, with the 
Saudis helping Americans to dispel the Syr- 
ian-Israeli missile crisis. Also helpful was 
President Mitterrand's display of a new 
French enthusiasm for the Camp David ac¬ 
cords, ending a European tilt against Israel 

Mr. Reagan’s style and outlook can com¬ 
mand the respect of Israeli hard-liners. As 
they ding to office, he has to persuade and, 
yes, force them to confront the large dangers 
that their polities invite. 


Congressional Schedule 

The Reagan administration is about a third 
of the way through its budget-and-tax agenda 
for this astonishing year. Its program has ac¬ 
quired tremendous momentum in its victo¬ 
ries over the Democrats in the House, and 
the most difficult passages may already be 
behind it. But, to follow the intricate 
maneuvering now in progress, it is useful to 
keep the next six months' schedule in mind. 

In terms of congressional politics, the ad¬ 
ministration’s support is a not completely 
stable mixture of several kinds of people and 
doctrines. There are the orthodox fiscal con¬ 
servatives, who give first priority to. a bal¬ 
anced budget. But a budget can be balanced 
by higher taxes, as well as by lower spending. 
There are the people who believe in smaller 
government as a matter of principle. And 
there are the people who simply want lower 
taxes, regardless of the deficit The White 
House strategy is designed to keep all of 
these people enthusiastically together. 

Early last spring, the fiscal conservatives 
imposed on Reagan the condition that 
spending would have to come down before 
taxes could be cut That is why the messy pile 
of legislation known as the reconciliation bill 
had to come first Both houses have now 
passed it When Congress resumes session af¬ 
ter the Fourth of July, final enactment w01 
probably be quick and relatively easy. 

Then comes the tax bQl and that will be 
harder. In the House, it is still in the Ways 
and Means Committee. The president is ex¬ 
tremely anxious to get it passed before Con¬ 
gress departs on its August recess. This is not 
only a matter of m aintaining momentum. 
The tax bill has to be finished before mid- 
September, when Congress takes up the sec¬ 

ond budget resolution with its legally binding 
limit on the deficit. By Labor Day it will be 
evident that the administration’s economic 
forecasts last spring were too optimistic and 
its estimate of the deficit has been too low. If 
Congress is required to focus on that unwel¬ 
come reality while it is still working on the 
tax bin, the administration risks losing the 
fiscal conservatives. The administration has 
to get the tax legislation safely locked up be¬ 
fore the deficit question wakes up in Septem¬ 
ber and climbs out of its cage again. 

The administration's strategy is to use the 
tax reduction as the forcing mechanism to 
compel continuing reductions of the budget. 
Once the tax bill is law, the only way to con¬ 
trol the deficit is through spending cuts — 
which bold the coalition together through the 
final stage of the year’s work. 

The Reagan program requires well over 
S50 billion of spending cuts. The reconcilia¬ 
tion bill accounts for about S38 billion. The 
rest could come from routine shaving of ap¬ 
propriations, but it doesn’t look as though 
that is going to be enough. So a bill in the fall 
will likely seek further cuts in Social Security 
— probably a version of the bill thut the ad¬ 
ministration hastily introduced in May. 

As you follow the final enactment of the 
reconciliation bill in the next few weeks, re¬ 
member that, while it includes very large 
budget reductions, it is not the full Est for 
this year. There is more to come. As you fol¬ 
low the struggle over the tax bill later this 
month, remember that — not only in the ad¬ 
ministration’s version but in the Democrats’ 
as well — it implies and requires more budg¬ 
et-cutting later this year. 


In the International Edition 

Seventy-Five Years Ago 

July 4,1906 

NEW YORK—Counsel for Mr. Harry Thaw, the 
young Pittsburgh millionaire who shot Mr. Stan¬ 
ford White, the architect, announced today that 
they would let the prisoner’s original plea of not 
guilty stand. Some stir was caused by the publi¬ 
cation »rUiv' f William Bedford, Mr. 

London, as |Q make tn * 

jAt.Tn** 0 

Fifty Years Ago 

PARIS — The Franco-American negotiations in 
Paris for the reconciliation of the French views 
with the terms of the Hoover proposal for the 
suspension of debt payments resulted in agree¬ 
ment in principle last tight. The ISSth anniver¬ 
sary of Independence Day had just been ushered 
in when Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mel¬ 
lon and Ambassador Walter E. Edge emerged 
smiling from the French premier's salon in the 
Ministry of the Interior. M. Franccas-Poncet, the 
French under-secretary of national economy, 
read a communique giving a brief resume of the 
terms of the agreement, and Indicating that the 
United States and France were in virtually com* 
plete agreement. 


An Image Digs In 

P RUSALEM — The opposition made 
d rama tic gains, the result was just 
about a dead neat, the next government 
will have only a narrow majority. But the 
world should not be distracted by those 
Hamilc of Israel's election. What matters is 
that Menachem Bean is almost certain to 
remain in power. It could matter a very 
great deal. 

Four years ago Begin came in as an out¬ 
rider, and he was concerned to bolster his 
legitimacy - He formed a broad coalition 
including centrist dements. He grou 
around him such moderate figures as 
Wemnan and Moshe Dayan, and a la 1 
who was crucial at Camp David and 
went on the Israeli Supreme Court, 
Aharon Barak. 


Those pragmatic characters are all gone 
>w. The next Begin government is likely 

Begin government is likely 
to be more ideological in nature. It wifi 

stand on a narrower base: Begin’s own 
rightist Likud movement and the religious 
parties, which are concerned mainly to 
impose even more of their theocratic rule 
on a population that is predo min antly sec¬ 
ular in outlook. 

A key man to watch will be Arid 
Sharon, the ambitious former general who 
as FnmiMw of agriculture bos been in 
charge of building settlements in the occu¬ 
pied territories. He wants to be minister of 
defense, a position second only to prime 
minister in Israel That prospect worries 
even some ranking Likud figures, who re¬ 
gard Sharon as unscrupulous and anti¬ 

What happens in the occupied territo¬ 
ries, especially the West Bank, could be a 
particularly significant consequence of a 
second Begin government. Many students 
of the area believe that present policy, if 
continued foe several more years, would 
lead to a de facto political and economic 

By Anthony Lewis 

absorption of the West Bank into Israel 
that would be hard to end by any imagi¬ 
nable diplomatic process. 

The settlements are vital in that regard. 
At first they were dismissed as so small in 
population that they would not be a se¬ 
rious obstacle to a territorial settlement 
with Jordan or the Palestinians. They no 
longer are. There are 22,000 settlers, they 
are organized into reserve military units 
and they have small arms and some heavy 
weapons. Many would fight a government 
that would order them to leave. 

“We used to laugh at those settlements 
as empty gestures, an advocate of ex¬ 
panding the Camp David peace process 
said. "Not now. The most you can he 
for is to cot the economic subsidies—1 
millions of dollars drained from the 
et and from American aid to give 
settlers cheap housing and other incen¬ 
tives. Four more years and it really wifi be 

Continuing occupation and settlement 
of the West Bank could affect the peace 
with Egypt. At Camp David, Begin agreed 
to “full autonomy" for the Palestinians. 

He has interpreted the agreement as an 
unlimited licrnsc to impose his will on the 
West Bati k, That is politically devastating 
to President Sadat, in effect co nfirmi ng 
the charges of his Arab critics that his 
ive Israel a free hand on its other 

Sadat is in an awkward position. He 
does not want to do anything that might 
wnriangcr return of the last slice of the 
Sinai, scheduled to take place next April 
But his own regime's stability could be at 
risk if he does not eventually speak out 
against Begin’s distortion of Camp David 
to legitimize indefinite Israeli 
over other occupied territory. 

The hiding Israeli thinker on strategic 
questions. Got. Ychoshafat Harkabt, a 
former chief of mfixtary intelligence, sees a 
deeper danger. That is psychologies dis¬ 
integration of the Egyptian treaty that 
means so much to Israel - 
'The peace cannot really go deep into 
Egyptian society,” Hatkabi said, “so long 
as the disagreement about the West Bank 
goes onTwe have missed a great opportu¬ 
ne ty to our image m Egypt. The 

H c kffp^g. the use we have made of Camp 
David, confirm their image of- -us as 

ing, his self-pity.' Ins pedantry; fair dema¬ 
gogy, his crude abuse of anyone who <hsa» v l 

UL UW • 

Beyond Egypt there is the danger of Is- 
net’s estrangement from the world, even 
from the United States. Foreign leaders of 
all kind* are tired of Begin: of his hector- 

est American friends of Isra^ are pained 
by the man and fearful that he will in' 
crease Israel's isolation!X-. 

The just-ended campaign highlighted 
the dan ger s d his methods. He used-grave 
security issues for political teiis; He court-; 
ed economic disaster for Isnel by giving 
the voters cheap bread and gasoline and 
television sets.. 

The world has to face the facLthal fais . 
tactics worked. Half tbe lsraeHs evidently 
admire the' brazen quality that fdragn 
statesmen reseal- in Begin: “He" doesn’t 
turn the other cheek, " an admuretsaKLIhi’ 
Israel as elsewhere, good start-inn politics / 
can be bad for the country. . 

019 SJ. The Sen York Timex I? ' : * 

Detente, Deterrence 

■ ft- 

Uke sex in Victorian England, 
political parity is unspeakable . 

Two Views From America 

With the arms of devastation already in 

it tcould be folly to race the 

By Stephen F. Cohen 

The writer is professor of politics 
at Princeton University and a mem¬ 
ber of the American Committee on 
East-West Accord. He wrote this ar¬ 
ticle for The New York Times. 



it power with 
interests — that 


the Soviet Union has attained po¬ 
litical parity with the United States 
world affi 

^^"EW YORK —The question is 

fateful and urgent: Why is 
detente — the only sane alterna¬ 
tive in the nuclear age — in deep 
crisis or even, as hard-line critics 
rqoice, dead? More generally, why 
has every attempt to normalize 
U-S.-Scmet relations, a process be¬ 
gun by Dwight Eisenhower and 
Nikita Khrushchev in the mid-. 
1950s, collapsed in political disre¬ 
pute, with diplomat giving way to 
militarization of foreign pokey, 
weapons control to the pursuit of 
strategic superiority, trade to em¬ 
bargoes. cultural exchange to os¬ 

A dangerous consensus in 
America claims to answer these 
questions for the 1980s and to jus¬ 
tify resurgent Cdd War attitudes 
among Reagan Republicans and 
liberal Democrats alike. It insists 
that Washington tried detente in 
good faith in the *70s under Rich¬ 
ard Nixon, Gerald Ford and Jim¬ 
my Carter, and that the Soviet Un¬ 
ion betrayed the United States. 
Moscow, it is said, covertly “vio¬ 
lated" detente by building up its 
military power throughout the 
"70s. and then “killed detente” by 
invading Afghanistan in 1979. 

Neither part of the postmortem 
really explains the crisis of detente. 
The Soviet Union did build up its 
conventional and strategic weap¬ 
ons in the "70s and thus became a 
more powerful adversary. But that 
development grew out of the long¬ 
standing and loudly proclaimed 
Soviet goal of achieving military 
with the United States, 
was hardly a deception or a 

in world atfairs? 

Plainly, the United States, un¬ 
like most nations, has not yet 
learned to live with that geopoliti¬ 
cal historical fact. Enthralled by 
64 years of anti-Sovietism and by a 
long history of bong the only su¬ 
perpower, many U.S. leaders and 
substantial segments of public 
■* in seeing the Soviet 

out any legitimate political status 
or entitlement in the world. 

Americans do not even discuss 
the parity principle openly. It re* 
mains, like sex in Victorian Eng¬ 
land, a forbidden, repugnant sub¬ 
ject But it is this unwillingness to 
concede political parity that re¬ 
peatedly causes U.5. diplomacy to 
succumb to militaristic policies, as 
acceptance of the necessity of mili¬ 
tary parity succumbs to the chim¬ 
era of superiority, and episodes of 
detente succumb to cold war. 

In Moscow, the problem of pari¬ 
ty is different but closely related. 
Now that the Soviet Union has fi¬ 
nally caught up with the United 
States, it must learn to live with 
the novel political responsibilities 
of military parity- Will the Soviet 
leadership realize that military par- 

The writer was lArrny chief of staff . 
in the Eisenhower administration 
and chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff in the Kennedy and Johnson 
administrations. He wrote this arti¬ 
cle far The Washington Post. 

W ASHINGTON — In the de¬ 
bate over the needs of U.S. 
strategic farces, one controversial 
question is always at least implicit: 
Does the United Stales have forces 
capable of deterring the Russians 
from initiating nudear war? 

From the Eisenhower through 
the Johnson administrations, there 
was little doubt about the credibili¬ 
ty and indispensability of deter¬ 
rent effectiveness. It was credible 
because UJS. forces were dearly 
able to destroy the Soviet Union as 
a viable nation. It was indispensa¬ 
ble because, after rite Russians had 
acquired intercontinental 
it was.generally accepted that stra¬ 
tegic war would be mutually sui¬ 
cidal and that no defensive means, 
passive or active, existed that 
could make it less so. 

Not only were defensive mea¬ 
sures viewed as futile, but damage 
control was equally unpromising. 
One could never hope to foresee 
where and how to stockpile 
reserves of food, water, med i ci ne s, 
hospital beds, firefighting equip¬ 
ment and the like needed to deal 
simultaneously with hundreds of 
regional disasters. 

By Maxwell D. Taylor 

it (o achieve political 
Goal to the nation. In 

ETOfftef ;• i > y-to Si 


any migor strategic exchange, the 
reciprocal damage would create 
conditions that would make victo- 
ty and defeat virtually indistin¬ 
guishable, save perhaps, that 4be 
victors might survive a bit-longer 
than the vanquished. 

In recent years tft 
loss of 

defense. Thus they wonldhavfe no, 
reason ib resort to nuclear weajHMf 
ons for their protection*;:! v 
. Second, from tbar;Wbrid'Wmra 
Q experience, their leados knowlfeP 11 


there has been * 
progressive loss of faith .in the 
doctrine of mutual assured: de¬ 
struction, winch critics detisivdy 
call MAD. There is fairly broad 
acceptance of the possibility of a : 
limited strategic attack couce ntra t- : 
ed on a limited target such as silo- 
based ICBMs, a contingency in¬ 
voked to justify-the needr for the 
new MX missile. 

can be. They also know m«dear jg 
war would be manytime* moresbtVido 
—' tiiat they wotikl/tefejib a £e*jdiit 
-boors more than-they lost fa.fodr^ [, 

’•^Thb^i^ could npt^affordJe^^ 
fight or even “win”a strategic w»JJJ 
with the Uniieff^Stat^^in.doiag) 
so, their losses would io paialy2t^ a i 
the nation as-to make it ercyprey 11 

To nearby erientife .-^wtdviB Kady is i s 
to .take 7 advantage of a ■stricken®na] 
bean Chinese, Afghani /lurks, gj, the 
Germans criTTdes beyorattTfee So- ^ q 

wma reissue. ... ; viet boKtavand 

It is also widely asserted that de- . noritire WitMnv; 4'-:.;. r .; : \f- 
terrence is a dubious goal for US. • ^ 

strategic forcer because Soviet re2- ■ Kremlin ; fcadexa: ihdkatiB>'^tf!et^ m 

VA nVvt. 

iuxy writers never : mention the 
word m dxscosanfr strategic doct¬ 
rine. They make no sharp distinc¬ 
tion bctwxn conventional and nu¬ 
clear warfare, as Americans do, 
and seem to expect to use both nu¬ 
clear and conventional weapons in 
any combination, as needed any¬ 
where from the battlefront to the 
heartland of the enemy. By using 
such blended military means, al¬ 
though expecting heavy losses, 
they seemingly anticipate ultimate, 
victory pretty much as it was won 
against Germany in World War.IL- 

treme. reluctance .to im .urinere^.^“ 
sary risks. particulariy If thrir£&* s t 

safer way to gain the desheAetid ^® 1 
In this case they have sucbaraF .® 5 ,c 
tentative ~ to ride the tide pF!liw>“" 
present .favorable correlation"- 0 T « 
forces, increasing its nkaOcatraB l 11 
when possible and exploiting evoy vll 
opportunity to further weakeartbei 
united: States and _its>i 
moderate, course wooldl jjot 


mate victory to^the ti 
the Marxist-Leninist 

violation of detente. 

VIE ARE SEEitfg The 
££ 6 /HNiM 6 OF THE EfAD 


No one seriously expected the 
Soviet Union to accept as perma¬ 
nent its military inferiority of the 
’60s: indeed, the inevitable advent 
of rough military equivalence be¬ 
tween the superpowers was always 
a basic premise. Nor did the inva¬ 
sion of Afghanistan, which was 
reckless and indefensible for other 
reasons, create the crisis of 
detente. The crisis existed well be¬ 
fore 1979, and the United States 
contributed significantly to it by 
violations of earlier detente prom¬ 
ises to Moscow — for example, 
promises of mosi-favored-nation 
status in trade and credits, of rati¬ 
fication of SALT-2, and of an 
evenhanded policy toward China. 

Untenable postmortems, exag¬ 
gerated estimates of the “Soviet 
menace” and professed outrage 
over Soviet conduct that frequent¬ 
ly resembles U.S. conduct actually 
conceal the deeper cause of the 
chronic crises of detente. That un¬ 
derlying cause—intuitively under¬ 
stood but almost never stated — is 
the issue of poiitical, not mfiitary, 
parity, or what may be called the 
parity principle. It exists cm both 
sides, in somewhat different form, 
as the fundamentally unresolved 
problem in UJS.-Soviel relations. 

For the United Slates, the parity 
prictple involves one essential 
question: Can Americans acknowl¬ 
edge to themselves that the Soviet 
Union, whether they like the Sovi¬ 
et political system or not, has be- 

the inevitable collapse vof; capital-": 
ism from its internal: weaknesses 7 
and contradictions. lt would bean r 

ideological triumph of^wjuade^ jr" 
able worth. • .. r-v " Vj * 

icy is all that is reasonably needed 
for national security, or will it, 
even out of the long habit of 
“catching up.” continue to build 
more and more weapons? And will 
the Soviet Union use its new mili¬ 
tary equality with political re¬ 
straint, or will it overreact and in¬ 
tervene around the world, as the 
United Slates often did during the 
30 years of UJS. supremacy after 
World Warn? 

Critical historic decisions about 
parity most be made in both coun¬ 
tries. What one decides wifi influ¬ 
ence the other. That is the real 
perilous “linkage" in U^.-Soviet 
relations. If the aim is to help 
achieve stable detente, Americans 
must start by deciding among 
themselves, publicly and candidly, 
where they stand on the principle 

of political parity. 

Even if there were warning of at¬ 
tack, how could senior government 
officials be relocated without dos¬ 
ing down government itself? How 
could urban populations be evacu¬ 
ated without creating nationwide 
panic? How could industry be 
dispersed at a time when all com¬ 
munications might be Wotted oat 
by nuclear explosions? After the 
attack, how could authorities pot 
out fires, restore order and ke 
survivors alive while disposing 
minions of dead? 

Unable to answer such 
lions, most of my contempc 
concluded, as I did and do,, rim 
there is no conceivable way. erf 
hedging adequately against a fail¬ 
ure of deterrence. We are not deal¬ 
ing with war in any rational 
Clausewitzian sense — the use of 
military force as another means for 


The apparent existence of such a 
war-fighting concept among Soviet 
leaders has convinced a consider¬ 
able number of American experts 
on the subject that UJS. strategic 
forces are grossly inadequate for 
deterrtnee. They urge a drasti c in¬ 
crease in the strategic forces to re¬ 
inforce their visible strength, and 
call to. measures similar to the 
Russians* for hedging the 

fafiure of deterrence aarffor fight-, 
ing a unclear war to a finish, 

I am unconvinced by these anou- 
raents. In fact,! firmly bdkvemal 
it should be easier ?o deter the 
Rirtwan s • bum mrfmw mndear 
war than ii would be to thean to 
deter the United States. 

In ihe fizst place; the Russians 
have superior conventional forces 
dose to virtually all of their na- 
thmal interests that might require 

If the f 

sound, the probobffity Ufa 
ate Soviet attack KWdremdy Jow 
and the posabfiity of eCfectiug.ihi- 
during deterrence -visy iugfe/But 
even, so, the Umted States should 
never cease its efforts toin^jrove 
the quality and survivability or its 
forces, particulariy. thw-coo^nand « 
and e mwfnnn^rf ^ ^ /cy yftuti^ ' and . *rf 
thus assure continued 'mafimiza- tt,B * 
tion of their deterrent potential. ■ 

The size and numbers' tif their 
- weaponswould be determmid.ntk 
Inr'what the Russians have; by '■ 
the. weapons needed foTdestroy lt 
enough targets to cause:Sonet 

With an arsenal of suifiirSudity 
to assure detemoc^it wdiikl' be 
folly to rare the R 
fa numbers of weapons or tetwaste 
lire finite resources available' for 
national defense-: in ; -.profligate 
bodgin g against the failure-of do- 
icrrencc. The United Slates rah 

pose. ln s^n^^unK the ooflNfcn- 





ticaial: forces necessary to defend 
its essential kuaesis overseas, cur¬ 
rently beyond the - -smifpdr twig 


Letters . imen ded for 

xoihe Editor* arid owl include 
die writings address cend stow-; 

' f - liters /7uw. . : 6e . 
We are. matte-fit' 

ihe vfei« fif renders wfo stifirnfr 
than. ‘ ■' 

—- ~ . -i: 


Luebecker hxns 

As a Liibedter once removed 
(my mother grew up there), I was 
glad that two of the city’s restau¬ 
rants were included in “German 
Inns for Outings” (IHT, June 27- 
28). I don’t know, however, why 
John Dorn berg wrote that the 
Schobbdhaus might be “too syn¬ 
thetic to count as historic,” espe¬ 
cially when he also said that “the 
Buddenbrooks house still stands.” 
The latter is a bank — with only a 
plaque commemoraiing Thomas 

Mann’s Nobd Prize in the foyer — 
and nothing wifi persuade its care¬ 
taker that you really want to see 
the rest of the house. The former 
boasts a balcony chock-full of 
Mann memorabilia, and the 
merest hint of interest to the Herr 
Ober prompts an invitation to 
have a leisurely look. 

1 hope the &habbdhaus still has 
its “gin soup." Nothing synthetic 
about it. 




Jota Ray Whitney 


Kattarfae Graham AiteOdnSrizberger 


LeeW. Hodrner ; 

Walter N-Wefe 

Robert X McCabe 

•i ■ 

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MiNtninn —i fViiii■*!*Hf|i W H 1^,1 

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*y uwl« wi mmiu m nmai vta***. m «e m mm >*. 
C wM aaftmaWaM Bi ■ 

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jty 4-5, 2961 

Page 5W 




rancis Ford 
Has a Better Idea 

by Terry Gross 

' ONTREUX, Switzerland — Frau¬ 
ds Ford Coppola has just finished 
ending a lot of money on an ex¬ 

“How much?” he was asked at a recent con- 
’ ferenoe here on future uses of video in televi- 
motion pictures and industry. 




“$2 3 million.” His new film, “One from the 
Heart,” an experiment using video techniques 
make a film, set him. back $23 million. The 
lAmerican director puts a hand to his forehead 
and feigns a swoon. 


i rt’Q/Jy ^ y On has last film. the Vieinam epic “Apoca¬ 

lypse Now,” Francis Ford Coppola dropped 
t *33*5 million, spent more than a year in the 
fi^Philippines shooting, endured a typhoon with 
• cast and crew, watched his leading star be hos- 
r pitahzed after a heart attack. And now he 

feigns a swoon at $23 minion — spent on a 
\ .film made in the relative security of a sunny 
•- : Hollywood backloL 

Although he spends a lot of it, money is no 
■ v - - game to the Academy Award-winning director 

- ;of “Apocalypse” ^nd “The Godfather I and 
" -* His pioneering work in video is designed 

“ in the tong run to save him time and money — 

in the long run to save him time and money 
' -;and in Hollywood, time is money; money, 
j- time. Video can be edited in one-third the time 
- “ 1 —and at half the cost—of a“nonnaT film. 

. .T? 2 “One from the Heart” is Coppola’s first 
'; ~ -movie shot using video, ft is, he explains, “a 
■simple film about romantic love, jealousy and 
. * -sex/ Starring Frederick Forrest, Ten Garr, 
r ‘ -Nastassia Kinski and Raoul Julia, it will be 
• released in the United States on OcL 9. 

. .‘-v It is a steamy, sultry Las Vegas musical, an 
emotional, dagger-in-Ae-heart period piece, in 
..."~ L which the period is the present. 

< ~ It is $23 million worth of evanescent laagh- 
.. .' - ter and tears, lights and honky-tonk-that may 
, look a-lot like a movie but is really an expen- 
. ‘. ^ meat for another film that Coppola plans, to. 
.. “make sometime in the future based on 
. Goethe’s “Elective Affinities,” a novel, about 
,3ove arid marriage arid the temptation that 
*' :makes fools of the best of us and sends the 

strongest of relationships clattering toward the 

“It'll be 12 hours long.” Coppola's voice was 

“Are you serious?” The question contained 
of hys‘* 

a hint of hysteria. 

“Yes.” There was a pause as Coppola 
basked in the effect. Several others from Cop¬ 
pola’s Zoetrope Studios watched the uninitiat¬ 
ed try to fathom anyone's sitting for 12 hours 
to watch a movie. Didn't they almost draw and 
quarter Von Stroheim for trying to make his 
] 2-hour movie, “Greed.” in 1923? 

The director made his cut. “They'll have to 
build special theaters in hotels,”, he said. 
“You'll check in and see three hours a day. 
Then return to your room and be able to re¬ 
view what you've seen ton videocassette recor¬ 
ders and small screens]/' 


Francis Ford Coppola is serious about what 
Lhe future will bring: “You can't make movies 
the old way anymore,” he said. 

The old way was urine 35-mi Dimeter film, 
shooting and shooting ana shooting and, when 
all the film was developed, going into an edit¬ 
ing room with thousands of strips of takes 
draped over metal trim bins, from which you 
slowly assembled the modem picture. And. 
quite probably, discovered that some scenes 
weren't needed — certainly not 19 takes of 
each. And, just as probably, discovered a few 
other scenes that would have been nice, but 
that no one thought to shoot. 

Coppola is clearly unhappy with these old 
techniques. “World cinema has gotten — be¬ 
cause of the economics of it — very similar, 
very boring,” he said. “You don’t see anything 
different The style, the range of things you 
can do is all limited by economics.” 

So in the making of “One from the Heart,” 
Coppola set out to do it a new way, substitut¬ 
ing the jnstanianeity and the economy of video 
for the ponderousness of film. No director had 
ever .tried it before on such a scale. 

Video records images on tape; you can see 
what you're shooting while you’re shooting it 
With the aid of machines, you can do tricks 
.with the images while you're shooting them. 
You can play — 1 “Eke a kuf in a sandbox,” in 
Coppola’s words. Then, when you have what 

Coppola's next film. “One from the Heart," pioneers a revolutionary video technique that saves time and money. 

you warn, you transfer it to film for showing in 

How did he do it? First, he bought a studio. 
10 acres in Hollywood where Laurel and Har¬ 
dy and Charlie Chaplin had made films, and 
renamed it Zoe trope Studios. In it he ran an 
electronic cable from the sound stage to the 
wardrobe department music people and set 
designers, so each section could make instan¬ 
taneous additions and corrections. 

“What if the script was a prototype of the 
film?” Coppola asked rhetorically. “So that it 
really wasn't a text script but an audiovisual 
script” — instead of a written script a rough 
draft in video. Which is what he did. 

He had artists draw thousands of scenes for 
“One from the Heart" and these were photo¬ 
graphed on still frames that were then linked 
together as a video text a very rough proto¬ 
type of the film. 

“The audiovisual text was (ike a clothes 
line ” he explained, “going through every de- 
partmenL 1 And each lime these little messs 

par linen L And each lime these little messages 
came on clothespins, the different people 
would contribute to it or change it and it 
would go to the next place. Since the text was 
the prototype of the film, it would grow and 
grow until it became ihe actual movie.” ‘ 

The musicians — the songs are by Tom 

Waits — began to compose and record steamy 
tunes for each scene as soon as the drawings 
were recorded. The music grew as the film 

Rehearsals — very informal — were shot on 
videotape, and they replaced the stills. Sets 
were photographed and the photographs in¬ 

“We call it pre-visualization," Coppola says. 
“To go from the script and come up with a 
prototype movie before we had shot any film.” 

When actual shooting began on Zoe trope's 
elaborate reconstruction of Las Vegas, a cam¬ 
era with a beam splitter was employed What 
this did was make two images at the same 
time: The 3Smm film, which was stored for 
later development, and a videotape that could 
be seen immediately and to which music and 
effects could be added immediately. Everyone 
could see what was going on right away. 

“I was able to see scenes that either had to 
be taken out of the picture altogether — that 
always happens in movies, very often months 
after you've shot them — so we were always 
editing. Post-production wasn't something at 
the end, but something going on right from the 

Coppola admitted that he is always 
see what the entire film will look like, 
from the day it's only a title." 

His video system enabled him to get as close 



to his ideal as is now possible. “Cinema is 
going toward becoming a performance art be¬ 
cause you will be able to work on all the parts 
of it at once,” he said. “This performance as¬ 
pect means bring able to call up everything at 
once and mix it together right there.” 

The videotape system enables him to have 
action, music, scenery and effects in front of 
him at the same time. 

“The system takes thoughts in whatever way 
they come, gathers them, and then you're in 
the position to have ultimate, quick control-1 
found that by having the songs and the music 
coining in at the same tune, we were experi¬ 
menting with performances and scenes. Every¬ 
thing Interacted and influenced everything 

Coppola soon discovered that this system 
was the fastest method he’d ever worked with 
on a movie. “Because you see the potential,” 
he explained, “you could see that you could 
have all the elements right in your hands and 
put them together immediately. And it was 
frustrating to have to writ that minute and a 
half or whatever it was [to edit the videotape]. 
I’ve been living with the slow method all my 
career and now, when we have this tremendous 
facility at our studio, I look for total instan¬ 
taneous, whatever they call it—access.” 

Coppola, here for the 12tb International 

Television Symposium, described his plans Toi 
the future of electronic cinema. For his next 
film. “Tucker” (about an American who tried 
to design a new kind of car in the late 1940s), 
he will take his experiment one step further. 

He has had built a revolutionary new com¬ 
puterized system that will lock all the elements 
of a film together: image, dialogue and music. 
(Now sound and music are recorded separately 
and then laboriously added lo the celluloid.) 

He explains his system: “It will link 
thoughts together so that a section of text is 
linked to a section of image. Or with a particu¬ 
lar sound or [piece of] music. So that by ma¬ 
nipulating the text, you manipulate the movie. 
Or you can manipulate the images and manip¬ 
ulate the text. They're all related! interconnect¬ 

Is it worth all the time and money he has 
put into it? Critics say that there is no point in 
adapting video to filmmaking because the 
quality of video recording and playback equip¬ 
ment isn’t up to the standards of 35mm film. 

Francis Ford Coppola responds that in the 
not-too-distani future a director will be able lo 
make film as easily as television news crews 
now record events on mioicams. only the pic¬ 
ture quality will be equal to that now available 
only with 35mm film. And, he adds, movie the¬ 
aters will buy large-scale video projection 


The director, Coppola says, will view an im¬ 

age through the viewfinder; the image will en¬ 
ter a high-definition color videocamera as elec¬ 
tronic signals, be manipulated as signals, be 
simultaneously overlaid and mixed down and 
colored and given music as signals. He says 
that instead of the cumbersome methods of 
film, signals on tape will be all (here is between 
the action on a sound stage and the picture 
later viewed on the theater screen. 

Sony already has demonstrated a high-defi- 
nition color video system, the quality of which 
is equal to 35mm film. And Coppola sees a 
future when he and other filmmakers will use 
high-definition video to make films that will be 
shown anywhere. 

“Basically it’s just one technology that can 
be served up in any form, whether it's just a 
small set or a screen in the home or in a big 
theater. It win be the new cinema.” ■ 

Cut the Cost of Phoning From Abroad 

by Paul Grimes 


. _• s'- 

- J.V 

N EW YORK — During a recent stay 
at the Sheraton-Stockholm Hotel in 
Sweden, William T. Hazard, a busi¬ 
ness executive horn New York, had 
to telephone the United States. He later re¬ 
counted his experience in a letter to Howard P. 
-James, chairman and president of the Sheraton 
"Corporation at its headquarters in Boston: 

“I was pleased to read on my room tele¬ 
phone the sugges tion that I dial direct in order 
to make the call more economical than going 
through the operator. I did as you suggested 
and spent approximately 20 minutes on the 
phone to New York. The next morning, after I 
was presented with my statement, ! learned 
that my call, to the United Slates 

had cost me $173.” 

“Exorbitant," Mb’. Hazard charged. He said 
be presumed it was an error. Sheraton, howev¬ 
er, said it was not. 

Mr. Hazard's experience is similar to that of 
.many other American travelers who, for busi¬ 
ness or personal reasons, have phoned home to 
the United Stales from overseas. For privacy, 
comfort or convenience, they place the calls 
from their hotel rooms. At checkout tune, 
however, they discover that surcharges of 100 
to 300 percent of the basic cost of each over- 


from which you are calling recogn i zes 
card), although even then the hotel may 
you up to $10 for simply originating the cafl. 
Or you can arrange to be called from the Unit¬ 
ed States at a specified place and hour by 
someone who can dial you direct from home or 


The Bell System, meanwhile, has been ar¬ 
dently promoting a six-year-old program 
called Teleplan. Under it, participating coun¬ 
tries and hotel groups agree on specified sur¬ 
charges that are high enough to satisfy the ho¬ 
tels but low enough to encourage international 

Responding to a reporter's inquiry about the 
experience or Mr. Hazard, who phoned New 
York from Stockholm, Larry K. Walker, 
Sheraton Corporation's vice president for 
rooms and reservations, said there was no 
company-wide policy beyond putting notices 
in guest rooms about surcharges. 

Phillip D. Shea, senior vice president and 
director of public relations for Sheraton, said 
it was impossible to determine all the circum¬ 
stances and comment on the appropriateness 
of the charge. But he said that even if Mr. 
Hazard had made the most expensive type of 
caQ — person-to-person at a peak hour — the 
cost levied by local telephone authorities 
would have been only $59.58 for 20 minutes, 
based on the exchange rate at the time. 

Qinz tfc&Is with 

ulkd. collect from 
5m ffdticisco... 

-seas call have been added to their bills by their 

There are ways to avoid the surcharges. You 
can go to a gcvernment.pbo&s center fin most 
countries, the government toes the phone sys¬ 
tem), when: there are no sardbarges, or even 
use a coin phone, provided you can gather to¬ 
gether enough coins and the pay phones accept. 
them. (In some countries, the pay 'gffiones ac* ' 4 
ceptoitiy<i£ik) - 

From your hold room, you can cf. f 
or use a BcB System credit card (ft tir ^ pi 


Thus, Mr. Shea said, a total bill of $173 
would have indicated a hotel surcharge of 
$113.42, or-190 percent Mr. Hazard said he 
had phoned at a peak hour, because the call- 
was to his office in New York, but it was not 
person-to-person, indicating that the surcharge 
he paid was even greater. ... 

'in 'West Germany the situation is similar. A 
card placed in guest rooms earlier this year at 
the Hotel Inter-Continental in Cologne says 
that charges for self-dialed calls to other coun¬ 
tries include the basic cost from the post office 

(which operates the phone services as well as 
the mails), a government tax and “a calculated 
surcharge, such as equipment rental employee 
costs, etc.’’ It says that a three-minute call 
from the hold to the United Slates would cost 
about 77.40 Deutsche marks, or roughly 
$32.25 at the exchange rate of 2.40 marks to 
the dollar. 

The card does not say, however, that if the 
call was made from a government-operated 
phone center, such as at an airport or railroad 
station, it would cost only the basic post office 
rate plus lax, or about 33.43 marks ($13.93). 
So when you phone from a room at the Inter¬ 
Continental the difference, 43.97 marks 
(5)8.32), or 132 percent, goes lo the hotel. 

But most of it does not stay there, insists 
Fred Peelen, who was vice president of Inter¬ 
Continental operations in West Germany for 
five and a hair years and is now general mana¬ 
ger of the Barclay Hotel in New York. Mr. 
Peelen notes, first, that in Germany, as in 
much of Europe, the phone department of a 
hotel is looked upon as a separate entity that is 
expected to support itself. In the United 
States, he says, many hotels allow their phone 
departments to operate at a loss, which is paid 
by charging higher room rates. 

In Germany. Mr. Peelen says, hold phone 
operators are expected to spoil at least three 
languages, often are paid nearly twice as much 
as operators in U.S. hotels and get higher 
fringe benefits. Also, he said, holds in Germa¬ 
ny own their telephone equipment and thus 
must'account for maintenance and deprecia¬ 
tion, while in the United States the equipment 
usually is leased. 

Mr. Peelen's conclusion is that a substantial 
German hotel surcharge on a call to the Unit¬ 
ed States is justified. After all the costs are 
deducted, he said, the hotel may make only 
about a 7 percent profit on a call. 

Bui E-E. Can, director of correspondent re¬ 
lations, Long Lines Department of the Ameri¬ 
can Telephone and Telegraph Company and 
the chief negotiator for AT&T.'s Tdeplan, 
said the program is aimed at curbing excessive 
surcharges so travelers will not be completely 
frightened away from making overseas tele¬ 
phone calls. 

A.T.&T. has negotiated Teleplan agree¬ 
ments with the Hilton International worldwide 
chain, Marriott Hotels, the British units of 
Trusihouse Forte; the Lygon Arms Hotel in 
Broadway, England, the Golden Tulip group 
in the Netherlands, and, through agreements 
with governments, all the hotels in Ireland, Is¬ 
rael and Portugal. As part of the agreements. 
AT AT. promises to publicize ana promote 
Teleplan to the public and the travel trade. 

Under Tdeplan, a country or hotel group 
agrees on maximum surcharges to be added (o 
the cost of phoning the United States from a 
guest room. In Israel for example, for credit 
card or collect calls, the maximum is 51 a call; 
for calls paid at the bold, the maximum is 25 
percent of the official toll or $10, whichever is 

The agreement with Hilton International 
calls for a maximum surcharge in most hotels 
of S6 per credit-oard or collect call; $10 or 100 

-it of the official toll, whichever is less,, 

rator-asssted calls paid at lhe hotel 


and $6 or 100 percenl whichever is less, for 
direct-dial rails paid at the hotel. 

Even stauneb advocates of Teleplan ac¬ 
knowledge. however, (hat when: it exists there 

may be even cheaper ways of phoning the 
United Stales. The cheapest, of course, is to go 
to a government-operated phone center. Keep 
in mind, however, that unlike the United 
States, most countries do not have a fiat rate 
for the first three minutes, but charge by the 
minute or even by what they call an “impulse,” 
which may be as little as one second. 

In Cologne, West Germany, for example, an 
impulse is 1.4 seconds long, which means that 
there are 128.57 of them in three minutes. At 
an official rate of 0.26 marks an impulse, in¬ 
cluding tax. Tor a direct-dial three-minute call 
from Cologne to the United States the total 
cost is 33.43 marks — the equivalent of $13.93 
at the mid-June exchange rate — as stated 
above. But a three-minute direct-dial call from 
anywhere in the United States to West Germa¬ 
ny is only $6.27, inducting federal tax, in the 
daytime; at night the cost is $5.05. 

Because of such discrepancies, those experi- 
ational tel 

enccd with international telephoning recom¬ 
mend that, whenever possible, you have your 
party at home call you when you are traveling 
abroad, rather than vice versa. To prepare for 
this, you should leave at home as detailed an 
itinerary as possible, including the dales, 
names, locations and phone numbers of the 
hotels where you plan to stay. (Your travel 
agent can provide the numbers.) 

Mr. Carr of AT AT. says that when he calls 
his office in New Jersey from abroad, he sim¬ 
ply gives his hotel room number and bangs up 
to await a call back by direct dial. He says he 
can do this within 10 seconds, which in West 
Germany is equivalent to 7.14 impulses, for an 
offidal charge of 1.86 marks (78 cents). Even if 
the hold adds a 150 percent surcharge lo the 
bill, it win still be a nominal cost. 

Travelers are strongly advised to find out 
about surcharges before placing overseas calls 
from their rooms. Where Teleplan is in effect, 
a tent card or similar notice explaining sur¬ 
charges should be in the room, but in other 
hotels, it may not be. 

If your hotel offers direct dialing, use it to 
call your party and ask to be called back. This 
will probably prove much cheaper in the end, 
even if you nave not left a detailed itinerary at 
home and must lake the time to explain exact¬ 
ly how to reach you. 

If you cannot arrange a call back, use your 
phone company credit card which is accept¬ 
able in most countries, although not in West 
Germany. Credit-card calls are added to your 
phone bill in the United States, so payment is 
deferred. Also, any surcharge that your hotel 
places on credit-card calls is usually much low¬ 
er than for calls it adds to your ML 

As an alternative, call collect, if you expect 

it. W. 

the party at the other end to accept i 
Carr cautions, however, that foreign hotels 
sometimes “drag their feet about giving you 
the international operator” because they prefer 
to handle the entire c all and add the highest 
passible surcharge. 

Phone at nigh: from overseas points; rates 
are usually cheaper then, and sometimes they 
are cheaper on Weekends, too. 

Two booklets on international telephoning 
and related travel matters — “Personal Inter¬ 
national Directory” and “Getting Around 
Overseas” — are available free from the Bell 
System. Write to A.T.&T. Long Lines, Over¬ 
seas Administration, P.O. Box 609. Morris 
Plains, NJ. 07950. ■ 

s-fOSi JV,V« - York Turin 

The ‘Parliaments’ of Abidjan 

Though not a maquis, this Katiola bar reflects the maquis ’ down-home feeling. 

by Susan Linn6e 


ory coast — tsy iO p.m. 
on a Friday all the tables are full at 
the Maquis Moderne on Queen 
ou Street, and the smell oF 

Poukou Street, and the smel 
roasting fish and barbecued chicken hangs in 
the humid night air. 

Marguerite, a no-nonsense woman of un¬ 
determined age, casts an impatient eye at cus¬ 
tomers who linger too long over a single bottle 
of beer, while her competitor in the blue room 
at the front of the courtyard opens another 
bottle of champagne fox a government official 
who is dancing with his shoes off. 

As taxi drivers, off-duty cops, law students, 
hookers, novelists, dock workers, secretaries 
and bureaucrats dip their hands into plates of 
attieke, steamed manioc meal West African 
dance music pulsates from a loudspeaker. 

Children cany pails of water for hand wash¬ 
ing, an old woman crosses the courtyard on 
the way to the shower and a duck waddles un¬ 
der tables snapping up bugs. 

There are plenty of restaurants of all sorts in 
this prosperous capital of 1.5 million. And 
there are many homes where the traditional 
kedjenou (braised chicken) and agouti (bush 
rat) are more expertly prepared. 

The people who frequent the open air drink¬ 
ing ana eating establishments known as ma¬ 
quis, however, are looking for something more 
than food for (he body. 

“I guess Fm hungry when I go to a maquis, ’ 
but it's usually for conversation, to be with 
people and to get awav from the constraints of 
the city,” said Abdou Toure, an Ivorian sociol¬ 
ogist. “They’re sort of our corner bars.” 

The worn maquis is French but comes from 
Corsican and means “rugged terrain.” French 
resistance fighters in World War J1 hid out in 
such places and became known as maquisards. 


tuals imbued with the - revolutionary spirit of 
the times. The maquis were vaguely outside the 
law because there were no regulations govern¬ 
ing their opening hours, working conditions 
and sale of alcoholic beverages. 

No one knows how many maquis there are 
in Abidjan, the largest city in former French 
West Africa, because like many other business¬ 
es In the so-called informal sector, maquis do 
not appear on the commercial register. Educat¬ 
ed guesses place the number at more than 100. 

One woman may operate a maquis out of 
her two-room home in the crowded, traditional 
part of town called Treichville, selling beer and 
soft drinks and doing the cooking herself. Her 
children wait on tables but her husband has 
nothing to do with the operation. 

Several women who live around the same 
courtyard may work together: other maquis 
are set up by men of means for their mistresses 
to keep them busy and in money. 

AH are run by women, and it is the rapport 
they establish with their customers, as well as 
the quality of their cooking, that ensures their 
success. Abdou Toure says. 

Abidjan’s population has tripled in the past 
15 years, much of the influx made up of men 
from rural areas who have come to work in the 
dty without their families. 

Yvan Mersadiar. an economist at a local re¬ 
search institute, feels the maquis fulfill an eco¬ 
nomic role by providing inexpensive gathering 
places for men who fee! the alienation of the 

Emmanuel Bile, a writer who knows at least 
half the maquis in town, says they “recreate 
the village where most of us have come from 
but where we can no longer live." 

The open cooking fires, the assembly of clay 
pots, the sand swept dean with small brooms 
of ancient design, the informality and the 
walled-in security of the courtyard exert a 
powerful pull on people obliged to live in iso¬ 
lation in concrete apartment blocks. 

Informal eating and drinking establishments 
are not unique to lhe Ivory Coast. There are 
the clandos (semi-licit bars) and dibiieries 
(roast mutton bars) of Senegal and the “wid¬ 
ows' restaurants” of Douala. Cameroon. In the 
large cities of southern Nigeria there are the 
prosaically dubbed “food hotels.” 

Ivojpe -Chnancfac, a-popular w eekly maga¬ 
zine^ calls the maquis “informal parliaments” 
in this singte-pariy nation. They .rerye 4-5 
transmitters for “Radio TnacfaviHe,” the urban 
grapevine that fills in the gaps of the govern¬ 
ment-controlled press and broadcasting sys¬ 

Although some younger couples frequent 
maquis together, they are still largely a male — 
and African—domain. 

Many Africans express surprise (hat Euro¬ 
peans would be interested in going to maquis. 
Bui Europeans contend the maquis is the easi¬ 
est place lo meet Ivorians, who are perceived 
as being particularly withdrawn. 

*-'l98i A ssMieued Press 


July 4-5,1981 
Page 6W 


Sete: The Port, the Cuisine and the Vineyards of Languedoc 

' I ^ nPi\lV7Vl - • • I a mosquito-infested siring of salt marshes and I 

. JL llC* 1 IlYYIl iftfeil lagoons, has been opened up lo visilora only 

by Paul Overy _ 

S ETE, France — “When I lecture 
abroad," Paul Valery told a prize-day 
audience at his old high school in the 
town of his birth, “Tm quite often 
asked: ‘What is S&te?* I tell them that we in¬ 
habit a remarkable island barely attached to 
the mainland by two strips of fine sand; so 
that on one side we command the sea, and on 
the other a salt lake that was probably chris¬ 
tened Thau by the Phoenicians. 

Sete, or Cette as it was spelled until 1928, 
has been occupied since prehistoric times. It 
remained little more than a huddle of fisher¬ 
men's huts until the 17th century, when Louis 
XIV decided to build a port here on the slopes 
of the wooded island of Mon t- Saint- Pair. The 
island was only joined to the mainlan d in the 
28th century, by a bridge with 52 stone arches 
that linked it to Frontignan across the Etang 

A number of derivations have been suggest¬ 
ed for the town's name. One from the Phoeni¬ 
cian setting meaning “wooded promontory,” 
another from the Latin Insula Ceta, “whale is¬ 
land” — from its humped shape rising above 
the flat dunes and salt lakes of the Languedoc 
coast, not because whales were found here. 
Smaller fish were, however, and still are in 
great abundance, both in the sea and in the 
great salt lake behind the town, the Bassin de 

Sete rivals Marseilles as the premier French 
Mediterranean fishing port In Roman times it 
was a crater for pickled and salted fish (there 
were salt pans in Sete until 1969) that were 
dispatched to the ends of the empire lo feed 
the legions. Here too the Romans made garum, 
a salty fish sauce to season food (similar to the 
nuocmam sauce the Vietnamese still use). 

Sete was the Mediterranean terminal port of 
the Canal du Midi (or Canal des Deux Mere) 
built by Riquet in the 17th century. The town 
grew quite slowly during the 18th century. It 
was occupied by the En g lish fleet for five days 
in 1710, after which the great military engineer 
Vauban buflt a defense system of forts to pro¬ 
tect it, and it became a haven for pintles who 
preyed on English and Spanish ships. 

Hie 19th century was its greatest period of 
expansion, with the digging of the Rnone-Sete 
Canal, the budding of a breakwater to protect 
and improve the port and the construction of a 
rail Hnk to the provincial capital Montpellier 
in 1839. This was the third line to be buflt in 
France, and connected the PLM to the Midi 

Improvements continued through the 19th 
and in to 'the 20th century. A maritime channel 
was opened through the Bassin de Thau in 
1926 and the port was modernized in 1950 and 

Sete’s cemetery by the sea inspired Paul Valery's poem “he Cimetiere Marin. 

again in 1966, enabling it to dock tankers to 
supply the refinery at Frontignan. Industry 
grew with the port, and with the expansion of 
the French Empire in the 19th century, it be¬ 
came an important port for trade with North 
Africa, which continues today (there is a car 
ferry to Morocco). 

The hinterland is quite heavily industrial¬ 
ized, but since shipping has moved away to the 
Maritime Port, Sete has found a new life as a 
holiday center. The old quarter retains its 
charm with its canals, boats and the port. The 
sandy beaches around the comiche stretch to 
the newly developed resort Cap d’Agde. 

Sete has been described as “a Venice with 
cars.” The town’s Grand Canal — the Canal 
de Sete — runs surprisingly clean and unpol¬ 
luted from the railway station to the old pea 
and yacht marina. At the seaward end a dozen 
fish restaurants line the quay, vying for cus¬ 
tomers, importuning the strolling tourists to 
try the groaning plates or seafood and Setois 
special lies (see accompanying article). 

Leafy streets with secluded villas creep up 
the slopes of Monl-Saint-Clair. Near the chap¬ 
el of Notie Dame de la Salette. converted from 
an old fortification, is a magnificent panorama 
over the port and the eastern part of the Bassin 
de Thau, with its oyster ana mussel beds, to 
the distant peaks or the Cevennes. 

Near the bottom of the road that winds up 
the hill is the Cimetiere Marin, which inspired 
Valery to write his “Graveyard by the Sea,” 
one of the most famous and frequently trans¬ 
lated poems of the 20th century. Clinging to 
the steep hillside, the cemetery overlooks the 
sparkling sea, the outer harbor and the~Fort 
Saint Pierre, built by Vauban in the 18 th cen¬ 
tury and now converted into an open-air 
Theatre de la Mer. This is where Seles sum¬ 
mer theater festival is held this year between 
Aug. 22-26. 

In the high summer the sun beats down on 
the white marble tombs, the dark green flames 
of the cypresses and the spreading pines that 
scent the hot air. Yachts sat) like pecking doves 
— in Valery’s memorable image — seen over 
the roofs of the mausoleums: 

Closed, sacred, filled with insubstantial fire. 
Terrestrial fragment dedicated to the light. 
This place pleases me, ruled by flambeaux. 
Composed of gold, of stone and dark groves, 
Where so much marble trembles aver so 
many shades; 

The faithful sea sleeps here on mv tombs! 
Valery hims elf is how buried in the family 
grove. Born in 1871 the son of a Corsican fa¬ 
ther and an Italian mother, Valery left Sete in 
his teens but always regarded it as the forma¬ 
tive influence on his poetry and Mediterranean 
view of life. His birthplace was destroyed in 
the last war, but a well-designed modern muse¬ 
um next to the cemetery bears his name. On 
the first floor is a room dedicated to Valery, 
displaying manuscripts, memorabilia, photo¬ 
graphs and his own accomplished watercolors, 
sculptures and drawings (including illustra¬ 
tions for “Graveyard by the Sea"). 

The museum also contains a small art gal¬ 
lery and displays devoted to the archaeology 
and history of the area, including a fascinating 
section of models and documents relating to 
the traditional joules nautiques (water jousting 
games) that take place between rival quarters 
of the city each summer during the theater fes¬ 

Sete is an ideal center from which to explore 
the Bassin de Thau, with its ancient fishing 
villages, and the vineyards of Languedoc. 
Beziers. Montpellier and Nimes are wi thin an 
hour by train or car, and the sandy beaches are 
numerous, though crowded in high summer. ■ 

The Cuisine 

_ by Peter Graham _ 

S ETE. France — The cooking of die 
Languedoc coast, between the point 
where the Rhone flows into the Medi¬ 
terranean and the beginning of the 
Pyrenees-Orientales department, is not nearly 
as well-known as its Provencal cousin. 

This is largely because the littoral itself, long 

lagoons, has been opened up lo visitors only 
recently, following De Gaulle's derision in 
1963 to reclaim the coast and build, from 
scratch, a series of big seaside resorts such as 
La Grande Motle, Palavas-les-Flois, Cap 

d’Agde and Gruissan. 

Languedoc cuisine has its own distinctive 
qualities, particularly in its treatment of fish. 
Although garlic is widely used, as in Provence, 
the amounts are less overwhelming. And the 
region has an extra suing to its bow — 
France’s only Mediterranean oysters (not 
counting those of Corsica), the hut ires de Bouz- 
igues. These grow in a huge salt-water lagoon, 
the Bassin de Thau, that is cut off from the sea 
by the town of S£te and a long, narrow sand¬ 

Sete is France's second-largest Mediter¬ 
ranean fishing port in terms of tonnage (most 1 
of the catch is made up of tuna, anchovies and 
sardines). But unlike giants like Marseilles, or 
Boulogne on the Channel — and although it 
has a large industrial complex adjoining it — 
Sete has retained the pleasant atmosphere of a 
small port. It is crisscrossed with canals that 
are chockablock with jaunty fishing boats. Its 
fishmongers’ slabs display that excitingly alea¬ 
tory selection of marine species that indicates 
a very short journey from fisherman to cus¬ 

Of the many restaurants that cram the quay¬ 
side along Sete's main canal, there are two that 
stand out in particular. La Rotonde and La 
Palangrotte. La Rotonde (17 quai du 
Marechal-de-Lattre^de-Tassigny; tel: 67/ 
74.21.64; closed Sunday) is remarkable both 
for its Belle Epoque decor (a towering ceiling 
with cherubs gamboling on the moldings) ana 
for its two set menus (very good value at 35 
and 60 francs). The less expensive one, for ex¬ 
ample, includes fish soup or six large oysters, a 
large heap of whitebait or stuffed mussels, 
salad and dessert 

Mottles farcies may seem a trifle lightweight 
for a main course. In Languedoc, however, 
they do not come merely swimming in garlic- 
and-pars ley butter, as in Provence, but are 
fillea with a stuffing worthy of the name 
(minced veal and pork, egg, breadcrumbs and 
garlic), closed up again ana cooked cautiously, 
lest they open, in a tomato sauce with a soup- 
con of chili powder. The very large mussels 
worth the bother of stuffing are reared in the 
Bassin de Thau. 

The Rotonde, by the way is part of the 
Grand Hotel, which has an equally intact old- 
fashioned atmosphere. Its vast landings, fur¬ 
nished with armchairs and the occasional pi¬ 
ano, look out on a central water garden, 
where breakfast is served — altogether a must 
for anyone wishing to relive or imagine the 
grand style of prewar hotel accommodation 
(for a mere 145 francs a night for two). 

La Palangrotte (rampe Paul-Valety; tel: 67) 
74.19.78, about 150 francs, with set menu at 85 

K!|$ t&d t$f 1S| 

where fishmongers sell another kind1 of P>* 
(found in Site. too), the tasty tielie. which, has 
a filling of onion, tomato, thyme, black olives 
and baby octopus. 

Pezenas (18 kilometers inland from ihe Bas¬ 
sin de Thau) is a well-preserved. largely lotn- 
century little town that is most definitely 
worth a visit. Reasonable food — both in price 
and quality — can be had at Geoieys (19 ave¬ 
nue Aristide-Briand; tel: 67/98.13.99: set 
menus 35 and 60 francs). 

Sauvaire harvests his own oysters. 

francs) has a dazzling white decor, quietly pro¬ 
fessional service and many of the local special¬ 
ties — Fish soup, whitebait, grilled fish, deep- 
fried squid, numles farcies — also found in res¬ 
taurants on the same quay, but here cooked 
with a care and an emphasis on quality that 
make it Sete’s best eating place. Generally 
speaking, Languedoc wines are unexceptional, 
if unexceptionable, but owner-chef Alain 
Gemignam has succeeded in rounding up the 
finest of them for his wine lisL 
His most interesting dish is bourride. Now, a 
bourride on any menu except in or near Sete 
will automatically be the version from Toulon, 
which consists of large chunks of fish in a rich, 
spicy emulsion of their cooking liquid and 
row lie (also known as oioli — garlic mayon¬ 
naise —with rfiili and, usually, saffron). At La 
Palangrotte, die sauce is also an emulsion of 

Swiss chard tops, whose crispness contrasts re¬ 
freshingly with the creaminess of the sauce. 

There is another local specialty chat has not 
traveled beyond its place of origin: the pedis 
pates de Pezenas. These small pies, much Che 
size and shape of cotton spools, are filled with 
a curiously un-French mixture of mutton, suet, 
brown sugar and spices — and are eaten as a 
dessert! Anyone who knows that the genuine 
British mince pie once used to contain mutton 
will not be surprised to learn that die recipe 
for these petits pates seems to have been intro¬ 
duced to P&zenas by none other than Lord 
Clive in the mid-18th century. 

The pies are still made by most patisseries in 
Pezenas, though they vary greatly in quality. 
Your best bet is Patisserie Roc on place de la 
Republique. The same square accommodates 
Pezenas’ bustling street market on Saturdays, 

Pezenas than the new resort of Cap d Agde U-’ 
kilometers down the coast from Sete). a vast 
sprawl of pastel-colored holiday apartments 
clustered round a large, yacht-filled harbor. At 
one end of the resort is Europe's biggest nudist 
colony. Unexpectedly for such a setting, the 
Brasero (Port Richelieu 2; tel: 67/94.74.75: 
about 90 francs) does very authentic versions 
of Languedoc dishes like brochette de moufes. 
roui/le de seiches (cuttlefish in a tomato-fla¬ 
vored sauce emulsified with aio/i) and encor- 
neis fords (squid with a meal-based stuffing 
incl uding Bayonne ham — left out by most 
chefs — and, again, oioli in the sauce). The 
wide selection ofgrilled fish is remarkable for 
its freshness. 

But for the last word in freshness you have 
to try the mussels and oysters at Le Gfader, an 
engagingly kitsch hotel-restaurant in Marseil- 
lan. a sleepy little port on the Bassin de Thau 
(boulevard Victor-Hugo: tel: 67/77.22.04; 
dosed Monday and October weekday menus 
at 50 francs; weekends. 80 and 110 francs). 
Brothers Robert and Charles Sauvaire ore not 
only the patrons of the restaurant, but what the 
French quaintly call mytiliculteurs and 
ostreiculteurs (or conchyliculteurs, if you want 
to cover both categories at once) — in other 
words, they rear their own mussels and oysters 
a kilometer out of Marsefllan. and 300 meters 
from the shore, in the crystalline waters of the 

Their other fish (mostly grilled) and shellfish 
(escargots de mer — whelks — with oioli and a 
bumper plateau de coquillages, including the 
rare violet) come from the sea just off the coast 
between Site and Cap d’Agde, often as part of 
the. poisson de la treune , a mixed bag of hve fisb 
bargained for and bought as it is in the process 
of being hauled up the beach in huge dragnets. 

Such practices are dying out as summer va¬ 
cationers encroach increasingly on Mediter¬ 
ranean beaches. The vineyards bordering the 
lagoon (whose wine; incidentally, is one of the 
ingredients of Noilly Prat; which is made, put 
in barrel, and matured in the open air in Mar¬ 
sefllan before being shipped for bottling in 
Marseilles) are bong bought up by property 
developers with an eye on the ever-booming 
second-home market Only the profitable oy¬ 
ster beds, a strikingly delicate network of posts 
and wires floating ethereally just above the wa¬ 
ter as though hatched in by some draftsman, 
seem destined to endure. ■ 

Interna! tonal databook 



Tttt • 


A Jlenaissattce of 

A luxury hmel in the ftreat 
European trad ii inn Bcpam, quiet, 
unruffled—never a omventiim. 



WnbuifJa'i Orrirt Mir ru 
1 Jth & M Strms.NW.Wuhniataa, D.C10007 

Telex 64245 
or see your travel ajscm 
•AUntall B. Coyne. Pmfmttor 

lflfl years <rf exceptional 
hospitality In Zorich 

Unique location: 

Bahn hofsbasse/Ba hnhofplatz 
Opposite lly-fail/main station 

The serene quietness 
of a resort hotel 
in the heart of down-town 


Phone 01/2118640 
Telex 813754 szhofch 
PO Box. CH-S025 Zurich 





Appears may Saturday 




Lift in tha 
Omsdhd Section 


VIENNA. English Theatre (tel: 
421160) — -Same Tunc Next Year" 

•Modern An Gallery. Loft (tel: 
5253.30> — To Aug. 8: “Hudle." exhi¬ 
bition by Gruppe 78. group of Swiss 

•Musical Sommer — Includes: July 7: 
Vienna Symphony Orchestra, Michael 
D. Morgan conductor (Mozart Strauss. 
Brahms). July 9: Vienna Symphony Or : 
chestra, Charles Mackerras conductor 
(Handel. Mozart, Brahms). 

_ IRMUM _ 

BRUSSELS. Ecole de Danse Angde 
Albrecht (td: 02/345.36.88) —To July 
8: International Festival of Dance 

• Palais des Beaux-Aris (tel: 
02/31204.03). Exhibitions —To July 
12: "Painting in. Germany." To July 19: 
“Jose Guadalupe Posada: 1852-1913," 
retrospective of etchings and drawings. 
CHIMAY. Festival de Wallonie ltd: 
060/21.2929). Includes: July 4: Ant- 
-werp Trio (Marcello. Chopin. Kodalyl. 
July 5: Joerg Dennis piano {Beethoven, 
Franck. Schumann). 

_ WOLMg _ 

CHICHESTER. Julv 6-18: Festival 
(td: 78.01.92). Includes: July 6-9: 
String Quarter Master Class. Chiiingiri- 
au Quartet. July 6: Berlin Symphony 
Orchestra, Theodore Bloomfield con¬ 
ductor (Wagner. Grieg). 
GLASTONBURY. Abbey Ruins — 
July 4-31: Miracles at Glastonbury, a 
plav recounting the story of the Holv 
Gral (Id: 0458/33255). 

LONDON, Aldwych Theatre (td: 
836.64.04) — July 4-11: “Troilus and 

•City of London Festival (tel: 
236.06.69). Includes: July 6: 
Frankl/Pauk/Kirshbaum Trio (Mo¬ 
zart, Ravel, Schubert). July 8: Henryk 
Szcryng violin, Ian Brown piano (Mo¬ 
zart, Bach. Beethoven). July 10: Lind¬ 
say Siring Quartet (Beethoven, SmeLa¬ 
na. Brahms). 

•Royal Opera House < id: 240.10.66) — 
July 7 and 10: “Peter Grimes." July 6- 
26: Mozart Festival Includes; July 6. 8 
and 11: "Don Giovanni." 

•Sadler's Wells Theatre ftd: 837.16.72) 
—July 6-11: Ballet Stars of America. 

_ FRflWCg _ 

AVIGNON. July 7-Aug. 2: Festival 
ltd: 90/8624.43L Include: Corn 


d'Hooneor du Palais de Pape —July 
7-19: “Medea” (Euripides). Theatre 
Municipal — July 8-13: “Sister Suzic 
Cinema" (Tdson/Brcuer). 

CANNES, July 4-13: Suquet Music 
Nights. Includes; July 7: Salvatore Ac- 
cardo (Schumann. Prokofiev). July 9: 
Pasquier Trio. Maxcnce Larrieu flute 
(Mozart, Ravel) 

NICE. Chagall Museum (tel: 
93/81.75.75) — July 5-Nov. 2 “Hima¬ 
layan Mandalas from the Guimet Mu¬ 
seum." exhibition. 

PARIS, American Center (tel: 
321.4220) — July 4-7: Calck Hook, 
modem dance stage. 

•Hold de Gouthiere (id: 240.10.10 
ext: 336) — July 1-26: “Summer 
Nights." Include: “The Barber of Sev¬ 
ille" (Beau m arc h ai s ). Compagnie d'Ar- 
Icquin. July 5: Cathedral des Andes 
(flutes, percussions, organs, baroque 

•Palais de Congres — To July 11: 
“Swan Lake," Pans Opera Ballet Stars. 
•Petit Palais, Jardin — To July 24: 
Open Air Theater “La Celestme.” 
Theatre de I'Evenement, Compagnie J. 
C. Amyl. 

PERPIGNAN. July 7: Lille Philhar¬ 
monic Orchestra, Montserrat Caballe, 
Jose Carreras (Mediterranean festival; 
td: 42/86.8214). 

TOURAINE, To July 5: Music Festival 
(td: 47/O5J8.08). Includes: July 4: 
Cathy Berberian, Massinriliano Darner- 
ini piano. July 5: Evgeni Nesterenko 
bass, Evgeni Chenderovitdh piano. 

doctors. Program includes: “Carmen.” 
“Tosca," “Madame Butterfly," “La 
Boheme," “Aida" and “Samson and 

•Pao Sui Loong Galleries —July 9-14: 
“Imperial Chinese Fans,” exhibition. 
July 9-22; “Kwok Yee Ling," Chinese 


GENOA, Teatro Comunale deD’Opaa 
(td: 010/56.9329} — International 
Ballet Festival. Includes: July 7-12: 
“West Side Story,” Living Arts, Jerome 
Robbins choreographer/director. 
MILAN, Teatro alia Scala — July 7-8: 
Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Georg 
Sold conductor (Beethoven. Strauss, 
Bart ok). July 9: Alexis Wetsscnberg pi¬ 
ano (Bach, Sc h u m a n n, Chopin). 
RAVELLO, July 7-1 9i Musk Festival 
Indudes; July 7-9: Camerata Academi¬ 
cs dd Mazarteum. Sandor Vegh con¬ 
ductor (Telemann, Schubert, Bartok). 
SFOUETO, To July 12: Festival of 
Two Worlds (td: 0743/28120). In¬ 
cludes: July 4-5: Alexander Godunov 
and friends (stars of American Ballet 
Theater). July 5 and Sr-12: The Dream 
of a Ridiculous Man” (Dostoyevsky). 
July 8-11: Dennis Wayne Dance The- 

Festival (td: 020/722245). Indudes: 
StadssdKmwbing — July 4-5 and 9-15: 
Dutch National Ballet. 

•Cafe-Theater de Strikerhof — July 8- 
12: “Sony WrangNumber" (Fletcher), 
English Speaking Theater. 


SINGAPORE, Victoria Concert Hall 
—July i 1: National Theatre Symphon¬ 
ic Band. 

•Victoria Exhibition HaB —July 7-12: 
“Our Young Generation," exhibition of 
231 color and monochrome prints of 
life of young people in Singapore. 


GRANADA, International Festival of 
Music and Dance (td: 77 5 7 01 ) In- 
eludes; Palado de Carios V—July 4: 
Paris Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 
conductor (Beethoven, Wagner). July 
6: Spanish National Orchestra, Jesus 
Lopez Cohos conductor, Alicia Nafe 
mezzo-soprano, Cristina Ortiz piano 
(de Falla, Bartok, Ravel). 

MADRID, Museum of Conte m po rar y 
Art — “Salon de las 16,” exhibition of 

“German Masters of the 19th Centu¬ 

•Metropolitan Opera (id: 58OJ8J0) 
— July 6-11: Nemeriands Dance The¬ 
ater. Jnly 13-Aue. 1: La Scala Opera 
BaBet, Rudolf Nnreyev, Caila Freed, 
Dune Margot Fonteyn, Paolo Borto- 
inwi prima haflermafi Anna Maria 

Uimi fniMM fl— hMWft 

•MQMA, Roy and Ninla Titus Audi¬ 
torium — “Film India," thr ee-p art fes¬ 
tival Includes a complete retrospective 
of the works of Satyajit Ray, a survey 
of the history of filmmaking in India 
with a collection of footage dating to 
1912 (July 25-Ang. 23); a showing of 

14 nations. July 10: Julian 

BERLIN, Deutsche Opcr (tel: 
34144.49) — Jnly S: “War and Peace” 
(Panov), Valery Phnov, Gafina Panova. 
Hridrun Sdnraazz, Vladimir Gdvan, 
Sandor Nemethy. 

Christa Dichgans' vision of New York 

•Moaemns fnor Lslanrische Kunste, 
Dahlem — To Aug. 23: “145 Master- 

Jerovitch piano. 


ATHENS. Festival fid: 3221U1). In¬ 
cludes: Theatre H erode Aiticus — July 
5. 7. 9 and 11: “Nabucco" (Verdi). 
Greek National Opera. Lycabettus 
Theater — July 4-5: “The Marriage erf 
Figaro." Experimental Theater. July 9- 
II: “The Letters" (Routs). Free Artists' 

EPfDAURUS. Festival (id: 322.14.59) 
— July 4-5: “Iphigenie en Tauridc" 
I Euripides), National Theater. 


HONG KONG. City HalL Concert, 
Hall — July 4: Hong Kong Philhar¬ 
monic. Carl Pini conductor. Shin Yin 
Shiao piano (Berlioz). July 9-12: The 
Stars of the Metropolitan Opera of 
New York, Hoag Kong Philharmonic, 
Eve Queler and Joan Etornemann con- 

VEN1CE, Teatro Malibran — July 7-9: GENEVA. Julv 4- 
“Kcmtakiohof,” Wuppertal Dance The- SSSis 

•Teatro la Feaice — To July 22 SiSSjfiSiS 
“Dance Europe -SI." Indudes: Ballet 
Rambert, Paris Opera Research Group, 

Geneva Grand Theatre Ballet, Ballet of mIL 
the 20th Century. Royal Danish BaBet 
soloists, a ballet spectacle cm the Grand ~^**£?** Galene 
Canal; dance marathon in Piasa Sun Aug. 22: “Eugen i 
Marco. paintings. 

_ JAPAN _ _ TUP 

TOKYO. Gotoh Museum (tel: ■ ISTANBUL, 9th International Festival 
703.06.61) — To July 19: “Old Ceram- (td: 45.19.12). Indndcs: Atanvk Rall¬ 
ies and Old Mirrors." exhibition. tor Merited — July S and 7: Mikhail 

•National Museum (td: 82211.11) — PJetnev piano (Bach, Beethoven, Liszt, 
To July 12: “Exhibition of Ancient In- Prokofiev). Jnly 9: Pedro Safer guitar. 
Jonesian An." Adkhava Tiyatrosu—To July 7: Brf- 

•Okuro Shukokan Museum (td: shoi Ballet. Aya Irim—July 6: Smeta- 

583.57.66) — “Lacquerware and Cc- oa Trio (Beethoven, Brahms. Smetana), 
ramie Exhibition.” Istanbul Bdedrycsi Saxutl Galcriri. Tak- 

•Takanawa Art Museum (tel: sim To July L3: “Frank Meadow 
441.63.63) — “Wooden Images and Sutcliffe: 1852-1941." 

Buddhist Paintings.” - 

-— - - UM1EDSTMIS 

- ™ NEW YORK, Metropolitan Museum 

AMSTERDAM. To Julv 15: Holland *** 879.55.00) To July 5: 

•Teatro National de la Zarzuela (Id: 
22I.43.4IJ — July 4-5: “La Rosa de 
Azafran. July 6-10: “Luisa Fernanda.” 
•Galena Mnn (td: 401BUIS)—“Gar¬ 
cia Ezgttin,” exhibition. 


GENEVA, July 4: Independence Day 
edebrations sponsored by the Ameri¬ 
can International Club includes march¬ 
ing bands, fireworks, etc. 

•Muse* de rAthenee (td: 29.75.661 — 
July 4-Sept. 6: “Intimate Picasso: 
Maya Ruiz-Picasso Collection.” 
ZURICH. Galerie Woifsberg — To 
Aug. 22: “Eugen Fruch: 1914-1975," 


more th*n 20 coo temporary 
films, largely from the last d et y de. 
Symposiums will be held in each sec¬ 


LLANGQULEN, July 7-12 Interna¬ 
tional Musical Eisteddfod (tel: 
86JTL36). Includes: July 7: Varna, Bul¬ 
garian State Dance Company 1 . July 8: 
International Folk Singers ana Dancers . 

works from the Metropolitan Museum 
of An, New York," exhi b i ti on of 8th¬ 
in ldth-ceniuiy rugs, m*terini« ceram¬ 
ics, metal wooes, jewelry, miniatures 
(part of BerHn Festtage). 

COLOGNE, Josef-Han brich-Kun- 
sthaHe —To Aug. 2: "The History of 
Qrfm in Photography: 1861-1981." 


•Mused der Stadt, Wafiraf-Riduriz- 
Mnseum—To Aug. 9: “Johann Anton 
de Peters," exhibition. 

MUNICH, Bayeriscbcs Staatsoper_ 

S^liQpm FestivaL In - 

ctades: July 9: The Woman Without a 
Shadow." July 10: “Romeo and Juliet” 

Greece is Grea 

cW.' U) 

a — n crD i_ / er— 


ATHENS -When the soft Autumn 

sunshine continues and the crowds dwindle, that’s 
a delicious time to visit Athens.divine city of 
Greece. Stroll up to see the Parthenon, the most 
glorious symbol of civilisation, visit the museums, 
the Agora.the Plata... talk to the sponge-sellers 
or sit in the little kerb-side cafes and savour the 
real Greece in its food and its people. It’s all very 
relaxed in Athens at this time of the yeac 

CRUISES -In the Autumn ' ' - 

it’s easy to wander down to Piraeus 
harbour and buy a ticket fora cruise to the legendary 
Greek Islands. Go for a day or go for a whole 
week; either way it will be one of the greatest 
experiences of your life, whether you choose a 
luxury cruise ship or an island-hopping ferry. 

( And there’s still time to booh a last minute 
cruise ). 


HOTELS -You will warm to the hospitality 
of Greece's hotels from the 5-star luxury of the 
international hotels to the quiet charm and 
friendliness of a tavema. And you'll discover that 
Greeks do everything to make sure you return. 
( And if you 'phone now , you can still book 

m re Tuimn.£i t Tifr- Frayj 

v v VC 

FLIGHTS -You can reach Athens and the 
Greek Islands from most of the important cities of 
Europe by Olympic Airways, the National Airline 
of Greece. On a *Whispering Giant* A300 Airbus 
or Boeing jet. in just a few hours you'll be sitting in 
the Greek Autumn sunshine sipping Ouzo,and 
watching the world drift by. 

ACTIVITIES -There’s so much to do in 
Greece in Autumn ...swim in foe 
Golf., .go sailing., .dat out-of-doors. ..visit 
Delphi ...pick flowers... talk to a fisherman. 
Greece's holiday season lass right through foeyeax. 
Just ask your travel agent for the Autumn details J 
and last minute bookings for Athens Hotels and- 
Cruises...then relax. 

dice Jahier: 6 I Still Write on My Knees’ 

- by Carol Mann 

ARIS —“I shall never forget the first 
:/'> M time I saw Colette. She was in a 

box below me at theater, munching 
sweets throughout the perf o r m ance 
*'• £never seen anyone munch sweets like that . 

* 'ore or since, so resolutely, so intensely, with 
ja grave determination as she solemnly 
iked her way through, the box: I forget what 

■ * -_play was, in fact I watched only her.'' 

; Fellow writer Alice Jahier has begun to look 

• s Colette by now, that intense, self-knowing 
" v se forever observing, only less leonine, as 

reclines on her day bra, surrounded by 

■ es, mementos and sepia photographs in a 
n ; ' ok-lined grotto in Pans' seventh arrondise- 

- snL There is always a dictionary and some 
per at hand. 

- Alice Jahier has looked at people and the 
■. ents in her life sideways ana upside down, 

:. im an angle that is alt her own and which is 
■' Reeled in the stories and essays she has been 
■. Hting since she was a child. At the age of 20, 
-• .e solemnly burned everything she had writ- 
a untfl then.- She was reading “A la Re- 
. erche du Temps Perdu" (shortly after having 
. tended Proust's funeral in 1922), was in love 
. . ' .th a young cinema critic (whom she subse- 
‘ gently married) and abonr to discover the ag- 
" .ties of bong a writer in Paris. 

“Like so many female writers of my time, 1 
“ a u sed to writing on any bit of available sur- 
ce, which is why to this day, I still write on 
: -.y knees. I know that it's ludicrously uncom- 
•"-.irtable, but 1 never could get used to writing 
-1 a proper desk. 

. : “Writing is a very private, secret activity: 

'. ou need an intimate space of your own. Bur 
•. our flat and all those I knew, there was no 
-.-ich space. The man had his study and the 
' , oman, at best, her boudoir—which was usu- 
ly converted into something else. 

“You were constantly interrupted. Women 
,weren’t taken seriously as writers. In fact, 
.. .dylike persons weren’t expected to think in- 
. spendetttly at aQ f and any creative activity 
v as seen as rather shameful self-indulgence. 
. r /omen's magazines provided the main outlet 
. 'ir most wnteis like roe, and you were re* 
uired to turn out such drive! 

“So there I was. with a pile of papers on my 
_• ip, on the corner of the settee writing my sto¬ 
res and trying not to feel guilty if the maid 

■ aught a glimpse of me or visitors asked me 
;ihat I was dang." 

- Alice Jahier attacked women's magazines in 

Jahier: more and more like Colette . 

a famous article for Esprit in 1936. This partic¬ 
ular issue was significantly titled “Women Are 
People, Too.” Esprit, for which she wrote regu¬ 
larly, was the eminent left-wing intellectual re¬ 
view of the Catholic intelligentsia, directed by 
the philosopher Emmanuel Mourner; her hus¬ 
band, Valfery Jahier, was a contributing editor 
whose speciality was the cinema. 

So the house was full of screenwriters, critics 
and cinema affirionados like Henri Lasglois. 
who was then busily assembling films for the 
Cinematheque Francaise. Alice Jahier was cast 
in the role of the Parisian hostess, famous for 
her wit and her jade eyes, organizing dinner 
parties and gatherings while yearning to get 
back to the short story she had been forced to 
interrupt before lunch. 

Psychoanalysis, die says, kept her sane. 
Valery and she had laun ched into it at a time 
when it was hardly fashionable to do so. Her 
analyst was the legendary Marie Bonaparte, a 
direct descendant of Napoleon who had just 
been trained by Freud himself. It revolution¬ 
ized her life and still continues to do so, she 

World War I) just as she had finally 
cleared a comer of the fiat for herself. Val&ry 
had died by then, and she was forced to leave 

Paris, threatened by her Jewish origins. She 
fled to London, where she rallied to the Free 
French Cause, working on the protocol service, 
contributing regularly to French papers and 
writing programs for the BBC World Service. 
She began to acquire a considerable reputa¬ 
tion. and one critic described her style as 
“Dickensian" so much that Gen. de Gaulle 
himself was intrigued and asked her to lunch 
one day. 

“But he only gave me two hours' notice; you 
don't issue lunch invitations to a lady two 
hours in advance, now do you?" she recalls. 
“And besides. 1 really did have another en¬ 
gagement. So 1 turned lunch down; 1 can't un¬ 
derstand why people made such a fuss about 
that. The truth of the matter is that 1 don't 
really know what 1 could have said to him, 
surrounded by all those officers. Perhaps, if we 
could have lunched alone, I would have can¬ 
celed that other appointment.” 

She then wrote a book of prose-poems, 
“France inoubliable” (France Remembered), 
published in 1943, which accompanied photo¬ 
graphs of lyrical French landscapes and was 
introduced by T.S. Eliot. She realized, much to 
her surprise, that she had developed real nos¬ 
talgia for France. She longed to get back to 
Paris, her flat, her books and that private bit of 
desk she had finally acquired. 

When she did, she encountered a world that 
had been transformed beyond recognition. She 
returned to writing for assorted magazines and 
researching; one of her most imaginative tasks 
was working with Lotte Eisner on the French 
rendering of “L'Ecran Demoniaque,” the clas¬ 
sic of German Expressionist Cinema. 

In later years,’Alice turned to graphology 
(the study of handwriting! a profession that 
she views as an intuitive process, self-revealing 
yet always mysterious. 

“I have never done anything else but read 
and write all my life 1 write because I am a 
writer and that life exists for me through its 
written expression. I still cany on writing men¬ 
tally, always., even though I don’t see very 
much now. I never was ambitious in any way, 
and perhaps the period in which I grew up 
encouraged that passive altitude, but 1 don’t 
think 1 could have been more aggressive. 

“Writing is a compulsion, something that 
possesses you and that you own intimately at 
the same time; it is my whole life. When you. 
are marked out to be a writer, as Colette once 
said, and your whole inner substance, your 
very essence is words, you can't help it. you 
can’t live otherwise. 1 never could." ■ 

Antique Dealers’ ‘Hypermarket’ in London 

.V__ by ScottieHeld _ 

L ONDON — Insiders know about it, 
but few others have ever heard of one 
of London's most unusual antique 
markets. Allies on Chinch Street. 

"—- Allies is a dealers' market where people love 
WSlfo talk antiques, to trade and, above all, to 
. ... ,~rHeaL Professionals from Holland, Germany, 

;", - Australia, Japan and even the posh West End' 
"j.hops all buy here. The overhead is low, which 
. .7 ; [leans prices are, too. 

- -rzT But you don't have to be a dealer or a collec- 
* ^ or to enjoy a visit Go for the atmosphere. 

—‘Casual, informal, bustling— almost Duken- 
■ -ian,” is the way BennyGray, the owner, de- 
ctibes it 

V -V Mr. Gray pioneered the antique snpennar- 

' " ;et concept back in 1964. Since then, he has 

^oce^MMMhpened five more of them. This market was 
j Hwi oncaved as an unpretentious place away 
Sntl flW rom the high trade area of London's West 
,-nd. “And what could be less pretentious than 
3f?l» name Alfiesr asks Benny Gray. 

, toc original Alfie is Mr. Gray’s father, a 

’fcJCL - not onlv at his namesake market but 

‘.-jec ’is 

Smooth and shiny, all garden green and white. 

lattice work and carpets. When an under¬ 
ground river was discovered during the build¬ 
ing of Grays Mews, Alfie Gray stocked it with 
goldfish which be carried in little plastic bags 
from the pet store up the street. 

Don't be misled by the description of Alfies 
as a “supermarket." There are no nicely laid- 
out aisles, no bright lights, no orderly stock 
displays- It's all under (me roof, but only in the 
sense that many small buildings have been 
connected to one another. Holes have been 
knocked through walls, a stairway added here, 
a passageway there. 

Like any other London antique supermarket 
or “hypermarket,” it houses about 200 stalls 
and just about as many specialities — old lace, 
early photography equipment. Tmari vases, 
ship's telegraphs, Edwardian clothing, bottles 
and glass, old coins, ob jeis d’art. 

One shop, located in the basement, has a 
wonderful assortment of signs: cast-iron Lon¬ 
don street signs, Victorian postbox plaques, 
advertising posters and signs from public con¬ 
veniences m leaded glass. 

Another stall has an endless array of old 
souvenirs from ooce-fasbionMe English 
towns. One mug says, “1 left my heart in 
Ramsgate.” Endless numbers of plates and 
boxes commemorate Queen Victoria and 
Prince Albert. 

The strength of the British pound and the 

I L BORRO. Italy — To inquisitive tour¬ 
ists meandering’along the back roads of 
southeast Tuscany. 11 Borro may seem a 
quaint remnant of the past — nothing 
more than a tiny. 1,000-year-old hamlet nes¬ 
tled almost inconspicuously among roiling 
hills of vinevards and olive groves. 

A small cluster of weatherworn stone houses 
crests a ridge above a steep ravine. Cobble¬ 
stone roads snake their way through the vil¬ 
lage. leading to a miniature piazza and an una¬ 
dorned church. The placid, rural setting en¬ 
velops the village in tranquilirv. only occasion¬ 
ally disturbed by the sounds of an automobile. 

But to Amedeo di Savoya. Duke of Aosta, D 
Borro is more than a vestige of another era. 
The 37-year-old duke owns the isolated village 
20 miles southeast of Florence between San 
Giustino and Arezzo. And not only does he 
want to keep the village alive, he also envisions 
it as a seed for the future — a small, interna¬ 
tional center for culture. 

So it was with almost a paternal pride that 
he recently welcomed guests at the an gallery 
in the piazza. FrieDds, critics and buyers gath¬ 
ered to view the jewelry 3nd collages of Gio- 
conda Crivelli, a Florenline-born. New York- 
based artist It was an enthusiastic turnout and 
marked II Borro's first association with the 
New York art world. 

“Gioconda is Lhe first American artist to 
show her work here.” the duke explained after 
the show's opening. “And she has starred a 
relationship char I hope will grow. 1 love art 
and music and getting these people together 
because 1 want to get 11 Borro known and keep 
the interest alive.” 

Miss CriveUi’s exhibition is not B Bono’s 
first however. The gallery, originally a hospi¬ 
tal, was established nine years ago to house die 
works of Maurizio Mamelli. a Florentine art¬ 
ist. The favorable response from the local artis¬ 
tic community spawned the idea for a more 
ambitious exhibition two years later, when 
more than 1.000 contemporary Italian paint¬ 
ings were hung on the doors and wails of D 
Borro's 20 houses. 

Then, in 1977. music was added to the cul¬ 
tural repertoire. Even- year on the first Satur¬ 
day of July, musicians studying in Florence 
perform in the piazza at sunset “The concerts 
are not only romantic, they're beautiful.” said 
the duke proudly. “The sun has just begun to 

The Duke of Aosta singlehandedly restored the l ,000-year-old hamlet It Borro. 

iiigh rate of inflation have hurt the antiques 
market Unfortunately for the prospective 
buyer, this has not resulted in any lowering of 
prices. But in spite of the economic climate, 
Bennie Gray is planning a 200-stall addition to 
Alfies. He believes that the antiques business 
will pull out of its slump by the end of the 
year: “With the poor economy, a lot of dealers 
are forced to close their own shops and are 
moving into oun" 

U.S. dealers are buying stained glass, ceram¬ 
ic tiles, decorative architectural details and, 
above al! Art Deco.The Japanese are said to 
be the current big spenders. Those antique 
cloisonne vases for sale on the Ginza return to 
Tokyo via Alfies. 

If you are willing to slosh around in the rain 
with a flashlight at 5 a m. , you might get a 
better price at Bermondsey Market (across the 
Thames from the Tower of London). There is 
no overhead there at all — Bermondsey is an 
open-air market that closes before commuters 
begin their morning trip into the city. 

But other than Bermondsey, there isn’t any 
other market of comparable range that can 
come dose to Alfies on price. Most items are 
in the £1 to £500 range. 

Dealers are dealing. People are dickering, 
bickering, gossiping Go to Alfies and step into 
a Dickens novel But watch out: The Artful 
Dodger may be just around the comer. ■ 

Clive Cable surveys his stock at Alfies. 

seu the swallows fly low and there's nothing 
but classical music and birds singing.” 

Indeed, within the surrounding Tuscan com¬ 
munity. II Borro is slowly emerging as a cultur¬ 
al center. Bui it is not so much the events that 
make the village. Rather it is the village that 
makes the events. 

Built on the foundations of both Etruscan 
and Roman settlements. 11 Borro’s origins date 
back to circa 900, when a small chapel was 
erected. Later a castle was built and purchased 
in 1256 by Borro dal Borro, a nobleman from 

“No one knows for certain whether the Bor¬ 
ro family gave the name to the village or if the 
village gave the name to the family," said the 
duke. “If the family named the 'town, it is 
rather a coincidence, because in Italian borro 
means canyon and the town is surrounded by 

The castle disappeared mysteriously around 
this time — “There are no records of it,” the 
duke said — and several houses were con¬ 
structed sometime between 1300 and 1400. 

Over the years, the village grew into a thriv¬ 
ing parish. By 1S4S, II Borro was the center for 
more than 350 neighboring inhabitants. When 
the duke's grand-uncle (Vittorio Fmanuele. 
Count of Turin) bought the village as well as 
1,800 acres of adjacent properly in 1904, 250 
workers still populated me area. Yet. when the 
duke inherited the family estate in 1964, the 
village was almost deserted. 

“After World War II everyone started going 
to the main towns to work in factories. When I 
came, there were only three families left and 70 
percent of the houses were falling to pieces." 
Only the activities of the parish priest seemed 
to be keeping 11 Borro alive. Don PasquaJe 
Mencailini had constructed models of ancient 
shops that had been indigenous to the area. 

According to the duke, these models — tiny 
replicas of a tradition that was disappearing — 
had given D Bono a new reason for life. Bus¬ 
loads of children and local viators frequently 
came to admire Don Pasquale’s works: an inn, 
a cantina, a blacksmith's, an olive cellar, a 
flour mill and a tailor’s and carpenter's shop. 

“It was very important to me to have these 
people stay, to keep II Borro alive," the duke 
admitted. So. seven years ago, he began restor¬ 
ing the village. Local artisans were hired to 
reconstruct falling roofs and crumbling walls. 
The houses were painted in the traditional col¬ 
ors of pink, orange and yellow. And plumbing 
and electricity were installed. 

“Good plumbing and bathrooms —that was 
veiy important It's not a luxury. It’s to keep 
the people here. But we wanted to restore II 
Borro as genuinely as possible,” he added. 
“We wanted to keep the antiquity as it was, to 
keep the local color and traditions.” 

Word of the duke's renovations began to 

spread. Soon friends from Rome and Florence 
began inquiring about renting the empty hous¬ 
es as weekend retreats. And he willingly 
agreed, with the stipulation that the houses be 
decorated in the local tradition — a coat of 
while paint and simple Tuscan furniture. 

“It could not be fake.” the duke elaborated, 
“No air conditioners or 25-channel televisions. 
Unfortunately, today there's a big push to 
modernize Tuscany. Some villagers have a blue 
house with pink Gutters and blue steel stair¬ 
cases. And they’re bom in the most beautiful 
houses in the world. How can they?” 

Today, all but two of the bouses are inhabit¬ 
ed, and on weekends 11 Borro teems with visi¬ 
tors. By day, tourists stroll along the crooked 
streets," visit the an gallery and view Don 
Pasquale’s works, which now include a large 
creche scene and models from “Ptnocchio,” 
the traditional Italian fairy tale. And. at night, 
local residents come to dine in the small res¬ 
taurant. built five years ago at the foot of the 

In addition, just beyond its perimeters are a 
small airstrip and an exotic animal farm. The 
airstrip was built partially to make the area 
more accessible to guests. But it also serves as 
a meeting ground for (he Italian militia and 
members of a national flying club, The Jolly 
Gliders, who bold annual air shows in the sum¬ 
mer. Parachutists float through the sky, gliders 
soar from the adjacent Prolomagno range and 
dedicated engineers fly their model jets and 

Between the airstrip and n Borro a rare me¬ 
nagerie of animals roam in a large, fenced-in 
field. “I believe this is the only example in Eu¬ 
rope, and maybe in the world, where many an¬ 
imals from many continents live together,” 
said the duke, who is an avid animal lover. The 
collection, acquired predominantly from zoos, 
includes varieties of ostrich, flamingo, 
peacock, mandarin duck, kangaroo and black 
Australian swan. “It’s funny," he added.” 
"people don't seem to be able to coexist suc¬ 
cessfully. But animals do." 

Yet to the duke, this is what II Borro is all 
about — a successful coexistence not only of 
people, but also of the past, present and fu 
ture. He is currently setting up an arts ant 
crafts shop in one of the old houses just out¬ 
side the village. He is thinking about building 
an open-air theater, modeled after an ancient 
Greek design, on the slope of the ravine. He 
wants to turn one of the abandoned houses on 
his property into a 40-room hotel and restau¬ 
rant for guests and tourists. And be dreams of 
bringing artists, musicians and tourists from 
all over the world together at U Borro. 

“We have so many ideas, but it rousn’t be¬ 
come too big or too important or else the fla¬ 
vor will be lost. It must remain small, well- 
organized and cozy. And as natural as possi¬ 
ble.” ■ 

\JMli * 



Basic Sicilia... 

Noncompetitive Atmosphere 
A structured program for boys 
and giris who need to recover 
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ulty. Assistance for dyslexics.. 
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Sports, Pool, Tennis, Golf and 
Riding. Foreign Students. Col¬ 
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David W. Milne. Hdm. 

131 Gale Road 
Williafnstown, MA 01267 
Tel: 413-458-8138 



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eB department*. 52 alMetic mams lor boys 
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Nm Trait, MY. 10019 

For Information About 
Other Centers In More Than 
90 Me lor US. Clues S Abroad 
Outside N.Y. Stale m—. 

Beginning of the 1 B 81 /S 2 
fW. 11 . school year: 

Tuesday. September 22. 1B81 

For hill documentation, write: 


Tel. 025/35 21 54/55/56 - Telex BSVIL 26 553 


For all information please apply to our Educational 
Adviser: Mr. Paul A. Mayor, 

Z Rue du Vicaire-Savoyard- Phone: 44 1565. 



. Appears ■ \ 
Every Saturday 


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• Senior, junior and infant departments, 

• Modem building with sports grounds. 

ICING'S COLLEGE, Paseo De Las Andes. 
Seta De Vinualav B Golan, Madrid. 
Tel- 845.2844 

The art market 

1^4^1981 -{C\ 

Page8W \" 

Masters of Italian Baroque iFinally Back to Business as Usual 

L ONDON — “At one time." Sir Osbert 
Sitwell wrote of Bologna, “the city 
possessed its own race of painters; the 
three Carracci — Agosii^o, Annibale 
and Lodovico — and, among others, Guido 
Reni, Domenichino, Guerdno, Albani and the 
Gandolfi brothers." 

Of those named by Sir Osbert, Agostino 
Carracci, Albani and Guerdno are represented 
in the magnificent compilation of Italian Ba¬ 
roque paintings with which Matthiesen Fine 
Art (7-8 Mason's Yard, Duke Street, St 
James's, London SWI) opens a splendid new 
gallery on three floors. 

Attributed by Prof. Carlo Voipe to Agostino 
Carracci, “Cleopatra” is a fine example of 
High Baroque, an amalgam, so to speak, of 
Tintoretto and Veronese. 

Francesco Albani, who initially worked with 
the Carracci, is represented by a dramatic 
“Communion of Mary Magdalene." Giovanni 
Francesco Barbieri. called II Guerdno, is 
represented by two works, the most important 
of which is “The Return of the Prodigal Son," 
commissioned from him by Cardinal Boncom- 
pagni while Archbishop of Bologna and a fa¬ 
vorite theme of Guercino. who made at least 
seven versions of it. 

The great wonder of Italian Baroque is, of 
course, that Bologna was only one, and not the 
foremost, of cities to cherish and support a 
host of master painters. 

Here for example is one of Mattia Preti's 
tremendous Neapolitan Biblical dramas — 
“Salome with the Head of John the Baptist.” 
Painted early in his career, it is a restrained 
work compared with the magisterial “Martyr¬ 
dom of St. Catherine" in the Robert and Berti- 

by Max Wykes-Joyce 

been in the collection of Lord SackviUe at 

Three other of the 35 Baroque masters in 
this show must also be mentioned Among the 
first generation of Caravaggio's followers, Bar¬ 
tolomeo Manfredi (c. 1582-1620) worked so 
dose to his master’s style that even in the 17th 
century his work was often confused with that 
of Caravaggio. 

Manfredi is represented here by “The Flag¬ 
ellation" one of a series he made on the pas¬ 
sion and death of Christ, and companion to 
the "Christ Crowned with Thoms" formerly in 
the Mr. and Mrs. Paul H. Ganz Collection. 

Both Cesare Dandini (1596-1656) and Carlo 
Dolci (1616-1686) were the ornaments, early 
and late, of Florentine Baroque, and both were 
child prodigies. Dandini was apprenticed, aged 
12, to Francesco Cumuli, as weD as to other 
masters, including Domenico Passignano, 
whom he assisted in the decoration of Pisa Car 
thedraL He made many large religious works, 
but in his maturity was at his best in mytholog¬ 
ical figures and allegories, of which the hither¬ 
to unpublished “Orpheus” in the current exhi¬ 
bition is typical. 

The color scheme of this work is astonish¬ 
ingly bold — the sky a vivid cerulean, Or- 

L ONDON — The crazy days are over 
as far as Impressionist and Modem 
Masters are concerned. The sales hdd 
here this week, first at Christie’s on 
June 29 and the next day at Sotheby's, could 
hardly have followed a more rational, cool- 
headed pattern. ' 

The right works were sold for just about the 
right prices. And whenever reserves were too 
high — and pre-sale estimates, accordingly, 
overly optimistic — the pictures went back, 
. unsold, to their greedy vendors. 

On June 29 at Christie’s there was a perfect 
seaside view by Eugene Boudin from a good 
year — 1871, the year that preceded the offi¬ 
cial recognition of the Impressionist move¬ 
ment, when an an critic coined the very word 
from Monel's famed “Impression of a 

It was also the right sort of Boudin — not 
just an indistinct mass of gray and white 
strokes and blobs. The broad sweeping bay 
was painted in delicate shades of yellow and 
grayish green and the marvelous sky subtly lit 

by Souren Metflrfan 

tense green with touches of yellow, a color 
scheme that for reasons to be investigated 
(perhaps by psychiatrists) has never been pop¬ 

Typical of the new sober approach was the 
failure of a Picasso study of foliage virtually 
reduced to pure abstraction despite its early 
dating—the summer of 1907. This is a master¬ 
piece but a frail one. It is painted in tempera 
on poor quality paper that has been laid down 
on canvas. The paper has gone yellow and is 
likely to turn darker still. Professionals are 
never keen to take dunces. The work would 
look good in a museum but there weren't any 
museums in the r unning that day and it was 
left stranded. 

ns Suida Manning Collection in New York. 
Nevertheless it holds within it, especially in the 
treatment of the solemn visages of Salome, the 
executioner and the serving maid, the seeds of 
his later characterizations. 

Much traveled was Giovanni Benedetto 
Castiglione (1609-1665), who worked first in 
his birthplace Genoa, then in Rome, Mantua 
and Venice. Here he is represented by two 
strongly contrasting paintings — the autumn- 
colored, austere “Sl Francis in Ecstasy Ador¬ 
ing the Crucifix" and the huge, colorful and 
crowded “God Creating the Animals. " 

Ranged in a semicircle round a majestic 
God the Creator are a Dalmatian and a wild 
boar, a cat, geese, peacocks, hens, turkeys, a 
goat, a sheep, horses, an ibex; an ox and — 
head and shoulders above them all — an 
aphanapteryx. One wonders where on his tra¬ 
vels Castiglione encountered this cousin of the 
dodo. No matter. It is a creature in every sense 
of the word, of great magnificence. 

A younger artist who learned much from 
Castiglione, not so much in artistic techniques, 
but in his attitude to the artistic temperament, 
was the intensely poetical Salvator Rosa (1615- 
1673) present here in an early work “A Land¬ 
scape with Travelers Asking the Way." 

Rosa was the only considerable Italian Ba¬ 
roque landscapist — the others woe the 

de Landemeau,” fetched not a penny more 
than it is worth —£422,000. 

Shortly after, a lovely Pissarro country scene 
of a man moving against a background of trees 
and grassy hills was knocked down at £78,000. 
This is not an awful lot, but like so much of 
Pissarro’s work, the landscape is too subtle 
and too subdued to set crowds roaring with 
enthusiasm. Moreover, it is in shades of in- 

Professional coolness likewise accounts for 
the very moderate price of an excellent paint¬ 
ing by Bonnard in his most original manner of 
the post-Nabi period. The boldly composed 
landscape remotely reflects the impact of Japa¬ 
nese aesthetics, with its twisted tree in the fore¬ 
ground. The brushwork is that of later Impres¬ 
sionism but the color scheme in shades of blu¬ 
ish, grayish or yellowish greens with touches of 
rusty red is Etonnard's own. So is the idea: 
Children are picking up apples in a kind of 
fairy-tale atmosphere very much influenced by 
Symbolism. At £55,750, it was one of ibe more 
inspired buys of the sale. 

Only one painting soared far above the esti¬ 
mate, Georges Braque's “Le Vallon," (The 
Dale), a fabulous Fauve period landscape 
done in 1906. Such paintings are extremely 
rare. At £189,550, it was expensive, but still a 
reasonable bei. 

All told, Christie's score, with only 25 per¬ 
cent of the p ainting s bought in out of a gross 

total of £ 2.3 million, was creditable thanks to 
carefully calculated estimates. • . 

The next day Sotheby’s did even better in 
selling just over £52 million worth of paintings 
out of a gross total of £8.7 million, leaving, 
however, 40 percent unsold. The high buy-in 
rate was due to the failure of several important 
lots that carried exaggerated reserve prices. 

It is highly significant of the quiet mood of 
the week that, here again, 
flop. One. an early Cubist work of 1910. titled 
“Pcrsonnage a la Table," was bought m at 
£130,000. It is neither a very good painting nor 
one with the most stimulating provenance 
was in the Paris market only last you- ™ 
other Picasso casualty is a large portrait of the 
n<-nria«i«>I period in charcoal, pemture a res- 
xence and orfdated July 26,1920. It looks like 
an overblown sketch and was bough* m a* 
£270,000, suggesting a very high reserve. . 

Proof that the reticence in such cases is 
caused by sheer common sense rather than 
high interest rates is to. be found in the large 
prices paid in the same sale for other works. 

A boring but, some art historians say. histor- 

in liffdweuMip to a M^ortablc £795,600. A 
world record was established for Sisley at 
£356.800, with “La Seine a Argenteuil." The 
pretty, dainty landscape was painted in 1872, 
die crucial year for Impressionism- It is half 
Romantic — in fed and composition — and 
half Impressionist —in its light color scheme. 

A large Cubist study of a man drinking 

Koiuris have not run short of money. 

But when confronted with paintings, howev¬ 

er rare and desirable, .that are' not , in die: best 
condition and that are being dumped by rival 
dealers.' the trade gives up and: the'pannting 
crashes — as did a. Piet Mondrian-. bought m,' 
New. York by Stephen Hahn 13 years aga \ 

Far from being ominous, this new reatism is 
the best-hews that the market has haudin 
months. How to climb down-frtjm tbe dizzy 
heights without creating chaos .was.tito.prob-.. 
Iran. Apparently, the problem has bednisotyed.- 

The motto now is business as usual. 


New Outlets for Handicrafts from the Third World 

L ONDON — Handicraft lovers already 
know FRIDA, the enormous Covent 
Garden store crammed with reason¬ 
ably priced goods from Third World 
countries. Or the FRIDA shops in Paris and 
Toronto. But few know what FRIDA is really 
all about. 

The name stands for the Fund for Research 
and Investment for the Development of Afri¬ 
ca, which is enough to stop any shopper in his 
tracks. The four shops trace back to a former 
World Bank executive by the name of Diego 
Hidalgo and his young business colleagues in 
Paris and London. 

by Isabel Bass 

>A is really 

Detail, Cesare Dandini's “Orpheus. 1 

sunset light, manifestly influenced Nicolaes 
Berchem, who could well have seen it on his 
travels through Italy in 1642. This particular 
painting has a romantic connection with Eng¬ 
lish collectors: For more than 200 years (from 
1760 to 1975), it hung in Denton Park, 
Yorkshire, the seat of the Ibbetson family, 
while another similar Rosa landscape has long 

pheus' robe royal blue, his shoulder strap and 
the strings of his lyre an intense coral pink. Its 
early provenance is obscure, but the probabili¬ 
ty is that it was painted for one of Dandini's 
musical patrons, who include several members 
of the Media family and the musician Bartolo¬ 
meo LandinL 

Carlo Dolci may be accounted the epitome 
of Baroque painting. He is represented here by 
what art historian Charles McCorquodale has 
termed “one of the masterpieces of the Floren¬ 
tine 17ih century”: “David with the Head of 
Goliath.” This is one of a pair commissioned 
by the Marchese Rinucdni m 1669 (the subject 
of the other was “Salome with (he Head of St 
John the Baptist”). Passionate for detail, with 
the technical ability of a great master and a 
sense of dramatic color, Dolca has created an 
unforgettable image of innocence and evil. 

“Important Italian Baroque Paintings: 1600- 
1700" runs to July 31. Proceeds from the sale of 
catalogues will go for the restoration of the 
Guarino paintings at Solofra and the Giottesque 
frescoes in Santa Chiara. Naples. ■ 

“FRIDA is actually a venture capital com¬ 
pany set up five years ago to create productive 
employment in developing countries,” explains 
FRIDA vice-chairman and managing director 
Jose Luis Mombru, 38, in his London office. 
“With a SI0 million fund at our disposal, we 
decided that labor-intensive projects in Africa 
made the most sense to finance. Hacking labor- 
intensive activities would create more employ¬ 
ment, and Africa’s needs were obvious and 
poorly funded by existing aid sources.” 

After scouring Africa for handicrafts and 
other investment opportunities, the finance 
wizards were forced to set up a marketing net¬ 
work outside Africa. “Africa was not a market 
with enormous local consumption, so we set 
up the FRIDA shops to complement our de¬ 
velopment activity^ says Mr. Mombru. j 

The school of hard knocks taught them that | 


' mb Itfi at tan. Bt; Itatf. 25t 

eckopean edition—Paris. RrxnAT. Jrxv 




toe Venice book is rntroQ^P^evrooints. , QX busin esS 

3 uoe Photo- ^^^f^^epe^e^nvement 

bvoneot *e n-ssss? 

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Please seed me. 

. copies ofTHE FRONT PA0C 

US.S32 or equivalent in any Europeancurrency - plus postage: 
in Europe, please add S2.50 or equivalent for each copy, 
outride Europe, please add $8 or equivalent for each oopy. 

Complete iniA return tlw coupon with your check or BWfly 
order in the currency of your choice to: 

International Herald Tribune, Special Projects Department, 

181 avenue Charics-de-GauDc, 92521 Netllhr Cede*, France. 


City and Code-. 


they were poor mrachandisers. So they 
franchised the shops, heaved a sigh of relief' 
and turned back to their first love, consultan¬ 
cy. As a result, the shops can serve as market¬ 
ing consultants but each has developed a style 
and a stock of its own. 

London's FRIDA, with wood floors and 
fem plants, is the compleat modem import ba¬ 
zaar. Unlike many handicraft shops in the 
British capital, it is crammed with goods from 
five continents, including Europe. Almost ev¬ 
erything —home decorations, fashion accesso¬ 
ries, gifis of all sizes and shapes — is hand¬ 
made and affordable. 

This is where you purchase your red leather 

and straw coolie-shaped hat from Upper Volta 
for £16JO, that Kenya two-tone bamboo 
armchair for £30 and a good-looking shell 

m-rirlar- for 10 p. 

There are enormous scarves from Syria 
(£4.25), brightly colored Guatemalan belts 
(£4.20), Indian lacquer boxes, Sri Lankan 
lamps and elephant figures, wicker laundry 
baskets directly imparted from the Philippines, 
UNICEF notepaper and cards. 

The most popular items, according to mana¬ 
ger Alan Camas, are handpainled Peruvian 
mirrors (£12 to £50), Mexican terracotta fig¬ 
ures of gods (£10 to £ 21 ) and hasketwares. 

Noting that wallcoverings don't sdLwefl in 
England, Collins poin ts wi ih pride to tte rggs. 
There are wool 9-by-12-foot rugs from Yugo¬ 
slavia (up to £275), camel ones from Ethiopia 
(£75) and heavy cotuft ones covered with mud 
paintings from the Ivory Coast (£35).; ?. . 

The FRIDA shop iq Paris offers a.'totaliy. 
different shopping eicperierice. JTiis intimate 
space on the Left Bank .with dark walls : *nd 
discreet lighting sells more .fijMnarketitems. 
There are beautiful handmade pottery ryots 
from Mali that look Eke they cost much more 
than a mere 50 frants, African chairs hewed 
from pure wood (l,l50 francs), woodftapkm 7 . 
holders with three dimenfflonalamnialsniade 
in Kenya (29 frahcsV : . 

The special quality of the Paris shop is due " 
in part to manager Mariine Demeusois* love of > 
contemporary crafty Part of her job as she sees 
it, is to educate the French market toward the 
African craftsmen and away from the commer- 
daT ethnic product. -As h- result, shoppers are 
often treated to a guided tour of the wares on . 
sale. 3;-v- - - - 4 

- “These leather •bokes," she was explaining to 
one browser Tecexidy; l^re used to store preci¬ 
ous items in Nigeria.;Tbuy them from crafts¬ 
men who work, gn a c ooper a tive project there:; - 
When I. had problems- selling some of them 
because the derign iyasn’t good enough. ? sent 
back that , information to help guide theft in 
theirwork.” ..... 

The Paris shop also serves as amart gaBay: 
One of the recent shows was of tapestries Aom 
Lesotho, woven by women and depicting tradi¬ 
tional scenes. The show, now touring France, 

tional scenes. The show, now touring France, 
has links with a FRIDA project located hear 
Maseru, Lesotho’s capital. t ; ^ 

Mr. Mombru, himself the proud owner of a 
Lesotho tapestry that how decorates his office 
wall, hopes to channel more products from up- 
coming FRIDA prqjects into FRIDA shops, 
probably wooden toys and- ceramics. This is 
good news for bandScraft shoppers who aim 
for coniempiaraiycraftworkat affordable pric¬ 
es and svmddJmiic schlock 

Detail of a lively Blue Mountain tapestry from Lesotho, a FRIDA craft project. 

FRIDA London:!U Long Acre; WC2E 9NT 
London, teLOl-836-5051; Paris: 9ruedu Dra¬ 
gon. Paris 6. ttk 227J7:02; Toronto: 81 Front 
Street East, Toronto M5E IBS, tel: (416)366- 
3139.. U 




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Quid Brain Tun iors 
Tied to Parents’ Jobs 


Page 9 

U.S. Scientists Oppose Satellite Power Plan 

WASHINGTON — Hie expo¬ 
sure at parents to _diemc&ls at 
work may cause brain tnjnors in 
theirchildirn,accordizjgtoa jaew- 
study - at the University of South¬ 
ern California Medical School 

' If the results of the new study 
were , extrapolated to die society at 
large.if could ibean that the efiero- 
!• ical. expos ur e Of parent^ accounts 
•for 35 pe rc ent of afl. the childhood. 
,. bram tninors_m the country, ao- 

- cording tapDr.'Jdhn M. Peters, 

■ wfo^thestudy. ‘ 

The, most striking finding was 
. that a yery : large number, of the 
' c&fldren -with Main tumors had 
parents wholwork in the aircraft 
Industry in Lds Angeles. 

The study w the Erst to show a 
relation between the occupation of 
pareofeaBd /brain tomocs in chil- 
;.dren* according to Dr. Alan Levi- 
. ton ofHarvafd, a specialist in 
chfldlKXjd br^ tiinwre vdio is 
rioriongoara similar comparison. 
He and others say thestudy is im- 

- -portent in tstablishmgthe cause of 

childhood bram tumors and the 
hazards ofwcxkplace chemicals. 

It also found three Hmw mnw 
exposure to chemicals among 
mothers of children than 

among mothers in the control 

Dr. Peters said that the disease 
might have been passed to children 
from fathers either through genetic 
damage m the father's reproduc¬ 
tive system, or, more directly, by 
such things as chemicals dinging 
to a father's clothing when he 
comes home. 

For mothers, the exposure dur¬ 
ing pregnancy or nursing could 
have a direct effect mi die fetus or 
infant. - 

By Bryce Nelson 

Los Angela Tima Service 

WASHINGTON — A top scientific panel 
has opposed as too costly any plans for a 
space project t h at would send 60 satellites, 
each about half the size of Manhattan inland, 
into orbit to generate electricity on Earth. 

The satellite power system, while techni¬ 
cally feasible, would cost S3 trillion over the 
next d ec ad e; a figure more than four time* 
the current federal budget, according to the 
panel The scientists also said that the cost of 
the electricity produced would be much high¬ 
er than electric power produced by other 

The panel, headed by physicist Dale R. 
Corson, president enemas of Cornell Uni¬ 
versity, is composed of top scientists and en¬ 
gineers from the National Research Council 

of the National Academy of Sciences, an in¬ 
stitution set up to advise the government. 
Mr. Corson said in an interview Thursday 
that the members of the committee were 
unanimous on the issue. 

The report cited by the panel was based 
on a three-year study sponsored by the De¬ 
partment of Energy with the assistance of 
tiie National Aeronautics and Space Admin¬ 
istration. Spokesmen for the two agencies 
said Thursday that they had not had an op¬ 
portunity to read the National Academy of 
Sciences' report and could not comment on 
its findings. 

NASA spent about $20 million in research 
on the satellite power system d uring the 
1970s. The idea was first proposed in 196S 
by Peter Glaser, an official of the private 
consulting and research firm Arthur D. Lit¬ 
tle Inc 

The system calls for satellites 3 miles by 5 
miles in size to beam converted solar energy 
to receiving stations on Earth. Hie receiving' 
stations, one for each of the 60 satellites and 
measuring 6 by 10 miles, would turn the mi¬ 
crowaves beamed from space into 300 hfflion 
watts of electricity. 

The system would be “by far the largest, 
most costly and most complex under laying 
— civil or military — ever attempted,'* the 
committee said, adding that it would in¬ 
terfere with Earth's radio communications 
and optical and radio ast r on om y. 

The committee said also that workers on 
the satellites would be exposed to unpredict¬ 
able bursts of ionizing radiation from the 
sun, requiring shielded cellars where they 
could sit and wait out the sun's bursts of 

Gunman in Belfast 
Fires Shot at Paisley 

U.S. Doctors Diagnose 41 Cases of Rare Cancer in Homosexual Men 

Comparative Study 

The stndy tooJc 92 children with 
brain tumors and examined the oc¬ 
cupational exposure of the chil- 
. dren’s parents, that compared that 
with a - similar group of healthy 
children and their parents from the 
same Los Angeles neighborhoods. 

- Of 92' familie s with a diseased 
chad, 10. fathers reported working 
in the aircraft industry. Among the 
92 ctAtixoIiaxiiihes rune reported 

By Lawrence K_ Altman 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK, — Doctors in New 
York and California have diag¬ 
nosed among homosexual mm 4] 
cases of a rare and often rapidly 
fatal form of cancer. Eight of the 
victims died less than 24 months 
after the diagnosis was ma A- 
The cause of the outbreak is un¬ 
known, and there is no evidence of 
contagion. But the doctors who 
have made the diagnoses are alert¬ 
ing other physicians who treat 
large numbers of homosexual mm 

in an effort to help identify more 
cases and to reduce the delay in 
chemotherapy treatment. They 
said there bad been no cases of the 
disease diagnosed in men who are 
not homosooial or in women. 

The sudden appearance of the 
cancer, called Kaposfs Sarcoma,’ 
has prompted a medical investiga¬ 
tion that expats say could have as 
much scientific as public health 
importance because of what it may 
teach about determining the causes 
of other, more common, types of 

Dote Expects Senate to Approve 
Tax-Cut Measure Within 2 Weeks 

^ Parents of children with brain 
tumors had 3 to 10 times more ex- 
posnre to chemicals at work than 
the .parents of healthy children, 
- . Dr. Peters and his co-workers, Su- 
‘ san Preston-Martm and Mimi Yu, 
wrote m an article published in 

; r i * "We started off knowing almost 
- •" nothing about the causes of brain 
tumors in . kids. It is the second 
loafing cause of death among chfl- 
dren, afterleukemia," they said. 

Print and Solvents 

TBe^ study found seven times 
mare .workplace exposure to paint 
fames, and three times more expo- 

tomes, and tnree tunes more expo- 
_;sure to chemical solvents among 
"--fathers of'diseased children than 

amo ng 


fathers in 


4. Peking Officials in Italy 

The Associated Press 

. ROME — A seven-man delega¬ 
tion of the Chinese Communist 

' *»ifv OTrniwt in Pmu Tnvtnv fra' a 

. r 10-day visit to Italy as guests of 
Jbc Italian Communist Party. The 
Idegatkm will confer with Italian 
- ^ommtmist leadens and will meet 
taliaii ^President Sandro. Pertini, 

- Ao visited China in September. 

Wasfmgtoe Past Service 

WASHINGTON — Stepping up 
pressure on House Democrats to 
move ahead with a tax-cut bill. 
Sen. Robert J. Dole, Finance Com¬ 
mittee chairman, said tha t be 
hoped to have a tax bill passed 
within two weeks. This would re¬ 
verse the traditional procedure 
whereby the House passes tax leg¬ 
islation and sends it to the Senate. 

The Kansas Republican Thurs¬ 
day announced his intention to file 
the panel’s bill on Monday for 
likely floor action during the week 
of July 13. The bill includes a 25- 
percent ent in individual tax rates 
over three years, and a large busi¬ 
ness tax cut centered on acceler¬ 
ated and more generous depreda¬ 
tion write-offs for investment. The 
president supports the btll strong¬ 
ly, Sen. Dole said. 

Sen. Dole also said that his com¬ 
mittee is Innicing for ft better way 
of boosting savings than the so- 
called afi-savezs certificate that is 
mcfr idffri in the panel's tax hill re¬ 
ported outlast week. 

The certificate, which would al¬ 
low savers to earn up to S1JJ00 tax 
free ($2,000 for a married couple), 
has been approved by the House 
Ways and Means Committee, too. 
It hfts been heavily supported by 
the bdeaguercd savings .and Joan, 
industry, but is opposed by the ad¬ 

ministration as too costly and inef¬ 

Sen. Dole said there was consid¬ 
erable doubt about whether such 
an “all-savers” certificate would 
really promote overall saving, or 
whether “there would just be a 
transfer of funds in certain (high 
tax] brackets to get the $1,000 or 
$2,000 tax-free interest" 

Priest Is Killed 
In Guatemala 

The Associated Press 

identified man shot and killed an 
Italian Roman C ftthnlic priest and 
a religious worker in the village of 
Campos Nuevos, church workers 
said Thursday. 

Tbe sources, asking not to be 
identified, did not provide details 
of the attack in winch the Rev. 
MarcheDo Marurao, 51, died. 

Meanwhile, a Marxist guerrilla 
group claimed responsibility far a 
suitcase bomb here Wednesday 
that killed an airport baggage han¬ 
dler. It said an m Airlines 
plane was the target, and had it 
cot been for a 45-mmnte takeoff 
delay, government officials said, 
the bomb might have gone off in- 
the air. 

a sense of proportion. 


^ 0 ** People who shape the world can’t 
^afford to see it from just one angle. 
...--'Not to let nearby events obscure What’s - 
^ ^ happening dsevybere. 

' : That’s-why successful people in 143 

. ^countries read the International - 
^'Herald Tribune each day. Printed in 

**Paris, London, Zorich and Hong Kong, 
At has a uniquely international vantage 
....-ooinC.-.a world view that sheds new 
ight on distant events and places 
— - -National news in a global context. 


Each day, the Trib carries over 40 
t ^temadoqal datelines. Rigorously 
*** : subjective fact balanced with astute 
...analysis. Informed opinion spiced with 

incisive humor. Hus sports and culture, 
features and funnies, puzzles arid 

Compact and concise, quick and 
dear, the Trib is designed to suit the 
lifestyle, fit the workstyle of today's 
decision makers. People who give 
each thing the time it’s worth. 

People with a sense of proportion. 

Receive the IHT every day at your 
home or office. Take advantage of our 
special introductory discount: 25% off 
the regular subscription rate or up to 
42% off tbe newsstand price, depending 
on your country of residence. Return 
the coupon today. Benefit from a 
broader viewpoint. 

□ 3 months 




Kaposi's Sarcoma usually ap¬ 
pears first in one or more violet- 
colored spots anywhere on the 
body. The spots generally do not 
iich or cause other symptoms, of¬ 
ten can be mistaken for bruises, 
sometimes appear as lumps and 
can turn brown after a period of 
time. The cancer often causes 
swollen lymph glands, and then 
kills by spreading throughout the 

‘Ratfaer Devastating’ 

In a letter alerting other physi¬ 
cians to the problem. Dr. Alvin E. 
Frie dman -Kien of New York Uni¬ 
versity Medical Center, one of the 
investigators, described the ap¬ 
pearance of the outbreak as 
“rather devastating.” 

Dr. Friedman-Kien said Thurs¬ 
day that he knew of 41 cases re¬ 
ported. The federal Center for Dis¬ 
ease Control in Atlanta is expected 
to publish the first description of 
the outbreak in its weekly report 
Friday, according to a spokesman. 
Dr. James Curran. The report 
notes 26 of the cases — 20 in New 
York and 6 in California. 

The nationwide incidence of Ka¬ 
posi’s Sarcoma in the past had 

been estimated by tbe Center for 
Disease Control to be annually 
about two cases in every three mil¬ 
lion people. But the disease ac¬ 
counts for up to 9 percent of all 
cancers in a belt across equatorial 
Africa, where it affects children 
and young adults. 

In the United States, it has af¬ 
fected primarily men older than 
50. But in recent months, doctors 
at nine medical centers in New 
York and seven hospitals in Cali¬ 
fornia have been diagnosing cases 
among younger men, from 26 to 51 
years old, an of whom said in the 
course of standard diagnostic in¬ 
terviews that they were homosexu¬ 

Crafting Reports 

Nine of the 41 cases known to 
Dr. Friedman-Kien were diag¬ 
nosed in Califcfrnia, and several of 
those victims reported that they 
had been in New York in the peri¬ 
od preceding the diagnosis. Dr. 
Friedman-Kien said that his col¬ 
leagues were checking on reports 
of two victims diagnosed in Co¬ 
penhagen, one of whom had visit¬ 
ed New York. 

According to Dr. Friedman- 
Kien, tbe reporting doctors said 
that most cases had involved 

homosexual men who have h«H 
multiple and frequent sexual en¬ 
counters with different partners, as 
many as 10 sexual encounters 
night up to four times a week. 

Many of the patients have also 
been treated for viral infections 
such as hopes, cytomegalovirus 
and hepatitis as wefl as parasitic 
infections such as amebiasis and 

Cancer is not believed to be con¬ 
tagious, but conditions that might 
precipitate it, such as particular 
viruses or environmental factors, 
might account for an outbreak 
among a single group. 

The medical investigators say 
some indirect evidence actually 
points away from contagion as a 
cause. None of the patients knew 
another patient, althoug h the theo¬ 
retical possibility that some may 
have had sexual contact with a per¬ 
son with Kaposi's Sarc oma at 
some pant in the past could not 
be excluded. Dr. Friedman-Kien 

Dr. Curran said there was no ap¬ 
parent danger to noobomosexuals 
from contagion. “The best evi¬ 
dence against contagion,*’ Ik said, 
“is that no cases have been report¬ 
ed to date outside the ImmiKwiml 
community or in women.” 

Untied Press International 

BELFAST — A gunman shot at 
a police car carrying militant Prol¬ 
es Lam leader Rev. Ian Paisley on 
Friday in a Roman Catholic dis¬ 
trict of Belfast. 

The leftist Irish National Liber¬ 
ation Army claimed responsibility 
for the single shot fired at tbe car 
in the Markets area of the city *as 
Mr. Paisley was being driven un¬ 
der guard from a BBC studio to his 

Police said it was a high-velocity 
bullet, and Mr. Paisley said it nar¬ 
rowly missed the car before hitting 
and chipping a wall 

“I heard something of it, I 
thought at first it was a stone that 
had been thrown, but the police 
knew immediately," Mr. Paisley 
said. “It was they who got on the 
radio and said one high velocity 
shot has been fired.” 

Mr. Paisley said that a call for 
his arrest by at least one Roman 
Catholic leader incited the at¬ 

“The fact that he said I should 
be arrested would seem to me that 
people would take that as a green 
light from turn go ahead and deal 
with Ian Paisley ... some people 
want me to die,” be said. 

The INLA in the past has 
claimed responsibility for killing 

3 Killed in Explosion 
At Gas Plant in Spain 

The Associated Press 

BARCELONA — Three persons 
were killed in an explosion at one 
of the Catalan gas company’s pro¬ 
duction plants in a Barcelona in¬ 
dustrial suburb, the dvD gover¬ 
nor’s office said Friday. The blast 

apparently was set off by a work¬ 
er's blowtorch. 

The report said that two workers 
welding a pipe at the plant were 
killed instantly Thursday and the 
body of a woman, presumably a 
passerby, was found lata in die 

British Conservative leader Auey 
Neave and Lord Mounibatten, un¬ 
de of Queen Elizabeth If. 

The shooting came in the midst 
of a furor over Mr. Paisley's exhor¬ 
tation Thursday night to 2,000 mil¬ 
itant followers in a military-style 
march near the Irish republic bor¬ 
der, “Shall we allow ourselves to 
be killed by the IRA. or shall we 
gp out and kill the killers?” 

Mr. Paisley said he would form 
a Protestant army to fight the 
Catholics of the IRA in Northern 
Ireland and vowed to torpedo a 
cautious new British proposal to 
give the Catholics a say in ru nning 
the province. 

Speaking at Six Mile Cross near 
an Irish Republican Army strong¬ 
hold, Mr. Paisley announced im¬ 
mediate recruitment for a new or¬ 
ganization named “Protestants. 
United in Defense of their Homes 
and Heritage-” 

Mr. Paisley’s remarks touched 
off a storm of protest among 
Roman Catholic leaders, and 
Northern Ireland Secretary Hum¬ 
phrey Atkins said police were in¬ 
vestigating whether Mr. Paisley 
broke the law by inciting his fol¬ 
lowers to violence against the IRA. 

The British government put 
Northern Ireland under its direct 
rule in 1972, ousting the local Prot¬ 
estant government because of the 
violence. Attempts since then to 
establish a system of self-govern¬ 
ment in which the Catholic minori¬ 
ty would be guaranteed a share of 
power have been wrecked by Prot¬ 
estant opposition. 

Mr. Atkins announced another 
such initiative Thursday. He said 
the government proposes to create 
a 50-member, nonsectarian North¬ 
ern Irish Council to advise him on 
running the province. He said it 
would have no legislative authority 
but would be the first step toward 
restoration of local political au¬ 

“If he should set up this body, 
our purpose would be to bring it to 
a speedy end,” Mr. Paisley said. 


Eurocontinental \ 
Management Resources, inc. 


Director of Systems 
Engineering - Europe 

IBM Plug Compatible Systems Manufacturer 
London Based - New Appointment 

The Position 

Our clients are world leaders in the manufacture and installation of high quality 
products in the IBM Plug Compatible market, supplying and developing a wide 
range of peripherals, telecommunications and main frame systems, with an 
exceptional reputation for excellence and reliability. 

The European corporation, headquartered in London, England, is growing 
rapidly with subsidiaries in all major countries. The already substantial user 
base and organisation is increasing at a fast pace throughput each territory. 
The development of existing and new systems products requires the growth of 
a powerful systems engineering group throughout each business area in 
Europe, to service the increasing needs of customers, maintaining the 
reputation and quality of service previously referred. 

Experience Required 

Reporting to senior H.Q. management, the Director of Systems Engineering— 
Europe, will be a highly qualified, mature manager with in depth experience 
and training in IBM systems and customer SE support operations, ideally on a 
European or regional scale. Additional attractive experience will include 
management of a major IBM user site. 

The candidate will demand high professional standards, be ambitious, 
business orientated, highly motivated and have a successful track record of 
hiring skilled professionals in Europe. 

The Director of European Systems Engineering will be experienced in working 
with senior management executives in close teamwork with user and client 


The position will carry a highly attractive income package with appropriate 
benefits commensurate with the seniority and vital nature of the appointment 
Your application and personal career history is invited as soon as possible, in 
strictest confidence quoting reference Euro/IHT781 addressed for the 
attention of The Director, Eurocontinental Management Resources, inc., 
Mercantile House, 99-101 St Leonards Road, Windsor, Berkshire, SL4.3BZ, 


in Maastricht (The Netherlands) 

« an interdisciplinary and multinational institute for pre¬ 
service and in-service training of civil servants from the 
Member Stales of the European Community and for research 
into the subject of European and comparative public adminis¬ 
tration. Working languages are French and English. 

The Institute requires a 



Function requirements: 

Pot this dynamic position at executive management level we 
require someone with: 

— a university degree (Ph.D.); 

—a good knowledge of the working languages 

— the capability of functioning as a member of an inter¬ 
national management team; 

— extensive experience in the training and education of 
senior civil servants or managers. 

Function responsibilities; 

Among the responsibilities assigned to the Director of 
Training are: 

— investigation into pre-service training needs of civil 
servants at European level (within the framework of 
the EEC}; 

—development of pre-service and in-service training for 
civil servants from the EEC and the Member States; 
—Jo give leadership to a multi-national team of profes¬ 
sors (full-time and part-time) responsible for the execution of 
pre-service and in-service training programs. 


Taking into account knowledge and experience of the 
appointed candidate, the salary can vary from Dfl. 6.959,- to 
Dtf. 9.585,- per month, plus interesting secondary conditions 
of employment. 

Applications before August 15th ; to be addressed to: 

The General Director of the European Institute 
of Public Admi nis tration, Bnissenestraat 51, 

6211 PB MAASTRICHT. Vac. nr. IX/106. 

Europe's largest 
software company needs 



international Manag em ent Consultants 


SEARCH COMPANY S JL, the Geneva based saUdketes of the CapL 
ftd Group, tee. (alii, international investmentmanagementorgani- 
zdion with « u b«k fiigie» m a n a g in g assets of ever $10 MEon). They 
wfafi to add to their team af i n d mafioad portfo B e managers and 
financial analysts one and possibly two investment p r of e irion c d i. 
B eca us e of the ngnd growth of the international Inve s t m e n t ac tiv it ies 
of the group, them positions offer cumfdendj lo scope far develop¬ 
ment and real opportunities for assuming substantial retponsBtSfies. 
Experience is required in at least one af the fallowing fields: 

1) ntandiond port folio m m wi ga m ant 

2) ■i v eU mon t nueu r d v inducting field research end visits with com- 
pany man a ge ments . 

3) r e r ear rh and/or portfotio management for mn vei t id e ipqjrilios. 
Thaw p wWoM tetanr* initiative, flexibility, i n ts gg y and an abffity 
to common kote e ffe ctively in Engbh and at least one other lan¬ 
guage, pr efe w dsfy French, German or Ja pan ese . Swim nuBunutit y or 
vafid Swiss work permit required for Geneva assignment. AppBco- 
tiom far pamMde assignment to locations In London, the USA or the 
Far East wE also be rnnrirfairod 


BA Pefichet, MSL, Signausfraue 9, 8008'ZOrieh, Switzerland, 
PHONE: 01/47 56 36 (re f. 8632-S). 

No in f or m ation staS be dndosed to anybody without your speahe consent, 
given offer on interview wrth a local MSL consutiont. 

U.S. company k looking for a 
highly professional individual to 
plan, direct and coordinate the 
activities of their subsfcEary office 
in Zurich. Tins office supports a 
strong network of European dis¬ 
tributors which sells our com¬ 
pressed air co mp onents. 
Applicants should po ssess strong 
marketing and communi cation 
skills, with on enginee rin g back¬ 
ground, and should have experi¬ 
ence in working with European 
distributors or sales organiza¬ 

fluency in English and German is 
essential, and knowledge of 
other languages would be ad¬ 

Applicants should bo af Swa cit¬ 
izenship or possess a Swiss C 
work permit. 

Please send defaced resume » 
English, wRh photo, mdbdmg sal¬ 
ary expect at ions tot 

WBfcetsQB C orporation 
1301 W. JBi ifi old Am. 
B i^ewo od, Colorado 10110ILSJL 
Attn.* HiternnHend Dept. 

Cincom Systems International, the leading 
software company in Europe with 12 wholly 
owned offices, operating in eight countries, 
is looking for a highly trained professional in public 
'relations, sales promotion and advertising. 

Under the direction of this responsible man¬ 
ager will be the planning and implementation of ail 
corporate and marketing communications. 

This person must be a highly skilled writer 
and exhibit proven creative skills, and drive to 
keep pace with the growth of European oper¬ 
ations. Fluency in French and German desirable. 

A minimum of eight years experience is expected. 
Salary and benefits will be commensurate with 
this. Send confidential resume to: 

The Eurocommunlcatioiis Groun, 



29 mors of bread and msuo! axperir na in engnurin, etiemtiHeiqA marketing and 
opm a t io m in the U.S.A., UAi America, Europe and Nami Africa involving nmftHTBffion 
markets far mcfcstrtol «Ma»* manufacturing fame in rtm U.SA end U.K. Ruent 
&*9fah. SponMi, (m»»Jedga hafion, Portuguese end French. U.S.A. citizen. European 

" d **'■ “""S 

- to 217, Harold Tribone, Pedro Tabcaira 8, Madrid 20, Sotrin. 

Tokyo Exchange 

Paris Commodities 

Eurocurrency Interest Rates 

AsaM Gloss 

Oaf Nfe print 
Fail sank 



Jam Air l_ 
Kauai EUPwr. 


Kirin firrary 
Motto EL list 
Matsu ELWks 

July 3,1m 

m MfttutfChem. 
MO HMtsuDl Corn, 
ljw MttiublEtec 
873 Mitsui CA¬ 
SS' MUsukasM 
410 Nlkkn Securities 
IM Nomura 

09 NIpmi Else. 
1.110 Nippon Steel 
39S Sharp 
2 M Sony Core 
2350 Sumitomo Bonk 

«* Sumttamo CMm. 

tFHwrpain Froncfl frones per metric hml 

Htth Law daw 

nt SumHwnoCten- 177 

573 Sumitomo Mstul M 

NA Totoho Marine 385 

479 Tokedn 914 

441 Tallin 315 

341 Tokyo Mortne 743 

1420 Tom 3£ 

M8 TevOtO 1490 

393 Yomafdii 3M 

Aua 2405 2440 2440 2445 

Od 2455 U10 94« Uu 

NOV N.T. N.T. 1330 23B 

Dec 2320 23BS 2304 2310 

Mar 2390 2390 23V 2305 

M«y N.T. N.T. 2400 2425 

JtV N.T. N.T. 2410 24S 

Aua K.T. N.T. 2430 2470 

300 lot* e*S) ton*. Open imprest: 8442 























12 V.-nn. 




























London Commodities 

Hew ban: 3MA31 Prevlm; SC747 
MMtof-DJ Index; 73H34 } Pravfam: 7JMJ* 





1J0O UN 



UM 1.108 




M» — 




1.130 - 




1.110 — 




1.160 — 




UIS - 

S latt of 18 ton*. 0 nan IntoriMf: 4K 






(Prion In otorflno per metric ton) 

(Gasoil in UJL onUon ner metric ton) 

KMR Low dm PpMtolK 
(Bto-Astort) (Ora) 


Aw 20500 201 JK) TOM 20335 20135 20139 

Ota BUD 30200 20495 30530 TO35 3BZJ0 

Jtm N.Q. NjQ, 30445 30530 20230 30MB 

Mar 20675 20530 20130 30875 ag.90 2 MM 

May 71130 209LD0 31130 711JO 200.15 MX 

AW 71130 Z1UD 21229 ZM30 310JD0 31130 

Oct NJ2. NjQ. 71125 3)500 21165 31350 

2317 lets at 50 tons. 


Jty 95130 90530 9*530 M Wll 92M0 

Sep 97130 nMO 97238 97M0 949J0 PJMO 

Dec 1315 9*430 130* 1309 9BM0 98600 

Mar 13X1 RH30 1325 13M JAW 13W 

MOV UMI 1301 130* U07 LOW MBS 

Jly 1«0 U1W IW W « 

Sep 1340 1350 1399 1310 1351 1351 

*737 Ms oMO tons. 


Jly 74130 328B0 74030 KUO WL08 W» 

Sep 77730 75730 77030 77130 7030 78930 

NW 71830 75330 7*730 HUD H330 7*338 

Jan 7*130 75430 74030 73030 76138 76330 

Mar 74800 75000 TtTJtO 7(030 7S730 75*30 

Ntov 7038 75730 K230 76U0 75830 76030 

Jlv NX N.T. 7*530 77030 74030 77030 

127) lots of S tans. 


London Metals Market 

(Ftovfes to l*erllna per metric ten) 

(5llw to penca per tray euncel 
July 2.1901 _ 

TMtoy Pravtou 

BM Asked M* ASM* 
CcWMrwfrobari: _ 

Spot |*Sj 00 M4fl 9*730 147JO 

ImentM 09050 mm « 

CotteMaimf SfUO 0*1* »£«> 

smooths iooa) am JO 9£J» «&» 

Tin: spot 8*38118 *43530 44K* tfflfl 

Smooths 872530 <l7X* 873M0 

Lead: spot 39030 30130 37S* M 

3 months 30050 BUB »*» »* 

Tine- not 4A0O *4*30 439JD 48190 

Silver: Spot 44850 447J0 4*50 4MJ0 

3 months 49950 44030 **» 

Aluminium: SPOT *1130 61230 60730 MB30 

3 months 631J0 *3100 

Nickel: spot SL3ZUD 313*030 3JBMQ UK» 

Smooths 134030 WtMO 3JM08 3HSSM 

European Gold Markets 

Where Next 
Meier Climbs 
Will Develop 

And Why the Public 
Usually Misses Out 
As Prices Take Off 

Capitol Offshore readers saw It happen 
last winter prices of (elected grenrth 
issues staging 50 and TOO percent ad. 
voices after wkJeiy-foJlowed U.S. ana¬ 
lysis had stampeded each other Mo ■*- 
luring blanfaet setfing re c o uu nendto- 
Itom. Now after a series of imkiced 
scare* to oO. sold, semiconductors, com¬ 
puter* and other key areas. Capital 
Offshore rese ar chers see a n other big 
upward swing dewleptog—just as the 
-trading public has been toduced to re¬ 
spond negatively to such contrived sell¬ 
ing triggers a* glut propaganda, a 
gold-price breakdown and sporadic 
aedH w a rning*. To read what Capital 
Offshore h saying about stocks sudi as 
Cray RsMach, Data Temtine* Systems, 
GCA, General DatoConsm, Garber Set- 
entitle, Harris, Logicon, Mohawk Data, 
National Semiconductor, P ar adyne. 
TRW, Wong Labs and Wyfy is to under¬ 
stand that important new growth move¬ 
ments are kriting shape at a time when 
the investing public ha* ac ce p te d cus¬ 
tomary wrong-way logic. No charge if 
you would I See to road some of our re¬ 
ports as evidence of haw our manage¬ 
ment p r og ram s work far the aggressive 
growth in ve s tor. 


AM. P48 K3- 

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L, Qni du Moat-Bbmc 
lit I Gencrm I. Smturiud 
TeL 318251 - Tek* 28385 

Capital Offshore 

P.O. Bax N 106949, 
Sassoon House, Shvtay St., 
Nassau, B ahamas 
Gentfamen: Heme send compfimenlery 
Qrowth-reseOTch report* and monogwnSM 
detail to 

Vetkswaum 17030 
Stomas Index: MMO 
Previous: H531 

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VshingiDn, D.C 
meet me at 


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Oil and Money 

• mu mmm m ■ • * 


(Continued from Back M*age) 

m the Eighties 



LONDON, SEPTEMBER 28 & 29, 1981 

DUE TO DEPARTURE: sslfing dhwpf) 
American GEC fridge, 30 cubic feet, I 
various household eflecri, Pbrk HI & 
04 overlings. 


. a*. COURXS-HAOUt, NX Tri- 

MOVMO end July. u4e. 
VWPnfa 79, Memedes 74 
Fjor d 81 19 ft Fori* 745 4 




Sheikh Ahmed Zola Yamani, Minister of Petroleum 
and Mineral Resources, Saudi Arabia, will be the keynote 
speaker at the second International Herald Tribune/Oil 
Daily conference on "Oil and Money in the Eighties/ to be 
held September 28 and 29 at the Royal Garden Hotel in 

James B. Edwards, U.S. Secretary of Energy, will 
open the second day of this international meeting with on 
address on the Reagan administration energy policy. 

Designed to help senior executives involved in energy, 
finance and closely related fields to determine their business 
strategies for the 1980’s, this two-day working conference 
will indude major sessions on the following subjects: 

— the supply-aemand outlook 

— how to finance future oil production 

— the impact of politics on future oil flows 

— alternative energy resources. 

A panel format will be used extensively to stimulate 
exchange among all participants and produce fresh insight 
and recommendations on what must be done now. 
Speakers wilt indude: 

— Nor dine Ait-Looussine, Director, The International 
Energy Development Corporation, Geneva, and former 
Vice-President of Sonatrach 

— James Akins, former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia 

— Jane Carter, Head of Conservation, U.K. Department of 

— Arthur Eschenhuer, Senior Vice President, Morgan 
Guaranty Trust Company of New York, New York 

— Paul Frankel, President, Petroleum Economics Ltd., 

— Herman Franssen, Chief Economist, International Energy 
Agency, Paris 

— Ralf Roger Jakisch, Managing Director, Ruhrkohle 
International GmbH, Essen 

— John Lrchtblau, Executive Director, Petroleum Industry 
Research Foundation, New York 

— Francisco Parra, Executive Director, International Energy 
Development Corporation, Geneva 

— Malcolm Peebles, Director, Finance and Planning, Shell 
International Gas Ltd., London 

— Jean-Jacques Servan-Sdireiber, author of "The World 
Challenge " 

— George J. Stathakis, Vice President and General 
Manager, International Trading and Construction 
Division, Genera! Electric Company, Westport, Conn. 

— Williom P. Tavaulareas, President, Mobil Oil 
Corporation, New York. 

OBAND Mare. DU FARC • ..*» 
Wars. 4000 «M 8 A wwsfc from S* 
610 M pension. Tsnnis, golf, twirmng. 
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PuWW "‘ d Ttu* .%»-«. Wk Tlmn iumI Tin- \Uv4iIiik«ui I\m 

Pagp 11 • Saturday-Sundry, Jrfy 4-5,1981 • 

•v % 

011 Iff 


Cautious on 

. Vrafl/i Oil Loses Bank of England Case 

. Room 

'"■•k tNDON— British Ofl Co.(Burmah) Friday lost a claim in London 
. _ _ ^ ,* Court for £1 billion compensation from the Bank of England over 
’ *--C . t-, operation six years ago. 

"••"4,^ rmah Oil claimed the bank took unfair advantage of it when it 
: ’Nht Burmah's 20 percent shareholding in the British Petroleum Co. 

? Vir * t . oul °* financial difficulties. The shares, bought by the HanV for 
'■-';"v. ^ million sterling, later increased more than six times in value. 

^ if ^e judge said Burmah, which ran into problems after the jump in oil 
: -i7 5 s m I?? 4 and the collapse of the oil tanker market, would have 
. - gilhad the bank not stepped in. 

< 1 : 



“ Hat, 

Si ix to Sell Adobe Stake for $140 Million 

New York Times Service 

.W YORK — Amax Inc. agreed Thursday to sell its 30-percenl 
pst in Adobe Oil & Gas Corp. to Francana Oil & Gas Lid. of 
“’i* try, Alberta, for S32 a share, or $140.3 million, canceling an earlier 
to sell if for a lower price. 

metals concerns, based in Greenwich, Conn., had previously 
uid to sell its Adobe interest to Williams Cos. of Tulsa. OkhL for 
*. * t $105 million. Late last week, Francana offered $123 million. 

‘^ Viere was no explanation on when or why the offer was later in¬ 
fid. Adobe is active in the United States, Canada and in the Dutch 
<t of the North Sea. Last year it earned $21.4 million on sales of 
.4 million. 

yeckner Reports Increase in Orders 


■ „... x iLQGNE, West Germany — Kloeckne r- H umbo Id t- Deu tz recorded 

'^percent increase in incoming orders and an 11 percent rise in sales 
l', 5 -"' -j. e first six months of this year, Managing Board Chairman Bodo 
i‘7*; Vs said Friday. 

t s j-' t 5 added that be expects order growth to continue into the second 
: "i • However, growth in the European agriculture market was unsatis- 

■ ?■ ■■ ■>. j..; iry and is not expected to improve immediately. Sales in the German 

' .or market dropped 20 percent in the first five months against the 
-: ]■;;t«, !=;; 1980 period, he said. 

iussac Workers Report Job Pledge 

;■ ---V Reuters 

■ - R1S — Union leaders who met Labor Minister Jean Anraux on 
4 \ ’/ay said;no factories will be closed and there will be no layoffs at the 

- Saint Freres textiles company, a subsidiary of the Agache-Wfl- 

Taiwan Tools Up for High-Tech Markets 

By William Chapman 

Washington Past Service 

TAIPEI — In the cautious, measured way 
that has given its economy a rock-like stabili¬ 
ty, Taiwan is gearing up for the next-genera¬ 
tion leap into sophisticated high-technology 

Taiwan-made integrated circuits are begin¬ 
ning to emerge from a plant in an industrial 
park and engineers are tinkering with the 
first line of microcomputers. Down the line 
are precision tools, industrial chemicals, and 
synthetic fibers. 

Most of the new industrial wave is talk 
and paperwork at this stage, but this island 
country is firmly set on technologically-ad¬ 
vanced products for the export market. It 
sees the end of the age of cheap textiles and 
consumer electronics. 

Unskilled Labor Scarce 

Singapore, Hong Kong, and South Korea 
are also trying to follow Japan into high- 
technology markets, but Taiwan has some 
advantages. It has more engineers and a big¬ 
ger home market to experiment with than 
Singapore, and it has a reputation for steady 
successes, unlik e South Korea, which experi¬ 
ments adventurously but often unsuccessful¬ 

Taiwan feels it has no other choice. For 
one thing, there is now a shortage here of 
unskilled and semiskilled labor, the low- 
wage pool that made labor-intensive indus¬ 
tries such as textiles and televisions profita¬ 
ble for export. One electronics plant routine¬ 
ly sends sound trucks into residential areas 
to advertise jobs. 

There is also increased competition from 

> appoint 

_ _ ’ affairs after the firm filed for bankruptcy. 

-\V'V :; paralcly, Au Bon Marche department store company, which be- 
to the Agache-WiDot group, said Jean-Pierre Willot resigned. He 
i V ! -j i:!the second of the four Willot brother who control Agache Willot to 


:: •_ 
r- , 


’ - M. 

' ••'.L 

Uei Singapore to Continue Operation 


;... c WGAPORE — All 4,000 workers at Rollei Singapore (Private) Ltd. 
;.V been offered employment for the time bong ana the company has 

V encouraged to continue its operations, Peat Marwick Mitchell & 

. r . ” j receivers for the company, said Friday. 

olidSingapore was placed in the hands of the receivers Thursday by 
r . wo shareholders, Norddeulsche Landesbank and the Development 
"k of Singapore Ltd. after Rollers West German counterpart had 
\ (1 .:Jed for insolvency proceedings. 

wiss Franc Bond Prices 

t. » 

. ise on Foreign Demand 


S’-if ' 

tb * 



-Ver v?ce 

" iV' i- By Michael J. Strauss 

, ’ , s J AP-DowJanes 

: -IJRICH — Large amounts of 

. -•«.';ls from France, West Germany 
a • Italy are being channeled into 
_ C i . -market for Swiss franodenom- 
■ - • .*d bonds, which has seen unu- 

_iy strong demand for nearly 

weeks, Zurich bankas report, 
movement of funds has 
ri-.i solid enough to keep tbe inar- 
——momentum 'going despite 
• cagULiive factors Wednes- 
- - S spurt m the dolter’s value 
a r^ort early Thursday that 
. .* ^iiion m last month rose to a 7 

■ -^^ent year-to-year rate. 
s^asicaDy. we have a lot of 

--^ey coming into Switzeriand 
;j-*to this left drive in France and 
-^raany and Italy, seeking place- 
"t in Swiss franc bonds,” a 
-—trader at one of the major 
banks Slid. “The heavy de- 
^,Md is still unbroken and still 
C B c .g strong,” he said. 

Smafler Than Expected 

J.^he Swiss National Bank ac- 
^wledgcd that a sizable inflow 
f u*^tmds has been responsible for 
Swiss franc’s firmness against 
,v.- Vous other European currencies 
w*?.- the past month. The Swiss 
VT-l f « has been particularly strong 
lr. Oust the French franc, the 
>'i' ! itsche mark, the ftalian lira and 
*7 ^Belgian franc. 

fiat foreign exchange dealers say 
^movement from French francs 
Swiss francs in connection 
i?\ the French Socialist election 
has been smaller than ex- 
tfs&£fied. And gold dealers sim i l arly 
-V^brt tha t inflows of funds from 
ytr European nations are 
, tossing the weak market for bul- 
?*f ^i.and the pareUel market in Zu- 

■ 7s >t* for gold coins. 

,-^’.4oney market dealers say ll ap- 

that the funds moving into 
•.V^/.tzeriand are not gping into in- 
^jtmeats with particularly large 
potentials. Rather, stability 
•’V.j- the investments is the attrac- 
And the bond market shows 

with other issues open for sub- 
>tion this wedc, such as the 100 
ion Swiss franc issue by the 
city of Kobe, Japan, and ine 20 
million Swiss franc issue of Copen¬ 
hagen Reinsurance Co. 

Japanese borrowers continue to 
dominate -the private placement 
field. The latest issues, and the 
syndicates involved in these offer¬ 
ings, are as follows: 

Dainippon Screen Manufactur¬ 
ing Co.. 60 million Swiss francs, 
handled by Swiss Bank Corp., 
Nomura (Switzerland) and YamaF 
chi (Switzerland). 

' Hoshi Electric Co., 30 million 
Swiss francs, handled by Union 
Bank of Switzeriand, Fuji Bank 
(Schweiz). Paribas (Suisse) and J. 
Vontobel & Co. 

Kawasaki Steamship, 70 million 
Swiss francs, handled by Credit 
Suisse, Yamaichi (Switzeriand), 
Dai-lchi Kangyo (Schweiz) and 
Banca del Gottardo. 

Sharp Corp. 100 million Swiss 
francs, handled by Credit Suisse. 
Nomura (Switzeriand) and Fuji 
Bank (Schweiz). 

Toda Kogyo, 40 million Swiss 
francs, handled by Swiss Bank 
Corp^ Nippon Kangyo Kakumaru 

Uneed, 35 million Swiss francs, 
handled by Swiss Bank Corp^ 
Daiwa (Switzeriand) and New Ja¬ 
pan Securities (Switzerland). 

In a non-Japanese private place¬ 
ment bond, Boise Cascade Interna¬ 
tional Finance is borrowing $100 
milli on in a 714 percent, 6-year is¬ 
sue backed by the U.S- parent, 
Boise Cascade Corp. This place¬ 
ment is being handled by Union 
Bank of Switzerland and Credit 

Rut Singles Out U.S. 

As Inflation Fighter 

New York Times Srmce 

GENEVA —The head of the In¬ 
ternational Monetary Fund, in a 
speech Friday, applauded Wash¬ 
ington's determination to fight in¬ 
flation but cautioned against un¬ 
due reliance on monetary policy as 
an anti-inflation weapon because 
of the risk of driving interest rates 

Jacques de Larosiere of France, 
addressing the UN Economic and 
Social Council, singled out the 
United States for praise in stress¬ 
ing the spedal responsibility of the 
industrialized countries in fighting 
inflation because of their weight in 
the world economy. 

Washington has been criticized 
by some of its major economic 
partners for making tight mone¬ 
tary policy its chief weapon in the 
attempt to drive down the cost oT 
living. However, Mr. de Laro- 
siere’s warning against excessive 
reliance on such a policy was ad¬ 
dressed to the industrialized world 

He said the battle against infla¬ 
tion in the developed countries de¬ 
mands a "correct mix’* of mone¬ 
tary and fiscal measures coupled 
with the promotion of production 

- Central Role 

According monetary policy a 
central role in the anti-inflation 
campaign, Mr. de Larosiere said 
there was “no case for loosening 
the quantitative targets for mone¬ 
tary growth.” 

However, he stressed that to 
concentrate on monetary restraint 
while allowing a fiscal deficiL to 
develop excessively "runs the risk 
of pushing up interest rates and re¬ 
ducing the Financial resources 
available for private investment." 

Mr. de Larosiere said the efforts 
to control demand should be 
matched by measures on the sup¬ 
ply side to eliminate oost-price dis¬ 
tortions and bottlenecks, as well as 
to improve the supply of energy 
while decreasing its wakeful use. 

Such policies, designed to pro¬ 
mote greater mobility of capital 
and labor, can play a "crucial role 
in improving the investment cli-. 
mate and in channeling resources 
into the more productive sectors of 
the economy," be said. 

He told the council that it was 
"essential for industrial and devel¬ 
oping countries alike", to reduce 

the deficits resulting from their UeCT6BB6S lvC 
trade and other transactions "if 
the international financial system 
is to remain viable." 

The combined current account 
defidl of the industrialized na¬ 
tions, while improving by $14 bil¬ 
lion, is nevertheless expected to 
reach $30 billion this year, while 
that of the non-oil developing 
countries, after having doubled in 
1980, is expected to expand by 
some $18 billion to approach $100 
billion, Mr. de Larosiere noted. 

"Imbalances of this kind can not 
be sustained,” he said. While the 
flow of international financing has 
been smooth, he continued, “it will 
serve no purpose if it is used only 
to sustain consumption.” 

"International financing must 
serve to increase productive invest¬ 
ment in debtor countries and to 
improve their capacity to repay 
their external debt,” he said. 

other countries and down the road some ex¬ 
perts here see enormous pressures when Chi¬ 
na gets its act together and enters the cheap- 
labor industrial fields. 

Rising oil prices over the years also cut 
into the profits of cheap-labor industries. 
The cost of oil tripled in Taiwan in two 

The 1978 oil price increase sent a wave of 
inflation coursing through the economy. It 
hit 20 percent last year and will probably 
subside to about 15 percent this year. The 
Taiwan dollar, which is tied to the U.S. dol¬ 
lar. has appreciated, raising export prices 
and reducing competitiveness. 

"We did well with the labor intensive in¬ 
dustries, but whether we like it or not. we 
have to move on into high technology” said 
Ti-kang Kwei, vice president of the Industri¬ 
al Technology Research Institute. 

Taiwan has overcome the economic fears 
aroused when the United States announced 
in 1978 that it would normalize relations 
with China and scale down relations with 
Taiwan. The specters of collapsing trade and 
a drying up of foreign capital have disap¬ 

In the years after normalization of U.S.- 
Cbinese relations, the average growth in 
Taiwan's gross national producL exceeded 7 

There was a near 120-per cent increase in 
foreign investments between 1978 and 1980, 
and the number of foreign banks in Taiwan 
rose to 21 from 13. The new foreign banks 
settled in to make loans and in the past year* 
a host of European companies have arrived 
to seek trade deals. 

From a strictly banking stand point. 
Taiwan is better off now that it was before 

normatizaiion. said Douglas Taylor, general 
manager of the Bank of America' in Taipei. 

This growth reflects foreigners’ under¬ 
standing that trading with Taiwan will not 
get them in trouble with China, as once 
feared. "The Peoples Republic does not try 
to pressure those wbo do business with 
Taiwan unless politics is involved," said an 
American banker. 

The move loward high-technology indus¬ 
try was planned years ago, but has been 
more earnestly pursued since the effects of 
higher oil prices on labor-intensive compa¬ 
nies became apparent. 

Government funds have sent hundreds of 
technical and engineering students to foreign 
countries to learn the new trades. Most of 
the technology has been bought from the 
United States. The Industrial Technology 
Research Institute directs the effort, buying 
the technology, training management, setting 

S i pilot projects and ultimately turning over 
e new industries to private firms. 

The success or failure will not be known 
for years. About 90 percent of Taiwan’s in¬ 
dustry is still the old style, based on low la¬ 
bor costs. Some outside critics think the pace 
of the move upward is far too slow. 

“They should be investing 10 times as 
much as they are now" said one foreign 
economist based here. "They have a poor 
man’s mentality and they don’t buy the very 
best technology. At the rate they are going, ft 
is going to take a very long time”. 

Officials of the institute also concede there 
is still a problem finding lop management 
skilled in high technology, and research and 
development. “It is our biggest problem" ad¬ 
mits Mr. Kwei. 

China Issues First Monetary Reserve Totals Since ’49 

By Rory Channing 


HONG KONG — China issued 
monetary reserve figures Friday 
for the first time since the 1949 
revolution, and the Chinese news 
agency said such details will be is¬ 
sued regularly in the future. Peking 
put its foreign reserves at $2,262 
billion as of the end of 1980 and 
gold reserves at 12.8 million troy 

The foreign exchange figure 
coincides roughly with previous es¬ 
timates by Western bankers and 
economists questioned in Hong 
Kong. But some agreed with cer¬ 
tain bullion dealers that China’s 
gold reserves are probably much 
higher than the announced figure. 

The sources said Western ob¬ 
servers were not surprised at the 
publication of such information. 
They noted that a trend toward 

French GDP 

Aide Says Dacca Sets 
Private Sector Help 


PARIS — Bangladesh plans to 
restore private banks and extend 
the private sector in general, Ban¬ 
gladeshi Deputy Prime Minister 
Jamaluddin Ahmad said in an in¬ 
terview published in a Paris-based 
monthly business publication. 

Even the Bangladeshi political 
parties that favor Socialism realize 
that a private sector must be creat¬ 
ed, Mr. Ahmad said. He said his 
government would pursue efforts 
to support the private sector and 
"will go ahead with a plan to re¬ 
store private banks." 

In First Quarter 


PARIS — France’s economic 
output continued to fall in the first 
quarter of this year, the national 
statistics office reported Friday. It 
said the gross domestic product — 
the total volume of goods and ser¬ 
vices produced — fell 1 percent in 
the first quarter after a 03-percent 
decline in the fourth quarter of 
1980 and a 03-percent rise in the 
first quarter last year. 

Company investment dropped 
sharply, by 3.1 percent, and invest¬ 
ment by private individuals fell 03 
percent. Overall household con¬ 
sumption was slightly lower and 
food purchases dropped an excep¬ 
tional 0.8 percent. 

The statistics office also said 
that French wholesale prices rose a 
provisional 1.1 percent in May af¬ 
ter an upward-revised 1.9-percent 
April increase. The year-on-year 
increase rose to 10.1 percent from 
8.7 percent a month earlier. 

The office, giving newly revised 
figures, said the GDP rose 13 per¬ 
cent in 1980 after a 3.7-percent rise 
in 1979. The statistics office said 
overall French production fell 13 
percent in the first quarter after a 
fourth-quarter decline of 0.6 per¬ 

Economy and Finance Minister 
Jacques Delors told the Senate’s 
finance committee Thursday that 
he thought the GDP should rise 3 
percent next year through im¬ 
provements in domestic consump¬ 
tion, stocks and investments. Com¬ 
mittee members said this forecast 
was too optimistic. 

more financial divulgence had 
been expected since China look up 
membership in the International 
Monetary Fund last year. 

Membership requires disclosure 
of certain information, and in reg¬ 
ular talks ovlt the past year or so 
with the IMF and World Bank on 
loan facilities. China would have 
been encouraged to improve its 
central data collection and pro¬ 
cessing. the sources said. 

Clarification Awaited 

They said there is still much un¬ 
certainty about the announced 

The Chinese news agency quot¬ 
ed Li Baohua. president of the 
People’s Bank or China, as saying 
that currency in circulation in¬ 
creased 293 percent last year over 
1979 and that the increase had 
been "a bit too fast" in the past 
few years. 

Beginning this year, the bank 
will publish monetary statistics in 
its publication Banking in China 
quarterly, and then monthly when 
conditions permit, the agency said. 

It said total loanable funds at 
the end of 1980 were 262.426 bil¬ 
lion yuan, of which intenia] bank 
deposits made up 165.864 billion 
yuan. At the end of 1980. the ex¬ 
change rate for the U.S. dollar was 
1.5303 yuan and the 1980 average 
was 1.4984 yuan. 

Precise definitions and formulas 
governing exchange translations 
and the makeup of the totals an¬ 
nounced — such as whether 
reserves are measured against a 

currency basket and. if so, the 
units involved — are crucial to an 
assessment of China's position. 

“Until then, such statistics may 
be seen as designed to impress 
rather than express, and so repre¬ 
sent a point of interest, but little 
more.” one banker said. 

Another noted that a World 
Bank report on China's economy 
is expected next month and may 
throw more light on the subject. 
Still another said the report may 
be accompanied by some response 
to developmental loan requests for 

Votes Out Brule 

Interrxaional Herald Tribune 

PARIS — Jean-Pierre Brule was 
voted out as chairman of CII- 
HoneyweD Bull, a French-U.S. 
computer company, during a 1%- 
hour board meeting Friday in Par¬ 
is, a company spokesman said. 

Mr. Brule had refused to resign 
despite major differences in strate¬ 
gy with Roger Fauroux, chairman 
of Saint-Gobain, one of France’s 
largest industrial companies, 
which indirectly controls CO- 
Honeywell Bull through a 53-per¬ 
cent shareholding. 

The board named as chairman 
Maxime Bonnet, the company’s 
general manager since 1976. He 
has worked for the company since 
1943. Mr. Brule defended his 
record and challenged recently 
published allegations of misman¬ 
agement, the spokesman added. 

W. German Trade Surplus 
Declined Sharply in May 

Mexican Oil Bids Reportedly Plummet 


WIESBADEN, West Germany 
— West Germany's trade surplus 
shrank to 1.6 billion Deutsche 
marks in May from 33 billion DM 
in April, deepening the deficit in 
the current account, the Federal 
Statistics Office reported Friday. 

The current account — which 
embraces trade, services and cer¬ 
tain transfers — showed a provi¬ 
sional 1.4 billion DM deficit in 
May after a revised 352 million 
DM deficit in April and a 1.5 bD- 
lion DM deficit in May 1980. 

Though the May trade surplus 
was only half that of April, it was 
still above the 294 million DM sur¬ 
plus of May 1980, the office said 
May exports were 3135 billion 
DM and imports 29.68 billion 
DM, up 8 percent and 4 percent 
respectively from a year earlier. 

Exports in the first five months 
of 2981 rose 6 percent from a year 
ago to 156 billion DM and imports 
rose 5 percent to 1513 billion DM. 

The cumulative current account 
deficit for the first five months of 
the year stood at 103 billion DM. 
This comprises a 4.7 billion DM 
surplus on trade, a deficit of 5.2 
billion DM on services and supple¬ 
mentary trade items and a deficit 
on transfers of 10 billion DM. 

In the first five months 1980, 
West Germany had a current ac¬ 
count deficit of 93 billion DM and 
a trade surplus of 4.1 billion DM. 

The trade report had little effect 
bn the foreign currency markets, 
where the dollar was trading at 
around 2.41 DM, dealers in Frank¬ 
furt said They saw no immediate 
pressure on the mark even though 
there had been persistent rumors 
that the May surplus would again 
be well over 3 billion DM. 

Separately, the Bundesbank re¬ 
ported that West Germany’s net 
monetary reserves rose 100 million 
DM to 743 billion DM in the final 
week of June after a 100 million 
DM decline the previous week. 

China believed to be under consid¬ 
eration by the World Bank. 

Bankers' and bullion dealers' re¬ 
actions to the gold reserve figures 
were widely divergent. Although 
some felt the figure to be lower 
tium expected, most considered it 
somewhat high. 

Again, there is insufficient 
knowledge of how much gets into 
(he statistics, they said. Also, they 
said analysts can only guess at 
what method of valuation was 
used for the gold component, or 
whether China has been a net 
seller or buyer of gold abroad in 
recent years.' 

The People's Bank of China par¬ 
ticipates in the open market, to a 
large extent through London, in a 
similar fashion to the Soviet Un¬ 
ion. which has tended to operate 
mostly through Zurich, by both 
buying and selling so that the net 
result is easily disguised, bullion 
dealers said 

Some sources had expected that 
the gold reserves might be about 
100 metric tons, as typosed to the 
almost 400 tons reflected in the 
figures issued Friday. Annual out- 

O ut could be 50 to 100 tons, but 
ttle is known of gold mining op¬ 
erations in China, dealers said. 

Seagram Countersues 
In Fight for Conoco 

New York Times Service 

NEW YORK — Joseph E 
Seagram & Sons has filed a 
countersuit against Conoco, in 
which it is trying to acquire a 40.7- 
percent interest. The suit charges 
Conoco’s directors with violations 
of securities laws and with breach 
of their duties to shareholders. A 
hearing as set for Friday. 

Earlier this week, Conoco's 
board of directors recommended 
against Seagram’s $73-a-share ten¬ 
der offer for 35 million shares, and 
filed a federal court suit to block 
die tender offer and for $1 billion 

U.S. Banks 
Yet to Agree 
On Poland 

Wording, Timing 
Blamed for Delay 

By Robert A. Benncrt 

New I pr* Times Service 

NEW YORK — Representatives 
of about 60 U.S. banks failed in a 
daylong meeting to reach a final 
decision on the details of an agree¬ 
ment to reschedule S2.7 billion in 
Polish debts to foreign commercial 
banks. Another meeting was 
scheduled for next week. 

The meeting Thursday was held 
to vote on a compromise reached 
late Iasi month between European 
bankers and a steering committee 
of U.S. bankers. About 460 banks 
around the world are involved in 
the negotiations. 

A banker who attended the 
meeting described the differences 
as highly technical, mainly prob¬ 
lems over wording and timing. 

U.S. banks were unhappy with a 
so-called protocol devised by the 
Europeans under which Poland 
would be given extended lime to 
repay its debts. The displeasure 
was not so much with the terms of 
the proposal as with the lack of a 
requirement that Poland make a 
formal commitment to take specif¬ 
ic actions to improve its economy. 

Generally, when a country can¬ 
not pay its debts as scheduled, its 
creditors agree to reschedule the 
payments only after the country 
promises to make certain reforms. 

“We're asking Poland Tor the 
traditional kind of conditionali¬ 
ties,'' said a banker who attended 
the conference. "We want a settle¬ 
ment based on ordinary commer¬ 
cial terms, not on political terms.” 

Intervention Feared 

Thus, the U.S. position was to 
delay any rescheduling agreement 
until the end of the year, when, it 
is hoped, Poland's political situa¬ 
tion will be more stable. Many 
bankers, however, fear that by 
then the Soviet Union may have 
sent troops into Poland. 

From the U.S. view, the Europe¬ 
an h anks are under heavy pressure 
from their respective governments, 
which are especially eager to bol¬ 
ster Poland's political stability. 

U.S. bankers contend that most 
European bankers agree with the 
U.S. position but that the Euro¬ 
peans have been unable to directly 
resist the pressures of their govern¬ 
ments. The resistance pul up by 
the U.S. banks, which are in the 
minority, gave the Europeans a 
means by which they could get 
around such pressures, the Ameri¬ 
cans say. 

Poland is already hundreds of 
millions of dollars behind in pay¬ 
ments of principal, although it is 
"more or less" up to date on pay¬ 
ments of interest, according to the 

Under the European protocol, 
Poland’s debts to commercial 
banks would be rescheduled over a 
period of 716 years, with no pay¬ 
ments required during the first 
four years. The interest rate would 
be 1.75 percentage point over the 
rate that banks pay for six-month 
funds in international markets. 

Market Closed 

U.S. stock, bond and other fi¬ 
nancial markets were dosed Fri¬ 
day in observance of the Inde¬ 
pendence Day holiday. The Feder¬ 
al Reserve Board, which normally 
reports on the U.S. money supply 
each Friday, will release the; 




vO s 

rk. 1 


. **■ 


MEXICO CITY — A Mexican 
newspaper reported Friday that 
foreign oil buyers have suspended 
. ft.. And the bond market snows orders totaling about 550,000 bar- 
of having a firmer base than rds a day as of July 1 because of a 
< ' others at present. $2-a-barrel price increase sought 

?ik>nd dealers themselves seem to by the state oil monopoly, Peraex. 
ifirm this development, with 
Vr- j trader noting that these inves- 
^ /*s want “quality bonds, first of 
Yields are only secon d ary." 

- Market's Strength 

^ iffhe yields on foreign borrowers* 

„,j4Viss franc bonds remained at 
VrfVar favorable levels of earlier m 
i week, with dealers saying that 
* t st quality narnM were yielding in 
- ? ’e range of 6^4 percent to 7V4 pix- 
^ .-nt and lesser quality issues yidd- 
a around 716 percent to 7% per- 

''jfa- . . ' 

** /‘The market's continuing 
^‘Vrength can also be seen by a sam- 

Libya Ofl 

; is quoted at 10234, up from 10234 Return 

'■i ’ ,>0 days earlier, and me 7 percent NEW YORK Conoco is 
j^Vorld Bank was trading at 100%, ’ ^,-^nUing aU its hi! purchases 
V'J 'so up Vi point. from Libya, which aninuit to al- 

The World Bank may be heart- most 30,000 barrels of erhde a day, 
by these levels as it taps the Conoco said it halted the nurchas- 
'Vj^tviss capital market again for 100 fcs because of (he unus 

price of Lfbvan oil —$2 MB* f 01 " 

■V .• - « m * _aJL_ a LwJb ftrty 

The Excelsiof newspaper, quot¬ 
ing an unname d Pemex official, 
said that four 'US. cal companies 
.that normally buy 307,000 barrels 
a day from Mexico bad withdrawn 
from the market and that India, 
Sweden, the Philippines and Yugo¬ 
slavia had suspended orders 
iintiog to 143,000 barrels a 


A Pemex spokesman described 
Excdaor report as speculative 
said negotiations with clients 
on \the proposed price rise were 

The new Pemex director, Julio 
Moctezuma Cid. had said earlier 
that Pemex was negotiating a $2 
price increase from July 1 to par¬ 
tially offset a $4 reduction an¬ 
nounced by the company a month 
ago because of the world oil ghit. 

Earlier Friday, in Tokyo. Japa¬ 
nese International Trade Minister 
Rokusuke Tanaka said that Japan 

could not accept an offer by Mexi¬ 
co for a further 200,000 barrels a 
day of crude oil because Japan’s 
storage tanks were fulL 
Mr. Tanaka said at a news con¬ 
ference that other reasons for de¬ 
clining Mexico’s offer included the 
relatively high price of Mexico’s 
heavy oil and reouced output of oil 
products in Japan. 


Interbank exchange rates for July 3.1981 1981, excluding bank service charges. 


Km York 






14 ns 






f=j=. m_ 

6 JF. 




4478* &22S4 






6905 129- 





C.W 2D0SX 





108315 220950 






289.9? - 


44055 . 




S&jO ‘ 

- 4747* 






365741* 0.1719 

77.1486 - 





5.9075 125629 










37.3X74 - 

Dollar Values 

*g m l »»»M capital 

^trillion Swiss francs with an issue 
^/tai remains open for subscription 
‘ ^yhtil Monday, One trader said the 
/Ft j Tiering is doing “very well" along 


the, third quartet 
said —and ov 
oil demai^.. 


s __ 

Ewh- u SS 

OMS! Israel) Shekel 1L3S 
DOOM JaMMseyefl 228.18 
35348 KmraMAw 0389 
04273 MtOBV.riMOH 2041 

0.1 A54 Narw. krone UMS 

05297 ' FWtpesn MS77 

60154 Pni.ttWk «LS85 

0J931 Sown rival 3.412 

08744 SJXR. 1.1437 

EfWfr. Cufr ** CV U&S 
1.1461 - AmtraHmS 88725 
8082 AwMmkUUM 17845 
NA ■ elglna Bn.ffn*C NA 
88315 CmwUaaf 1J0M 
0.133 Da thh krone 757S 
02224 mnimnunV 4497 
COI? Greek arnCbmo 5&4S 
08179 Mem Kona s 5J9I5 
1513 Irish £ 04614 

1 starItoo: 13505 Irish L 

lal Commercial Iranc(b) Amounts needed to nur one pound. t*» UwfcoMOS l-l uoilsoil.M). 



04649 STng aen r et 
NA S.MrKonrand 
00014 S. Korean won 

00103 Spanish peseta 
01952 Swedish krona 
turns Tama* s 

00477 Thai nodi 

02723 UAE. dehorn 







36 3i 



$30 - $100000 + 

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subscribe to our Newsletter. If any or die top executive opportuni¬ 
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Publishers nf Ibe 

Inienuiiunal Kxeruliie Nrwrb Nimslrilnr. 


offer big profits- 
let us show 
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Telephones LONDQN 283 0091. Telex: 895 2673/4. 

Please send me purthrulurs \ »t‘ your c« imnii tjiriiv- I t« *k iivj 



M. \«i: 11 * 



Page 12 



V Reduce 
11 Fortifies 
U Vidal 
18 Aslan capital 
28 Sane 

21 Arabian 

22 East German 

23 Cereal plant 

24 AMP AS 


28 Actress 


27 Cambodian 
monetary unit 

28 Original tide: 
"The Various 

31 Boundless 

53 “For- 


14 Axonce 
35 Colony 

38 Grass duster 
38 Afbresald 
48 Harry’s 


44 Matador 


former HUD 

48 Longhorn 
48 Ornntalmaid 
52 Disaster 

54 She, in Somme 
58 Hoagy or 


57 Deplore 
88 Originally 
"Incident at 
West Egg" 
84 UcQriceuke 
87 Span 

•8 Underwriter 
88 Basket part 
78 Counts again 

74 Prying 

75 Toast or 

77 Ship's cargo 

78 Originally 
"The Sea- 

83 Dodgers’ all- 
time hx. 

84 Fling 

85 Walden, eg. 

88 Moselle 

88 Wall St 
88 “Look 
81 Puccini opera 
84 Timorous 

97 Saratoga 
Springs, eg. 

98 An oil source 
191 Fencin g 


182 Homed viper 
185 Town in Spain 
188 Novosibirsk 


188 Solve 
120 Originally 
118 Hawaii’s state 

217 "Trinity** 

118 Smart 
118 Hazes 

120 A legume 

121 Ford’s 
running mate 

122 Thought 

123 Happify 

124 Summons by 

US Razos 1 dams 
128 Vaudevillian 


127 Took out 





This Stuck By John M. Samson/Puzzles 

Solution to Last Week's Puzzle 

nansa anna [Jtiaaa naool 
33D3H aaaa ancinn □□□□ 
iisroiiagEiacjanaciozJCOGJGn I 
aacoiia □□□□□ aaaaoQ I 
333 aaa aoaa 
□3Ha 3aa naaaa aaoa, 
□□□33 aao uuaua □□non| 
□□□□□□□□□□aaaaaannaBD i 
| 330 □ 3303 3ED 

□303333 33303 0330303 
33D 3330 □□□□ 333 

33003 anaao □□□ □□□□□ 

3333 33030 333 31300 


aaao □□□ aaa 

330033 33300 333300 

3333 030QD □□□□ iJ.'IllIlU 
3303 33330 □□□□ 30303 


1 Himalayan 

2 Maid of 

3 Swallow 

4 Instruments 

5 “Evita,”ag. 

• Coddled 

7 Whip 

8 Org. founded 

8 Like some 

18 DeviatkP iat 

12 E antec e d ents 

12 Ancient 

H Resnick's 


15 Originally 
“Bat Bal 
Bl a ck Sheep " 

18 Norse god of 

17 “Biggest 
Little City in 
the World” 

18 Quod- 



28 Lujan native 


32 Noted 

37 Jog 

38 Earthenware 

41 Haws’ 

42 faraway or 


43 Type of weight 

44 Originally 
“The Lost 

45 Ahs' 

47 Saint Peter's 

48 R ussian 

50 Horace, 
Thomas or 

51 Friends of 

53 Rhythms, to 

55 Herons 

58 Peter and a 

S3 Gets ready to 


•1 Cross-examine 

62 Cuban dances 

•3 Produce an 
85 Timber 

71 Knight’s wife 

72 After meds. 

73 Withered 
75 Roger 



78 Course for a 
would-be g-p. 
78 God of 

78 Straightedge 

80 Love god 

81 A son of Seth 

82 Virginia- 

87 Driven back 
90 Trampled 
82 “Fingal's 


S3 Frighten* 1 

85 Remain 


98 Suffix with 

98 Maneuver 

180 French com¬ 

182 Exact satis¬ 

163 Barracuda 

184 Crosby hit 

187 Cordage plant 

188 Keep-to 

the ground 

118 Dandy 

111 In a rank 

112 Depraved 

113 Mass calendar 

114 Buttress 

115 Suffrage suf¬ 

128 BexorDax 







































C F 

M *1 Fair MADRID 

It 61 Fair MANILA 

14 57 Showers MIAMI 
23 73 Fair MILAN 

27 si Overcast Moscow 
22 72 Fair MUNICH 

15 » Cloudy NAIROBI 
It tl Overcast haSSAU 

11 M 9** TC * a ! NEW DELHI 
14 2 Owaal NEW YORK 

14 57 Cloudy nice 
It tl Ovarcast ™ 

11 52 aoudv 

» 72 Fair 

H 64 Overcast 
13 SS Rain 

TO AA r~rjr MiHiii 

It tl aoudv SW-ISBURY 
9 41 Overcast «™ ,LO 
t 43 Claudv SEOUL 
21 70 Overcast SHANGHAI 

15 59 Showers WHGAPORZ 
M 57 Shoaer* STOCKHQLt 







ROME » n 


SAG PAULO 23 73 

SEOUL 23 73 




12 54 Fair SYDNEY 

3t 79 Overcad TAIPB1 
34 75 Overcast TEL AVIV 
U tl Fair TOKYO 

19 tt Claudv TUNIS 

19 tt Ooudv VENICE 
15 59 Overcast VIENNA 

13 SS Fair WARSAW 

10 5D Shuwe re WASHINGTON 
10 64 Fair ZURICH 

C F ■ 

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33 73 Fassv 
T3 is Ram 

34 75 Stormy 
10 64 Ov e r ca st 
It tl aoudv 

12 54 aoudv 
U 64 Showers 
t 43- Cloudy 

34 75 aoudv 
30 02 Cloudy 
21 70 Overcast 
19 It Folr 

9 40 Overcoat 

13 55 Ooudv 
30 M ROM 
15 59 Ooudv 

10 64 Rain 

21 W Overeat 
7 45 Ctaudv 
It 32 ROM 
21 70 FOOOV 
27 81 Fair 

21 70 Ctaudv 

11 52 Overcast 

12 54 Fair 
36 79 Stormv 

22 72 Ooudv 
H 64 Foam 
21 70 Fair 

17 63 Claudv 

18 M Ctaudv 

14 57 Fair 

Conglomerates, Show Business and Book Publishing 
By Thomas Whiteside 207pp. SI2.95. 

Wesleyan University Press, 110 Mount Vernon Sl , 

• Middletown, Conn. 06457. 

Reviewed by Christopher Lehmann-Haupt 

T HIS is the book that caused such a 
stir among people interested in 

Read mas from the previous 34 hours. 

- j 

Introducing your 
personal guide 

book publishing when it ran as a se¬ 
ries in The New Yorker magazine last 
year. It caused a commotion because 
it tells such a depressing story — how 
everything' that has happened in pub¬ 
lishing during the last two decades has 
conspired to focus greater and greater 
emphasis on the few big moneymak¬ 
ers the industry produces every sea¬ 
son, and consequently to exclude 
from publication those minimally 
commercial bat artistically venture¬ 
some books that are, or ought to be. 
the lifeblood cf the business. 

And should anyone suppose that 
the news in “The Blockbuster Com¬ 
plex" is dated, he need only reflect 
that recently two prominent publish¬ 
ing figures resigned in protest over in¬ 
creasing corporate interference with 
the editorial product in their respec¬ 
tive companies, while elsewhere a poll 
revealed that the average U.S. writer 
earned an annual income of only 
55,000 from writing. 

Look-Alike Commodities 

gins to search for the faintest signs of 
a silver linin g. The author himself 
points out a couple when he argues, 
first, that the conglomeration of pub¬ 
lishing has led to surprisingly little 
censorship (although this comment 
reminds us to wonder why a book of 
such popular significance as White- 
side’s is, was published in the relative 
obscurity of a university press), and, 
second, that the common ownership 
of multiple facets of the industry has 
led to little apparent decline in the 
competition for subsidiary rights. Fe¬ 
lix Rohatyn, a major architect of 
book-publishing mergers, points out 
another silver lining when he opines, 
sensibly enough, that “a trend always 
creates a countertrend.” implying that 
if worthwhile books are now being ig¬ 
nored by the conglomerates, then in¬ 
dependent publishers wil] soon spring 
up to handle them. 

to London. 

The Rothmans Concise Guide to London. 

It shows you the best restaurants (not necessarily 
the most expensive), the most rewarding antique 
markets and shops, and many historical features 
of this great city. 

London is one of the world’s oldest and 
most fascinating cities. With this Guide you’ll find 
and explore places you never knew existed - the 
London Londoners know.^A 

Available at all ^ 
good bookshops. 
Price £4^0. 

/('' l/t/inni 

Make sure the TriJ b there to greet you 

No matter where you're going—in Europe, America, Africa, Asia 
or die Middle EriW —you can subscribe to the woritfs only inter¬ 
national daily newspaper. 

For details and rates write■ IHT Subscription Department, 
181 avenue Charles-de-Gaulle, 92521 Netdlfy Cedex. France. Or 
phone Paris 747-12-65, exL 305. 

fatentttiottti Her^d Iribone: Read fei M3 comtriBs rand the world 

In the light of these developments, 
it’s all the more disheartening to 
reread Whiteside’s scrupulously docu¬ 
mented account of how what used to 
be a cottage industry' that depended 
for its success on the unpredictable 
uniqueness of each of its products is 
being rationalized into an assembly 
line designed to stamp out multiple 
look-alike commodities whose great¬ 
est commercial promise lies in the ex¬ 
ploitation of their extraliterary attrib¬ 

One recoils anew at the talk of 
books being “the software of the tele¬ 
vision and movie media." or of the ul¬ 
timate book venture being “the spon¬ 
taneous generation of a literary prop¬ 
erty” — in other words, an idea that 
can be exploited in a "multimedia 
merchandising program” without first 
having to be committed in the banal 
form of a book with print and pages. 

But what is perhaps most dispirit¬ 
ing of all about Whiteside's profile is 
the deadpan manner in which he pre¬ 
sents the case of the new en¬ 
trepreneurs. So carefully does he cite 
their views that one almost begins to 
be seduced by the logic or. say, Mor¬ 
ton L. Janklow. the lawyer-agent best 
known for his marketing of Judith 
Krantz’s blockbusters, who argues in 
Whiteside’s pages that because (be 
old-style publisher wasn't nearly as 
“gentlemanly” as be was popularly re¬ 
puted to be, therefore it’s perfectly 
justifiable to market bodes as if they 
were a morally neutral product like 

And only when you are about to 
nod in agreement with this son of spe¬ 
cious reasoning does Whiteside hit 
you with a conclusion like the follow¬ 
ing: The books that are put out by 
the existing machine in hardcover and 
paperback may include works that are 
brilliant, works that are banal, and 
works that are miserably written, but 
they all tend to be inflated to approxi¬ 
mately equal pressure, equal dimen¬ 
sions. by the hot air of hype — they 
all axe made to seem strangely alike. 
Take any one — it could be good, it 
could be bad. or. as one woman in 
Hollywood who knows the publishing 
business put it to me, ’it could be a 
pair of shoes/ It’s all treated as 'prod¬ 
uct.' And that is so because the mass 
merc handising , the hype, the frenzied 
pursuit of Number One which the 
book-publishing industry has turned 
to as a central and universal tool is in 
its very essence anti-art, and even 

Indeed, so depressing is the picture 
that Whiteside paints that a reader be- 

Finally. one can draw from “The 
Blockbuster Complex” the possibly 
cheerful conclusion that if the new era 
of publishing is nothing else, it is at 
least democratic. For if, as White- 
side’s facts seem to suggest, worse 
books are selling more abundantly 
than books ever sold before, then 
someone may well be buying them 
who never read books before. And if 
you happen to believe that readers, 
like wine tasters, acquire taste with ex¬ 
perience. then the absolute increase or 
bookbuyers is truly grounds for opti¬ 

But these are only the faintest 
glimmerings of hope. Everywhere else 
in a book that is must reading for any¬ 
one even vaguely interested in profes¬ 
sional writing, it is as dark as a cloudy 

Christopher Lehmann-Haupt is on 
the staff of The New York Times. 

Dhow in Canton 
After Nine-Month 
f Sinbad’ Voyage 

L mted Press International 

CANTON, China — The ghost of 
Smbad the Sailor sailed into Canton 
with the arrival of the Sohar, an Arab 
dhow bound with coconut fibers re¬ 
tracing a route the legendary voyager 
might have taken. 

The Sohar. built to show how Arab 
sailors of the 8th and 9th centuries 
plied the trade route from the Middle 
East to China, weighed anchor at 
Huangpu, Canton’s port Wednesday, 
ending a voyage that began in Oman 
last November. 

The journey took the 90-foot boat 
and its 20-man crew across the Indian 
coast, past Sri Lanka, on to Sumatra, 
Singapore, and finally to Canton. 

The dbow ran into heavy winds on 
the leg from Singapore to the South 
China coast but nonetheless made it 
to Canton in good condition. 

“It’s a tribute to its builders that 
the Sohar has arrived in Canton in 
such fine shape.” said Tun Read man, 
one of 10 British crewmembers. The 
other crewmen include eight Omanis, 
an American radio operator, and an 
Indian cook from the Minkqy Is¬ 
lands, which lie off India near the 

Minicoy islanders spent nine 
months in Oman building the boat ac¬ 
cording to traditional designs, using 
2^-inch planks sewn together with co¬ 
conut fibers. 

The Sohar will slay in Canton until 
July 13, when it will go to Hong Kon| 
to be turned over to the Oman nay?- 






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m by Henri Arnold and Bob Lm 


K.- tU n 

Unscramble these tour Jumbles, 
one leoer to each square, to form 
tour ordinary words. 




'IhCh. 1 




Now arroige the drclad totters to 
form the surprise answer, as sug* 
gested by th# above cartoon. 

Print answer here: 


{Anawm Monday) 

Answer You should be tiili typ« if you want to 
become a flaologJal— DOWN-TO-EARTH 

“Registered as a newspaper at the Post Office r 
“Printedin Great Britain" 



-J- r 

i.VI KK.VVTIO.NA! 1IKR U.IMKlKl NK. SATI Hi»Ai-Sl M>\i. ji I/i 

»a{;e ITS 

p3org: In the Grip of the Holder 

\ ^ bomas Boswell 

- dngumPtm Service 
N — For 104 years 
. ‘ ~ — — ^ing Wimbledon cham- 
«en referred to as the 
^ there has never been 

C*^ a grip like Bjorn 

:i‘* - , T 

* — - ^ . Borg called the great- 

~' , tck of his fabulous ca- 

‘vjjwede Thursday won 
l" nsecutive match at the 

* ^ -hips, arising from the 

a two-set deficit to 
ious Jimmy Connors, 


-_ semifinal gave Borg a 

win his sixth strai gh t 
- n title in Saturday’s G- 

n title m Saturday’s G- 
n s U meet John McEmroe, 
r-old child of contro- 
stormed and cursed 
j 1 a straight-set victory 
'.^iralia's Rod Frawky 

? i" 

: r ough to Beat 

' Jnrday confrontation, 
been awaited for 364 
‘ last they met, will 
posterously hard time 
the performance of 
Connors in Thursday 
dusk, half-lj gh t and 

nots to win a serve at love while 
he summoned his energy. 

With customary dispatch, 
Borg served out the match at 15 
finishing with a hanktianH volley 
into an open court as Connors 
dashed madly, trying to retrieve 
one last Borg bullet. 

The holder had held, again. 

“Yeah, for sure,” said Borg, 
glowing with pleasure when oth¬ 
ers would still be prostrate. Then 
he paused for a second. Should 
be denigrate all those other now¬ 
legendary days here? 

After all, he was two sets 
down to Mark Edmondson in 
1977. And he had gone five har¬ 
rowing sets with so many men — 
Coupors, McEnroe, Vitas Geru- 
laitis, Victor Amaya, Roscoe 
Tanner, Vyay Amricraj. Each, 
on its day, stopped the tennis 
world in its tracks. 

V \r 

~ SH ',ucky to survive,” said 

v. has played eight five- 
~~ —in his 41-match 

never one where be 
' ~ ^-^sperate straits for so 
-gainst so valorous an 

a great match,” added 
ally placid Borg, wbo 

-__• a 22-4 record in five- 

^~~^gamst McEnroe in the 
"ifear was perhaps a lit- 
exciting for the fans. 
■ rr . . me, there were better 
._day, more complete 


----- hesitant,** confessed 
“Three-quarters of me 
* come over the ball 
- —— - pinj, drive it deep, and 

'■'■■.g’ in behind it But the 

--—_of me knew he’d hit 

' - ,:; P£v-? a return for that and 
r ; ■>'-. r ^.houId just put it back 
: " -vH 

**■ t ' . i^aors, when it mattered 

-- ^n eith er. Hfis deep forc- 

to Borg’s forehand 
v - ■ ‘*in*t have enough tops- 
%,'vwe into the court bc- 

-ignore had not hit the 

SB—-complete conviction. 

HU — th p momentous dis~ 

ff r sank Connors — was 

- J?gL •... —— asdine. By all of three 

— ~ ^ as the difference be- 

;e men Thursday. 

_d to play his best stuff 

ie,” said Connors. “I 
issing by much,” he 
.. Bn g up his fingers’ a 
- 7" .’apart “But sometimes 
*“’V:>ad as beuigoff by a 

“This was one of the best" 
said Borg with a mischievous 
grin. He was tewing,, And he 
knew it. 

This was the best 

This match of nearly 2,000 
shots — nearly 99 percent of 
them concussive blasts and the 
other 1 percent drop-shots and 
lobs of killing delicacy — was 
one of distinct crisis pomts. 

The last of those sublimely 
tense junctures was the one that 
both players remembered most 
vividly, for it transformed the 
field of battle for the final time. 

As preamble to that instant, 
this synopsis: 

Connors won 9 of the encoun¬ 
ter's first 10 games in 43 mm- 
utes. His goal was a three-set 
blitz. He nearly got iL 

Burning energy with no 
thought of the cost, Connors, 
who now has lost his last 10 
meetings with Borg since 1978, 

broke in the ninth game of the 
second set and bad two sets in 
hand in just 82 minutes. But he 
wasn't fast enough. 

“When I was down two sets," 
said Borg. “1 thought it would be 
very, very difficult to win be¬ 
cause I was not really in the 
match. Jimmy was putting on all 
the pressure and 1 was making 
all the errors.” 

But Borg turned the tide in 
the third set with breaks in the 
second and sixth games while 
Connors could only answer once 
with a break in the fifth. 

“The third set gave me a 
kick," said Borg. “Suddenly I 
was back in the match." 

More than that: He owned the 
match. “I was not present in the 
fourth set,” said Connors, who 
was skunked, 6-0. Borg, like 
Connors before him, had run off 
a streak of 9 victories in 10 

But when Connors seemed ex¬ 
tinguished, he lifted himself to 
his highest level in the fifth set. 
The first seven games were life 
and death. Try this on for size: 
la the third game of the set, 
Borg had four break points 
against Connors. Connors 
fought all of them off, and won. 


In the next game, Connors 
had two break points. Both 
times, Borg reached back and 
put service aces perfectly in the 
back comer against Connors* 

Borg answered instantly, 
reaching a love-40 advantage on 
Connors* serve for the second 
straight time: Again, Connors re¬ 
sponded with incredible base 
line ferocity, winning five con¬ 
secutive points and the game 

On Connors* next service — 
the set still hanging on serve — 


r -facing Hhnsetf 

eak of Connors’ save 
ihead, 5-3, in the fifth 
5-year-old who on Sat- 
t match Willie Ren- 
the only man to win 
in six straight times 
• 5), then allowed Con- 

Bjorn Borg 

... With a teasing grin: ‘This war one of the best .* 

Borg completed his hat trick, 
getting Connors down, love-40, 
with a succession of brilliant ser¬ 
vice return winners at Connors’ 
feet as he came to the net. 

Again, it was triple break 
point against Connors. And here 
came Connors again. 

Borg hit a backhand passing 
shot long. Then Connors whis¬ 
tled a crosscourt backhand pass; 
that made nine break points es¬ 

Endangered Pers o na 

Borg's mystique is that on 
“the big points,” as he says, be is 
ice-water calm and nearly infalli¬ 
ble. Those two earlier aces were 
an example of Borg’s reaching 
an eerie, tingle-along-the-spine 
level or perfection when other 
athletes get the yips and choke. 

However, if Borg had lei 10 
straight break points slip from 
his grasp in the Wimbledon 
semis, it might well have been a 
mental turning point in his ca¬ 
reer. No comparable disaster has 
ever befallen him here. He was 
just one point from defiling his 
own tennis persona. 

Connors served his southpaw 
spinner, yanking Borg off the 
court as he tried to return the 
excellent first serve. As he had 
so often all afternoon, Borg 
cracked back a two-fisted back¬ 
hand that was far more than ad¬ 
equate — a deep ball that landed 
well back in Connors' forehand 

The Edge 

For the thousandth time in 
the match, Connors had to make 
an instantaneous mental choice. 

And there, in the depths of the 
brain, is where Borg's edge lies. 

"I never feel tired, except in 
the mind.” he said after the 
match. “The biggest strain in 
tennis is keeping your concentra¬ 
tion through all those shots.” 
For a millisecond. Connors’ con¬ 
centration cracked. 

Connors later rasped, remem¬ 
bering the shot. “For a second, I 
couldn't deride.” 

The final set was, quite sim¬ 
ply. as good as tennis can get. 
Perhaps the two most memora¬ 
ble toots of the day by Borg 
came in the fourth game, when 
be faced Connors' only two 
break points of the set — two 
points that could have ended 
what may now be considered the 
greatest streak in the history of 
individual sports. 

Ooadang, Cornered 

Both times. Borg served in the 
direction of the royal box, a 
perch that Lady Diana Spencer, 
Prince Charles’ fiancee, had de¬ 
parted four hours earlier. Both 
times Connors, the finest recurn- 
of-serve animal of his era, 
crouched for the kill he has 
wanted here against Borg for 

And both times Borg served a 
120-mph missile that landed in 
the extreme comer of the service 
box — within an inch or two of 
the perfect place. 

Connors, his reflexes second 
to no one’s, never moved on ei¬ 
ther, never even tried for a re¬ 
turn. He was frozen with admi¬ 
ration. He just shook his head. 

Lloyd Thrashes Mandlikova 

Third-Time Wimbledon Champion Cruises , 6-2 , 6-2 

United Prat International 

WIMBLEDON. England — 
Chris Evert Lloyd, haunted by 
defeats in the three previous finals, 
won a war of nerves against Han a 
Mandlikova Friday to capture the 
Wimbledon tennis championship 
for the third time. 

In a onesided final lasting 61 
minutes, the 26-year-old American 
ran out an easy 6-2, '6-2 victory 
over her Czechoslovakian oppo¬ 
nent. becoming the first player to 
take the trophy without dropping a 
set since compatriot Billie Jean 
King in 1967. 

Bui Evert wasn’t thinking about 
such records: she was driven by 
the thought of regaining the title 
she held in 1974 and 1976 and of 
confirming her No. 1 status world¬ 
wide — against the only opponent 
who had beaten her this year. 

Nervous but Cool 

Admitting she was a nervous 
wreck. Even was the cool assassin 
chi court. Mandlikova, 19. was 
overcome by the occasion, showing 
few glimpses of the dyanmic form 
that had brought her victory over 
Lloyd in the French Open three 
weeks ago. 

“1 really didn’t warn to be 
runner-up four years in a row,” 
Even said. “I was determined to 
win this lime. When I am deter¬ 
mined, I am the best. 1 proved it at 
the U.S. Open last year [when she 
beat Mandlikova in the final] and I 
proved it at Wibbledon this year.” 

Even said the experience of 
playing her seventh Wimbledon fi¬ 
nal in 10 years was vital. 

“Talent is not enough, you have 
to be gutsy and use your head. 
Hana's nerves must have been 
even worse, because she played a 
sloppy and loose type of game and 
didn't use her bead. Hana would 
not have been human if she bad 
not been nervous.” 

Nervousness did characterize 
Mandlikova’s game. “In my first 
final at Wimbledon 1 expected to 
be nervous, and I was,” she said. 
“She didn’t beat me. I beat myself. 

1 tried to play short to her fore¬ 
hand and lob her when she came 
forward, but she played very well.” 

Mandlikova, two months 
younger than Evert was when she 
won the Wimbledon title for the 
first time seven years ago. never 
found a rhythm. She was ahead for 

the only time when she held ser¬ 
vice in the match's opening game. 

In the uexL game. Mandlikova 
forced Even to the net with chips, 
exposing the American to passes 
and lobs. But despite taking Even 
to three deuces. Mandlikova could 
not win the game —and from then 
on was dominated. 


Mandlikova maintained the out¬ 
come could have been different 
had that game gone her way. “If I 
had won the second game, and led 
2-0. it would have been much 
tougher for Chris." she said. 

As it was. Even broke Mandli- 
kova’s serve in the third game, the 
Czechoslovak double-faulting on 
the third point and twice more af¬ 
ter deuce to give Even a 2-1 lead. 

The American, now confident, 
took the next three games — mak¬ 
ing it five in a row — as she held 
service easily and Mandlikova 
again double-faulted and netted 
returns to throw away her own 

Mandlikova saved one set point 
in the seventh game with a brilliant 
backhand, one of the few shots in 
her repertoire that did not desen 
her. But the first set was over in 30 
minutes as Evert went up 40-15 in 
the eighth game and Mandlikova 
hit yet another weak return into 
the net. 

Mandlikova rallied at the start 
of the second set to take her op- 
pentng service game after three 
deuces, but Even refused to be rat¬ 

Demoralizing Mandlikova at 
every turn with forceful returns. 
Even was clearly determined to 
wipe out the memories of defeats 
in the final to Evonne Goolagpng 
Cawley last year and Martina Nav¬ 
ratilova the two years previous. 

After the first three games wem 
with service, Mandlikova gained a 
glimmer of hope by breaking Even 
for the first time with a spectacular 
cross-court backhand. 

But Even responded like a 
champion, breaking back (helped 
by two double-faults) to lead, 3-2; 
she then reded off die next three 
games, clinching victory when 
Mandlikova played a wayward 

Mandlikova’s talent may have 
deserted her. but not her confi¬ 
dence. “In the second set when I 
was 3-2 behind and serving with a 

chance to make it 3-all I believed I 

could win.” she said. “I still be- 
lived it when I was 2-5 down. ! al¬ 
ways thought my movement would 
come back. ” 

McEnroe Fined Again 

WIMBLEDON. England (AP) 
— John McEnroe was fined $750 
Friday for an outburst against a 
line judge during a men's doubles 
match played here Wednesday. 
The fine was in addition to one for 
S 1,500 McEnroe had to pay after 
an outburst in a first-round singles 

The latest fine was levied after 

McEnroe accused a dark-skinned 
official of being biased and a 
"cheat” during die doubles match 
between McEnroe and Peter Rein¬ 
ing against Vijay and Anand Am- 
ritraj of India.’ The tournament 
committee also recommended an 
additional fine of $2,500. That 
matter will be taken up by the 
Men's Professional Tennis Coun¬ 

McEnroe's first fine was for un¬ 
sportsmanlike behavior. Friday's 
was for “verbal abuse.” He faces 
yet another fine after being warned 
and penalized a penalty point dur¬ 
ing his semifinal against Austra¬ 
lian Rod Frawley Thursday. 

Chris Evert Uoyd 

‘... You have to be gutsy and use your head. ’ 

Yale Crew Out of r Challenge 9 Cup 

By Norman Hi ides-Heim 

New York Tuna Service 

land — The sun shone and then 
the rains poured, treating the spec¬ 
tators in the Stewards Enclosure 
watching Friday's second round of 
the Henley Royal Regatta to 
weather as varied as the day’s rac¬ 
ing results. 

Nowhere were American spirits 
more dampened than in the open¬ 
ing heats of the Grand Challenge 
Cup, where the varsity heavy¬ 
weight crews of Cornell, Boston 
University and Yale wem to down 
to successive defeats by British 

The Cornell loss to the Universi¬ 
ty of London, last year's Thames 
Challenge Cup champion, and 
Boston U.’s defeat by the British 
national team, rowing under the 
combined colors of the Leandcr 
and Tyrian Clubs, were somewhat 

the Thames Cup. 

Trident’s entry in the Wyfold 
Challenge Cup for coxless fours 
overcame a run-in with the lane 
buoys early in the race, as its 
stroke and steersman Guy Muller 

expectecL-Bul Yale's loss-to a com- -rallied his crew, which knocked' 

bined Oxford U niversi ty-Thames 
Tradesmen's Club crew was a 


out favored Siourport Rowing 
Gub of England and advanced to 
the next round. Haul an Boat Gub 
of Toronto, defeating England's 

seball Owners Said Pressing to End Strike 

Miuxay Cbass 

York Times Service 

RK — No movement 
Tee-week-old baseball 
{pparent from thereia- 
meeting the negotiators 
iday, but behind-the- 
(opmeiits seemed toin- 
zwners could be prepar- 
‘5 a significant effort to 
’ayer walkout that has 
cilation of 261 games, 
or not the owners actn- 
Jbat move and whether 
move would be snffi- 
uce the players to reach 
;l remains to be seen. 
«>me more definite idea 
he talks are going will 
m die next bargaining 
.todnled for Saturday 

fences in a row without calling a 
caucus and talking to his people.” 

In Thursday's session, Grebey 
and his lawyer. Barry Rona, met 
with Marvin Miller, the executive 
director of the Major League Play¬ 
ers Association; Donald Fehr, the 
MLPA’s general counsel; and 
player representatives Bob Boone 
of P hilade lphia and Doug De- 
Gnces of Baltimore. 

“We had a Faiiiy general discus¬ 
sion.” Miller said. ‘They felt they 

needed some time for internal con¬ 
sultation. They were to let us know 
at about 2 or 2:30 whether they 
would meet with us lata. The mes¬ 
sage we have now is they need 
more time to do whatever it is 
they’re doing.” 

Miller said neither ride made 
any new proposals Thursday. As 
for the rumblings beneath the sur¬ 
face, he said, “There have been too 
many false starts to be optimistic.” 

A spokesman for the owners* 

Player Relations Committee said 
the committee had no comment. 

Mark Belanger, the Baltimore 
player representative, said he 
sensed the owners’ negotiators 
were getting pressure for the first 

“I don’t get any positive vibes,” 
said Belanger, “but this was so 
strange I have to think they might 
be getting some pressure from out¬ 
ride the negotiating unit-” He was 
referring to the fact that the own¬ 

ers' ride declined to return for a 
second session Thursday. 

Besides the possibility of an 
owners' meeting and the owners’ 
desire to save the All-Star game 
and avoid the NLRB hearing, an¬ 
other possible pressure loomed. 
Local television and radio spon¬ 
sors of some teams’ games were 
said to have seat telegrams sug¬ 
gesting they might caned their 
sponsorship if the strike is not set¬ 
tled soon. 

Union of African Committees Pleases IOC 

ers bargamx 
romment on 

n rimnu f- 


which two represeata- 
'' owners and four of the 
'jgotiators met for less 
^ <jxr. The players’ negotia- 
. ihave much comment of 

„. .---J, E. Moffett, the federal 
■*?->'5aid only that the two 
md would again mi Sat- 

mmittee Targeted 

ording to various man- 
f Knees, pressure aimed at 
hflij yrinmg committee 
(rbttxldmg for a quick set- 
[fie that could salvage the 
'ame and would render 
1 y a National Labor Re¬ 
gard hearing into the 
unfair labor practice 
tinst the owners, 
ners, the sources said, 
much concerned about 
k of the hearing, which 
d to begin Monday, but 
it some of the testimony 
t be elicited from the 
ho would be called as 

liners have been publicly 
negotiations because they 
I of up to $500,000 if they 
l^ong things. They cannot 
, however, under oath on 
s stand. 

in Grebey 


\ one person involved 
' iations said he had 
hangs in Ray Grebt 
i recent sessions. Grd 
„ ers’ chief negotiator. 
,.^/s fighting his own 
■/ obvious,” said one i 
• ,2ng not to be identi 
•V say more than four. 


By Geoffrey Miller 

The Associated Press 

NEW YORK — The Olympic 
movement, often under threat 
from anti-apartheid militants, has 
taken a step toward solidarity in 

The 42 recognized national 
Olympic committees in Africa 
have formed a continental associa¬ 
tion. The International Olympic 
Committee sees it as another fa- 

Florida Silences 
Tennis Grunters 

The Associated Pros 

MIAMI — The pros say it 
gives them extra power. The 
kids do it because the pros da 

But the Florida Tennis Asso¬ 
ciation doesn't like it, so grunt¬ 
ing been banned. Says the 
FTA: “The point penalties ap¬ 
ply for a player who makes in¬ 
tentional, disconcerting and un¬ 
necessary noises such as grunt¬ 
ing while points are being 
played in a match.” 

Marvin Pfaender, FTA presi¬ 
dent, said the first measure of 
its kind in the nation is an in¬ 
terpretation of the Internation¬ 
al Tennis Federation’s long-es¬ 
tablished interference rule. 

FTA umpires are to be alert 
for deliberate grunting that rat¬ 
tles or deceives an opponent. 
“Everybody grunts when you 
strain."* 1> *aeoder said. “Thai’s 
*•»* ' SL" He said the 

^ed with gnmt- 
’ayers baaii«. 
rack* - ' • 

vocable move in its-campaign to 
keep politics out of sport. 

At the recent inaugural meeting 
of the new association at Lome, 
the capital of Togo, the most sig¬ 
nificant event was that Abraham 
Ordia, the dominant figure in Afri¬ 
can span politics for the last dec¬ 
ade, was not chosen as president. 

Instead the association elected 
An«ni Matthia, president of the 
Togo Olympic Committee. He is a 
man with a low profile, not linked 
in the public mind with such anti- 
South Africa demonstrations as 
the walkout by the blade African 
countries from the 1976 Olympic 
Games in MontreaL 


Ordia masterminded that boy¬ 
cott as president of the Supreme 
Council for Sport in Africa. As 
secretary general of the Nigerian 
NOC, he was an obvious candidate 
to head the new body. 

Juan Antonio Samaranch, presi¬ 
dent of the IOC, attended the 

tant campaign to cut off South Af¬ 
rica from world sport. Every time 
some country sends a cricket team, 
a rugby union squad or some other 
sporting group to play in South 
Africa, the council retaliates by 
threatening to boycott a big inter¬ 
national sports event. 

That was the basis of the Afri¬ 
can walkout from Montreal in 
1976. New Zealand had sent a rug¬ 
by team to South Africa and bad 
its usual squad of athletes compet¬ 
ing in the Olympics. 

Games in Shadow 

At the moment a tour by the 
South African rugby team, the 
Springboks, is casting doubtful 
shadows ova next year's Com¬ 
monwealth Games in Brisbane. 
The Springboks have now agreed 
to play three matches in the Unit¬ 
ed States, so threats might be ex¬ 
pected to keep African athletes 
away from the 1984 Olympics in 
Los Angeles. 

dent of the IOC, attended the 

Lome meeti n g. Bade at his deskin -n- -i j qiw,» 

Laussanne, Switzerland, he avoid- nOled-l/Ut 1 rap onOt 

X Puts Pooley in Lead 

things had gone. United Press International 

“It is a good thing for the Olym- OAK BROOK, QL — Dan Poo- 
pic movement to have the African ley holed a 60-foot sand-trap shot 

pic movement to nave me /unom icy uwa a wiuui Muiu-usfi sum 
NOCs working together in one as- on the final hole Thursday to card 
sodafion.” he said. “We have a 4-nnder-par 68 and take a one- 

__.-It- .... " .L-l I_I .ri-r ,L. C«< nf 

someone we can talk to now.” 

Similar associations have been 
formed in the last two years by the 
NOCs of the Western Hemisphere 
and Europe. Some IOC members 
are not too happy about these de¬ 
velopments. They want to main¬ 
tain the supreme authority of the 
parent body n*>d think NOCs 
should remain individual local 
brar ties oflOC. 

*ca is a rather different case, 
members bad to choos%|pe- 
Wling with an ass *■» 
\and dealing wir' 

shot lead after the first round of 
the Western Open golf tourna¬ 
ment. At. 69 were Greg Powers, 
Jim Simons, Joe Ttiman and Bill 
Rogers. Lee Trevino, J.C. Snead, 
Andy North, Mike Peck, Jim Col¬ 
bert, Mike Reid and Tom Jenkins 
were bracketed at 71. 

“The longest banka shot I ever 
made” climaxed a wild finish for 
Pootey. He was pressed to save par 
four times in tbs last six holes. “I 
scrambled well all day. I hadn’t 
beat hitting the ball wriL I hadn’t 
\ putting wefl. I haven’t con- 
welL 1 hope things are 
ftound." PooJey has won 
"■«* yason. .. 

When the supreme council goes 
on the rampage, it is always sus¬ 
pected of bong under the influ¬ 
ence of the purely political Organi¬ 
zation for African Unity. But in 
the last two years the council has 
appeared to move slightly away 
from political influences. 

Two years ago it elected a new 
secretary, Lamme Da of Senegal, 
in place of the militant Jean 
Claude Ganga. Ordia and Ganga 
worked together cm the Montreal 
boycott in 1976. Ganga was the 
spokesman, denouncing New Zea¬ 
land and screaming with emotion 
when be addressed press confer¬ 

Da, deeply involved in the ad¬ 
ministration of African trad: and 
field, was reported as being op¬ 
posed to the Montreal boycott. So 
when Da replaced Ganga as coun¬ 
cil secretary the IOC saw it as a 

Long Memory 

The IOC has never forgotten 
that the only African countries 
that remianed in the Olympic 
Gaines at Montreal woe Senegal 
and the Ivory Coast Those were 
two of the few countries in Africa 
where the IOC had members to 
plead its cause. 

More African members have 
been taken in to the IOC since. 
Two of them, Rashi Mo hamm ed 
Attarabulsi of Libya and Rene Es- 
somba of the Cameroons, were 
elected vice presidents of the new 
African association. 

The first vice president is Mbo- 
go Wa Karaau, president of the 
Kenyan NOC. He is not a member 
of the IOC but is known for his 
efforts to keep African politics out 
of sport 

Da is the secretary of the new 
association. It rejected Ordia as 
president ^but chose Da as secre¬ 
tary. r \members hope it is a 
**«■*■ ^influence of the miii- 

npreme council is on 

Yale, victorious this year in the _ 

Wijnands Takes 

touted as this year’s best U.S. hope v ^ 0 

in ‘the Grand.* With the largest “til 1 OUT 
contingent of oarsmen of any " 

school entered here in many years I n Ti^L • Piwiol, 
and with a flotilla of parents and 1X1 \ ‘g 111 r IMS* 1 
camp-followers cheering, Yale The Associated Press 

went to the starting line seeeming- NAN ES. France (AP) 
ly sure of success. Aadrien Wijnands of the Nethi 

But Oxford beat the E l is at the Innrlc won the leg of t 

start, gaining a third of a boat Tour de France bicycle race F 
length ova the first quarter-mile day. finishing first in a large pa 
of the race, increasing it to a full of riders who raced the 180 kOoi 
length at the Barrier and a length- eters (111.8 miles) from Rochefo 
and-a-half at the mile mark before Sur-Mer to Nantes. Frenchm 
winning by one and three-quarter Bernard Hinault retained the ovt 
lengths in the time of 6.56. all lead. 

The University of Washington, Nearly all the racers finished 
which earlier in the year had hand- a g^p ^ gjj were gj ven ^ c f 
ed Yale its only intercollegiate de- ^ of 4 hours, 35.37 minut. 
feat, drew a bye Friday. The Wijnands, however, was awardee 
Huskies have been salivating at the 30-second bonus for finishing fir 
prospect of racing Yale again here making his adjusted winning tir. 
at Henley. While Yale's defeat Fri- 4:35.07. 
day denied Washington its re- " , . .. ..... 

match, it places Washington under “ ded ^ ^ijoan 

the greater challenge of being the Jua ? Fernandez of Spa 

only remaining U.sT hope in “the fighting K out and Bdgun spnnt 
Grmid " Freddy Maenens bursting out 

Maybe the JVs 

The junior varsity heavyweight 
crews of Yale and Washington 
may get the race their varsity peers 
have been denied, as both ad¬ 
vanced in their beats of the Ladies' 
Challenge Plate. The heavyweight 
crews of Williams and Trinity Col¬ 
lege (Conn.) also advanced in that 
event, leaving four U.S. crews in 
the final eight 

Trinity’s heavyweights, rowing 
into a headwind, took advantage 
of their size in defeating Prince¬ 
ton's varsity lightweights in their 
aU-U.S. heat. 

Trinity’s lightweights lost their 
beat of the Thames Challenge Cup 
to a heavier Thames Rowing club 
crew by a 4-foot margin in the 
day’s closest race. Yale’s junior 
varsity lightweights also lost in the 
Thames, leaving a U.S. national 
squad, rowing as the Charles River 
Rowing Association, as the only 
remaining U.S. entry in that event. 
Saturday, Charles River mil meet 
Trident Rowing Gub of South Af- 



BALTIMORE—Announced the retirement at 
Ken M en denhall, center. 

CINCINNATI—Stoned Hubert Simpson. fulF 

Miami—N amed Joe Thomas to Its front office 


ST. LOUIS—Stoned urvenle MllcMll. naming 
back, to o senes ot one-year contract*. 


BUFFALO—Named Nick Potono ossJstonl 
coodL Sig n ed Dove Gorman and Don Keller, ler- 


Martn America* Soccer League 
EDMONTON—Renamed Tbno Uefcesfcl head 
CBadi and Jov Hottmcn assbtont aioch. 

MISSOURI— Homed Richard Grower twist- 

ant hnefc oHu d l ra n r h. 

RICHMOND— Named Dick Tarrant head bos- 
hfitfrttH cootfi 

ROANOKE—Named Ed Often oltitotlesdlree. 

ST. BONAVENTURE—Named AnHienr wf 
vino head women's Basketball coach. 

In Tight Finish 

• The Associated Press 

NAN ES. France (AP) — 
Aadrien Wijnands of the Nether¬ 
lands won the ninth leg of the 
Tour de France bicycle race Fri¬ 
day, finishing first in a large pack 
of riders who raced the 180 kilom¬ 
eters (111.8 miles) from Rochefort- 
Sur-Mer to Nantes. Frenchman 
Bernard Hinault retained the over¬ 
all lead. 

Nearly all the racers finished in 
a group and all were given an offi¬ 
cial lime of 4 hours, 35.37 minutes. 
Wijnands, however, was awarded a 
30-second bonus for finishing first, 
making his adjusted winning time 

The race ended with Wijnands 
and Juan Fernandez of Spain 
fighting it out and Belgian sprinter 
Freddy Maenens bursting out of 
the pack to take third. Fernandez 
gained a 20-second bonus for plac¬ 
ing second and Maertens shaved 
10 seconds off his time for third. 

Hinault retained the overall lead 
with a total time of 29:54.41 for 
the nine events thus far. He earned 
a 12-second bonus by winning one 
of the five sprint races, which are 
held at various stages of the day’s 

The riders have their first rest 
day here Saturday before setting 
off on Sunday’s 194-kilometer 
(121-mile) 10th stage to Le Mans. 

9th Stage 

I. Aadrien WtinaraH. Nemertands. * hours. 
3SJ7 minutes. 

I Juan F e tnondez. Spain, some time 
X Freddy Maertens. Batoium, s-i. 

4. Eddy Ptanckaert. Batoium. sj. 

5. Guido von Colster. Betotom. s-L 

6. Klous-Pelm’ Thaler. West Germany. S.L 

7. Sean Keltv. Ireland. s.t. 

X Jesus Suarei-Cueva. Spain, s.1. 

9. Yvon Berlin. France, cl. 

IX Rudy P ewen oae. Belgium, s.1. 

Overall Leaders 

1. Bernard Hinault FroncsWWI. 

X Phil Anderson. Australia. :37 behind. 
1 Michel Laurem. Franca. S: IX 

4. Ronv Claes. Belgium. 5:32. 

5. Luclen van impe. Beialum. 5:3X 
A. Juan Fernandez. Spain, ft :0X 

7. Claude CrtauleMan, France, 6:03. 

X GarrieVer linden. Belgium, 6:17. 

«. Peter Wlimen. Netherlands. 6:34. 

10. Gilbert OocfefrJjassalle. France. 6:Tt. 

Town mead Rowing Gub, also ad¬ 
vanced in the event, in which no 
U.S. crew is entered- 

The only U-S. entry in the Dia¬ 
mond Challenge Sculls, the most 
famous of all single rowing races, 
saw the only U.S. entry. Brad Lew¬ 
is of Newport BeacK Calif„ lose 
his heal. This year's Diamond is 
without any strong entries, the 
likely winner appearing to be Gin's 
BaiUieu, Britain's former Olympic 
silver medalist in double sculls. 

Holy Spirit High School of 
Absecon. N J., favored in the Prin¬ 
cess Elizabeth Challenge Cup. de¬ 
feated England’s Abingdon School 
by four lengths in a race delayed 
more than three hours because of 
equipment breakage in both crews. 
Groton School, the only other U.S. 
crew in the Princess Elizabeth, lost 
by a length to a local school after 
leading until the last quarter-mile 
of the race. 

Racing continues Saturday with 
history to be made when two wom¬ 
en's exhibition events, in addition 
to the traditional men’s races, will 
be rowed for the first time over 
this ancient course. 

Roughriders Beat 
Argos, 18-16, in 
Opener for CFL 

United Press International 

TORONTO — Rookie kicker 
Paul Watson capped a sensational 
debut with a game-winning 16- 
yard field goal with 3:10 remaining 
to lift the Saskatchewan Roughrid¬ 
ers to a 19-18 triumph Thursday 
night over the Toronto Argonauts 
in the Canadian Football League 
season opener. 

The field goal gave Watson 13 
points for the game and made Joe 
Faragalli’s debut as 
Saskatchewan's head coach a suc¬ 
cess. It was an important victory 
for the Roughriders, who were 
looking to improve on dreadful 2- 
14 records in the last two seasons. 

After quarterback Condredge 
Holloway directed a pair of sec¬ 
ond-half scoring drives to give To¬ 
ronto an 18-16 lead, Argo running 
back Cedric Min ter Tumbled the 
ball at his own 25 to set up Wat¬ 
son’s decisive three-pointer. 

The Roughriders had taken ad¬ 
vantage of an error-prone Argo¬ 
naut offense to build a 15-4 half¬ 
time lead. 

CFL Standings 



Hamilton 0 0 a JM0 0 a 

Montreal 0 0 0 JKM t O 

Ottawa 0 0 0 JWO 0 0 

Toronto D 1 0 BOO 18 19 



0 0 1-000 
a o am 
e o xoo 
o o jxn 
0 I w 

Thundav’* Result 
Saskatchewan 19. Toronto IB 


The murf spectacular ! program of the vrar 


One of the preateM French rarinp nenis 

I hr fsilrwa* ..f ParU SAINT (IDL'D ran lie casih rmihoJ. 
b< uuntrniiLt anJ forf rnt-jrt of lrj|t>|iurt. 


Page 14 

Art Buchwald 


.Mary Blame_—-—- 

Visiting Sickness Robert Preston 

W ASHINGTON — Something 
happens to people when 


>w- — 

VY happens to people when 
they visit friends or relatives in the 
hospital. I was forced to spend a 
few days in one not long ago for 
.minor surgery, and had a chance 
to observe the behavior of people 
who came to comfort me. 

As a patient, I discovered you 
are at a complete 

Dressed in hospi¬ 
tal garb, and 
stuck in a bed, 
you're no longer 
on equal terms 
with vour pals. 

Without their re¬ 
alizing it, the en¬ 
tire relationship 
has changed. Buchwald 

From being a 

friend on equal footing with the 
Parkers. 1 suddenly found myself 
bang treated like the senile uncle 
when they appeared at the hospital 
room door. 

“You look great,” Yvonne Par¬ 
ker said. “Doesn’t he look great. 

“You certainly do,” Bill agreed. 
“I've never seen you looking bet¬ 

“I feel great I’m sore, but I feel 
just great.” 

“You have good color in your 
face,” Yvonne said. 

"Thanks,” I replied. "Won’t you 
sit down?” 

“If he says so. he should know ” 
Bill said. 

“He wouldn't let you go home 
unless you were better,” Yvonne 

A 'Gym-Trained 9 Heavy Ponders 
Making of Movies From B to A 

pnXpj peiitidExpertRaises 
I tUiLlii Doubts onEvaBraun • 

The body identified by Soviet erf- w* no official woxd from Buck-' 
fidals at tL end of World War II utghaih Mwetut a iqyat court re- 
as Eva Bran, mistress of German porter sanTthe. obqTwas omitted 

“That's what I thought** 1 I said. 
“The reason he wants me to stay 
here is, if I go home, m Overdo it 
At the same time, he doesn't want 
me to stay in bed an day because 
I’ll get stiff. He wants me to walk 

Yvonne said, “We’ll leave if you 
want to walk around.” 

“No. 1 don't want to walk 
around now. I’ll walk around lat- 

“I can't believe how good you 
look,” Bill commented. “Doesn’t 
he look good, Yvonne?” 

“I've never seen him look bet- 

“WelL what's going on in the 

outside world?” I asked. 

“Don't think about the outside 

“We can’t stay too long,” Bill 
said nervously, as he sat down. 
Then he got up. "Would you like a 
drink of water?” 

“I don't think so. right now. But 
if I do I can pour one from this 
pitcher next to my bed.” 

“Isn't that great, Yvonne? He 
can pour his own water.” 

“i think it's just wonderful Can 
l help you with your pillow?" 

“No (hank you. I’m very com¬ 

“You look comfortable. I 

“That's right There’s no sense 
thinking about other things until 
you’re on the mend.” 

“Well," said Bin, “we don't 
want to tire you out” 

“You’re not tiring me ait I feel 

“You don’t think you’re tired,” 
Yvonne said, “because you feel so 
good. But you have to rest Do you 
want me to put your bed down?” 

“No, if I want to put my bed 
down, I can do it with this button 
right here.” 

“We don't want to interfere with 
your dinner," Bill said. 

“It’s only three o'clock. They 
don’t serve dinner around here un¬ 
til five.” 

Yvonne said, “Then you proba¬ 
bly want to wash up for iL Bill, 
we'd better be moving along.” 

International Herald Tribute 

L ONDON — Robert Preston 
settled into the makeup 
chair at Pinewood studios for the 
long process that would 
transform his rugged face into 
that of an effeminate nightclub 
star in the Blake Edwards musi¬ 
cal, “Victor/Victoria.” 

“That’s the way we used to 
make up our eyes when I was a 
lad*’* he observed after a while. 
“God, in the days when we used 
to put gray in our hair to play a 
32-year-old man.” 

Bom Robert Preston Meservey 
and raised in Hollywood, Preston 
si gn ed with Paramount on the 
same day as William Holden. 
They were both 19. They ordered 
their first Cadillac convertibles 
the same month (Holden's was 
cheaper because be had ordered 
directly from Detroit) and both 
had the luck to work at the start 
with Barbara Stanwyck. 

“She was the dream of the 
world. B31 and I, without her we 
wouldn't have made iL She 
wouldn't even let us get still pic¬ 
tures made without approving 
them.” She also gave them tips 
on screen kissing, advising them 
to copy Lunt and Fontaxme: 
“They didn’t kiss like high school 
kids, they used their whole bod¬ 

ed to anything he said, he'd say if 
it weren't for me you’d still be 
parking cats at Santa Anita,” 

The final break came when af¬ 
ter service, in World War II Pres¬ 
ton won his freedom frrim Para¬ 
mount and accepted one of his 
favorite roles in “The M acorn her 
Affair.” DeMille disapproved; 
“He said don't play that part, the 

man sa 

Preston in “Victor/Victoria” (left), “S.O.B.* 

“He seat me a script of 'Un- 
conquered.’ Talk about heavies, 
the man he wanted me to play 
was unregenerate. Before they 
were out of port he had horse¬ 
whipped four or five slaves in¬ 
cluding the leading lady. Howard 
da Silva later played iL DeMille 
never understood that I would 
play Macomber instead. He 
didn't talk to me for the rest of 
his life.” 

'Beaten Up’ by Alan Ladd 

wouldn't even know you had been 
sick,” Yvonne said. “What does 

your doctor say?” 

“He says I’m doing just fine. He 
doesn't think Til have to slay the 

Patton Square In Paris. 

The Associated Press 

PARIS — Paris Mayor Jacques 
Chirac on Friday dedicated a 
square in the city's 16th axron- 
dissemenl as Place General Patton 
in honor of the late U.S. Army 
Gen. George S. Patton. 

Bill got up. “You look just 


Yvonne agreed. “I wouldn’t be¬ 
lieve it if I hadn’t seen it with my 
own eyes.” 

Bill said, “You’re going to be 
okay, guy. Isn’t he going to be all 
right, Yvonne?” 

“Of course he’s going to be all 
right. He’ll be his own self in no 

“You bear that, fellow? Yvonne 
says you're going to be your old 
self in no time. And when she says 
something like that, you’d belter 
listen to her. She knows what she’s 

*51981. Lee Angela Times Syndicate 

Holden went on to become a 
screen hero; Preston became a 
heavy. “Alan Ladd was only so 
high bat he beat me up in five 
pictures,” he said. “I’d gel the 
best role in B pictures and the 
second best in A pictures.” He 
didn’t win proper recognition un¬ 
til he went to Broadway for his 
award-winning performance in 
“The Music Man” (1957) but 
even early in his screen career he 
was working weekends on the 
stage with a group caned “ 18 Ac¬ 

“We had permission from The 
New Yorker, including [J.D.] Sal¬ 
inger, to do all their short stories 
royalty-free. We did 'For Esme 
With Love and Squalor* and The 
Girls in Their Summer Dresses.' 
When I came to New York, I was 
fully gym-trained.” 

Possibly because he never 
reached super-stardom, Preston 
has kept an amiable objectivity 
about the old days as well as a 

crystalline memory for such 
events as Dorothy Lamoar’s 
wedding showeis and such dra¬ 
gons as the gossip columnist 
Louella Parsons (“Sbe was a doll, 
she was kind of frightening but 
she liked actors if they were nice 
to her”)- Hale and bursting with 
vitality, what be likes best, he 
says, is “the working joy that you 
feel long after the fun of seeing 
yourself on the screen wears off. 

“In the past few years. I’ve 
worked with people I've wanted 
to work with.” These include 
Sam uel Peckinpah. Michael Rit¬ 
chie, Sidney Lumet and Blake 
Edwards. Before “Victor/Victo¬ 
ria,” he made another Edwards 
film which came out in the (J.S. 
and Britain this week: the con¬ 
troversial “S.O.B..” in which 
Preston plays Dr. Finegarten, a 
needle-happy celebrity doctor. 

As a teen-ager, Preston worked 
with Tyrone Power's mother, 
who bad her own repertory com¬ 
pany (“She looked like the wom¬ 
an on the old 50-cent piece, a 
fine-looking woman”), and he 
was playing Harry Van in “Idi¬ 
ot's Delight” in Pasadena when 
Paramount came along. 

see wrestlers I go to the Legion 
stadium”), whereupon the B-pic- 
ture man got a noted director, 
Robert Florey, to direct Preston’s 
screen test with the care usually 
devoted to a major film. Preston 
got a contract and the B-picture 
man got the A-man’s job. 

Studio life was rigidly orga¬ 
nized. “The studio was paternal¬ 
istic Every stitch of dothes I 
owned they bought. I had a white 
tie and tails, a bomburg. When 
you dressed up, you felt you be¬ 
longed to them.” 

He had what he considers the 
. ill luck to be taken up by Cedi B. 
DeMille almost from the start 
“It was terrible to work in so 

Preston and his wife have lived 
in Connecticut for some years. “I 
was never part of the Hot- 
tywoood scene;” he says. But his 
distanced PTWl t^ifwinne view of 
that scene could provide a mar¬ 
velous memoir if only he wanted 
to write one. 

fidals at.the end of World War it ■ 
as Eva Bran, mistress of German 
dictator Adolf HWer, may have 
been someone rise, according to 
Prof. Reidar F. Sognnses. The pro¬ 
fessor. a dental surgeon, sad he 
helped identify Hitler's remains, 
but he raised doubts about _the 
woman’s body found near the Ber- 
Un bunker where Hitler and Eva 
Braun killed themselves on April 
30,1945, as the Red Army ;stamied ; 
into the dty. Captured aides said 
they took the bodies outside the 
bunker, doused them with gasoline 
and set them afire. The Times of 
London, in an intervie w with 
Sognnaes. who recently .retired 
fnSTthe Schools of Medidnejhd. 
Dentistry at the University Of Qfr 
fornia in Los Angeles. said: he 
questions the identity because veiy 
severe exposure to fire burned . 
bones in the face and charted; it 
beyond recognition, but a dental 
bridge with white plastic teeth was' 
supposed to have survived, intact 
This piece of dental evidence, used . 
by the Russians' to identify the - 
body, was not found with it Trot ; 

after lengthy discussions between 
Charles. Diana and the archbishop 
of Canterbury, Robert Raocfe, 
who- will'.officiate at tbc/g 
service. _ ,.J. Af safety expert saidp ** 
there is an “appalling lack” of fir tS 
precautions at St Raufs 
’tot officials of . the church and 
London FireBrigade. said not 
worry- JaioffsTpe, director generidW, 
of the British &rfety.C0unt5 T sarfjK 
in a ieport. thai -“even a small fire 
or smoke bomb ’ could cause 
eaought panic to'kill'many.” Fired 
Brigade Senior Officer Band Ham] 
caBed ; ’the report “alarmist” an® 
said fire inroectcffs would be pref- 
ent during the Wedding. . • j " 

The marriageof ^Toronto pianist^, 
Hud Drake and Princess Marief 5 . 
Christine Daphne of Belgium hit 
sour note after Utile, more than p^ 
month. The -couple^ who married^ 
in Florida on May 23;-separated! 
this week, and-Drake says “ttfeur 
over” The 43-year-old pianist said)? 6 
be didn't know why tire nmrriage^ 
failed -“You’d better ask herJ’ he IV 

later, said the professor, .. ask SPHEfr 


Too Many Books 

many DeMHk things right away. 
He was a bastard. He didn’t di¬ 

rect people, just crowds. He 
fooled hims elf on almost all lev¬ 
els. I'm sure he believed in the 

crap he did. He was a terrible, 
terrible man.” 

Power Straggle 

He got a contract because of 
the power struggle between the 
chiefs of the talent departments 
for A and B-levd films. The A- 
picture man turned Preston 
down at lint sight (“If I want to 

Preston’s first DeMille film 
was “Union Pacific” (1939), 
which was promoted on a U.S. 
train tour. “DeMille said I have 
to introduce you to all those peo¬ 
ple and I don’t know anything 
about you. I said I've done three 
B pictures. He shook his head. I 
said 2 was is the theater. He said, 
no I mean work. I told him that 
while I was at the theater I 
parked cars at Santa Anita race- 
trade. For the next 156 dries I 
was the boy he’d round in the 
parking lot And later if I object- 

“Too many people have writ¬ 
ten books,” be says. “I was work¬ 
ing with Cedric Hardwkke, God 
rest him, shortly after be wrote 
his book. 1 said, Cedric why is it 
that every story I’ve heard in the 
theater since I was 10 happened 
to you? 

“David Niven has written two 
bocks, he could write a third, he 
was insane He never told the 
story Loretta Young tdls about 
him. They went together to a par¬ 
ty at Frank Borzage’s. There was 
a sunken living room and Niven 
fell right into xL Next night, an¬ 
other party, another sunken liv¬ 
ing room, another spin. Loretta 
asked him what was going on. He 
said I’m not going to be known 
as that charming young English¬ 
man who takes Loretta Young 
around. I’m going to be known 
as the charming young English¬ 
man who falls on ins ass every 
time be .goes into a living room. 
Next day Sam Goldwyn called 
him anH said who is that charm¬ 
ing young Pngjighman who falls ’ 
on his ass every time he goes into 
a living room? That’s how he got 
his start.” 

the workshop and was never fitted. 
The Russians told him die bridge; 
had since been destroyed. Sogn- 
nais said he would not go so fair as-; 
to suggest that Eva Braun is aHve, 
but he suggests there is an entgma 
about what happened - following 
Hitler’s last hours in the bunker, 
and it is posable she'stffl lies uni¬ 
dentified somewhere under East ^ 
Berlin. *: i 

' letter asking that she mid her fans -40 
'. band “remain good.frieodl,” ac- 

A shy mother of three from the 
D omini can Republic gives God 
the credit for maldng her the big¬ 
gest winner in the history of the 
the New York State lottery. Dajrsi 
Fernandez, 37, wife of a Manhat¬ 
tan knitting-factory worker, waited ~ 
nearly a week before d ai i na g her 
£ 2.8 millio n Lotto winnings, hop¬ 
ing to avoid publicity. “All the 
rime I pray to my Lord — 'You 
know th»* I need money for my 
children, to give them a good 
education,* ” she told a news con¬ 
ference. Those prayers, she said, 
wdre responsible for her win. “This 
is my Kfe,” she said, kissing the 
ticket. “Thank you.” 

In a break with royal custom. 
Lady Diaaa Spencer win not- 
pxomise to “obey” her husband 

when she marries frince Charles in 

Sl Paul's Cathedral July 29. There 

■ cording to Drake. .“I dau’t wantafa; 
•Mend,” said Drake,.the widowM^ 
father of three daughters, .“I wanW fai 
edawife.” - . .j'vJS 

-* -* V;- • 

- Dte Anderson, a computer expert Jj: 
in - Ann Arbor, Mkh^ who . - will 
come the first Peace Cofps 
.leer in China,, says life assigrandit “ 
was “a shock.” “L really had. So. 
idea China was being considered” 
said Anderson, who was piked by & 
the Peace Corps to partiemmte in a^Ki 
program called the United Nations js* 
Volunteers, which sends expats*® 
from all over the weald to nations £ 
requesting assistance: The Cpr-^ 
vallis; Ore.; man said b£ signed ap *2 v 
for the Peace Corps beCanse “I ^ 
sort of became disillusioned with 
the 9-to-S system where a: thinJof ^ 
your existence: is owed to some¬ 
body dse.” So, instead tif waking -- 
at the Hcwleti-Padcard Co.’s per-, 
sonai computer division, AsdcrVlT 
son, 26, who holds a masters d trjl 

gree in computer science-from the' l 
University of Southern California, 
will -be t eaching computer theory 
and English aohe Peking Institute 
of Computing.'Anderson is sched-l 
tiled to leave for China "before 
March. /' ‘jii 


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roorn. Balcony overlooking trees. Jhiy - 

Aug. F 3500 per month. 63< 48 92. 

DREAMS EngUi Section. Re* RF 
fennne fthnlA 17 rve Monrun 
06000MCE. FRANCE (93) 4727 54 




Vwus-Cobnfaer, ton 6b Ma St. Sut 

DORDOGNE, devbpnent lend fa 2 
houses. 5.000 F 150,000. Ok> 
toau de lanan, F-24800 Devon. 
DOBWGW rai rature osrfe. Superb 

SnSStfr 3? 3W0 t*7S 


6 Q 11 QRE 


SAFE RETU0I DARUNS - only a tor 
nvHmn years now - Prama. 






371 1760 




ctole homo. 2000 sq. feel, lovely gar 
den, rare opportunity m emfane 
area. Asking DM 898000. Comae* 
Germany (0)6174-21009. 





Rone ideal stimhon, few steps from St. 
tophan's Cathedral sunny o p ort ssen t. 
190 sq.m., very representative, defcae 
turrvshoigi, fat floor in modem house. 
Reply la Herald. Ban 16 Bo nfcyiswi 8, 


Ran. homo, a few hotels & bioda of 
4-20 flob. manly FrwiKsId Wnte to 
braces. P.0.8n 229. ICe ns iri ftio n. Lcrv 
don W8 or phone London 605 £555. 

fOREKDCRS ujn buy opelffletfi on 
LAKE GBHEVA, in Mcmfreua near Lou- 
some. or oD yem round resorts.- Sl. 
Gergue near Geneva, ViBars. Us Dio- 
bfaets. Leyen, Morans cmd Verbuy. 
5rwias » farr b ed ro oms from S Fr 
12 0J3O0. Fimaiong up to 70% o» 7% 
irtoat per arvwm. AdwM area pre¬ 
fer ' ed. Vbil (eaperttae befete ferdser 
rectrkhoos impos ed on ptechosee by 
fm ef g nem. Associated with anhorced 
1 courtiers 01 the toon. Abo quolty 
comtments m France- EV1AN on Lake 
I Geneva and MEGEVE, a summer ond 
1 winter poroefea where ue labn tm mem. 
asprov^mafay 35 minutes from Gene- 
1 ws. With no 1 e stri c t! a n s- WrrSe to- De- 
1 vetaper. C'O Gtobe Plan SA. Moofa- 
! poi 24. 1QQ5 Loaonne. Swdnrland. 

; TeF 021-22 35 12. Tito 25185 mehsch 

ms, root gord 
I let From 15 J 

able short or long lei from ' 
Tefc PI) 668 «11. erdem 
(Mrs. Unwin] 

UPBQUB. hkgh over Seme, near Pont 
Nmrf. Large, beamed stuefro. Lunurt- 
ous. both btahen. F 2800 Rent Ji4y 
15lh - Sept. 30th Tek 633 22 41. 

DUROC Owner's charrwng 130 sgjn. 
aportnenl. cahn, sunny A fully 
equipped. 567 28 13. 

OX5HOTT new Cobhom, Sunn. Luxu¬ 
ry country house 56 beds, 3 recep 
uonv 3 baths, new fitted Mchen. to 
•rate estate. Oose London, ovports. 
Amenean SchooL Lana let E1«00 / 
month. Teh Ovshon 36SS eees os 
ISWI SUPERB hnury fumshed Hal. 2 
I bedrooms, 2 bathrooms, lounge/c&v 
! mg, fitted btefwn. Idealy aluosed 
i ovei f oo ki nc St fane's Square. Embas- 
• sy / Company lets. Z2XS wee* inch? 
I eve DetaisfOll6530178. 
iLOPOON - to farxshed flats and 
I house*, die service leodsta US Coipo- 
1 ratons me- Amscombo A togfaid. Tel. 
i London 435 H22. T>: 299660. 

16th. NOVATE, duplex m vRo Mor*- 
moreio From fay 5 for 1-3-3 months. 

morency From fay i 
P 4000. Tel.-527 44 4 

AVE. FOCK luxury. My erajipped 2 
bedrooms, 2 bade. Tri- 5Q1 89 80. 

R£ SAMT LOUtS. taxurraus Pmfa.'Tefc 

■E ST. UXJIS. beautiful 2 room. July 
15-Od. 15. F450O Tel: 633 X 08. 
NO AO04T. Charmingly furmshed fxg 
sturSo. berfrocm. serroce. 257 0414 

WE AH SBONO on e xp erienced 
Amerieon Sofamon, currentfy Suing 
mid worSfrig in the United Kingdom, 10 
pmm* our product le SuestmenJ 
won o ger s of UsotfinB finonod inshtu- 
bons. Our ideal o on ad u te is between 
X aid 40, a irff slat i ng, djmurivc. 
gooLodented incividutd. vwdi a prawn 
perfortnonce record. Compensosion ■ 
M be dofrnetnod in ocoordaioe with 
boctoo u nd and performance. Some 
United Kingdom Pavel a i m wieed. E 
you are a seasoned, high caiber pro¬ 
ducer m hsel ted in job uJ v an ownent. 
good finanrial jyowth and a dee p e r 
eerafuens en t witfi on s c aring com¬ 
pany. please respond with O resume 
fa Box 3972SrwT, 103 Kngwray. 
London WC2. 


Beotoi ec Test on 

area manager fa Ewcpx The pae- 
hon wdl involve a support role fa <fe- 
Inbutors A drrKJ scew plus overal 
tnatagemetd d the European opera 
bon. The person selected must hove o 
technical background & shovdd be Sv- 
■■B in the Benriux oewrtfim. Pierae 
tend your resume & fvd deta ils to be 

DYNAMIC creative 
(30), ex - and servo 
e dge i n buno ess a 
5®pci •wptoyftere 
OroSoti or Japan 

wMi Amedoaa / 



SSLSla SW5d?f??^S7 

•8+': -Abo Slrt4fan *Upori Avon-fa«n. 
cottage slee p s 4/5. t^re)292867.UK. 
tOVE TOSKD JalyJS - 251W- *£ 
Franco, video ff 2500. GornpWar Ihi-' 
fimner -faperl Galt 327.62 55 tok.' 

HN ON TOE SEA. Yaidfa. Tafc-ffraete. 
Greece. 4534069. The 21149._• •' 




travel, boohs & raneic. I . 
ton Bax 39697, W. Kfi Kmgsway. 
London WCZ 


Male with Past-Graduate Oo mrmn ioa- 
fions E oon uwe a A French. History of 
neride n oe abraadL Seeks e mp fay me nt 



Qrihanc. Writer Rat 1,43 Who 0 Cres¬ 
cent, London SW1. 

LAP® SURVEYOR. 34. married TO 
yean experience Australia, SE Asia, 
faddte East, Africa, Soofti America in 
aN oepech of surveying, crab paehioe, 


AReBoGIV7a,SF«9j000. _ 

Volvo 245 Srnhoa 79. SERI MOO. \ 

tifcer leoding makes ovaW*. 



, singla with bath AS 85th-double-13TO. 

in**nahreokf«t buffet Tefc 22^S 
:X 51.Tefal 076903 Auririd. 


MRU - 9fc—Mhabe« ra *»*NN,-l0 

Asa. E Zola, 1-23 room FfaR nsA 
facfati.fridge.5777200. .7*.; 



mg m the Be n riux 
send vaur resume & 
considered domra * 
tembe r to Bax 15150 
92521 NeuRy cedes. 

domra iw tar v i ewe m Sep- 
ax 15)50. Herdd Trfame. I 
ly cedes, flame* 

Bern 8109S. HT. Prof. Tulpstraot 17, 
1018 GZ Amslerdom, HoBand 
from tap Amerfam snivenily seeks po¬ 
sition m related field for 3 to 6 mortht, 
preferably in to*. 7tS 46 59. 

DUTCH LADY, nurm. meb iob, wSfag 
ta trovri. Box 15153. HeraGiribene. 
92S27 touByGedac. ftoKta 
PARS YOUNG LADY, Ht/awrionl, 
Freefax*. Free to travel S53 74 27. 



wHb5w«e taeeoe pfaek. 

bt rise heart of mrium large pak. pmk- 

vnanogB^ la-npas aorr 
■hsdfet, lunch at dfaier (diofa of mead: 
Pnce for 7doyi/peraon odivitoeduded 
Doobfe room, bfjfii or *bawar.¥A2 , 




SKTME GRAND. Esttoe of 33XJOC 
tqjn. of o&re trees on a port sur¬ 
rounded by the sea presetted prvaov 
and mews on o> sxfcs. Toj 



Fradcfat. 0611-781006. Munich. 089- 
142244. Duaeidarf. 02102-45023/24. 



Carftscfc Mr. Meflcxn. 
Tefc 343 23 64. 


2 Ltts each more them 1 acre surveyed. 
15 minutes to dew nfa wt Ottawa near 
golf, shena y ac htin g. Gatereau Park 
UiJUCOO eaaT G. Johraton. 

579 Broadview, Ottawa. K2A 2L6. 
Tefc *61^722-4595. 


Tel! 288 73 97.647 70 1T Hx 6306659 
{Near OPERA]. Air & Sea to aD carm¬ 
ines. Economy rates. Abo baggage. 




large Store house of uafa cav 
s t ru efton and osnbufcStig. prerate 
roach - doct crceB ent sweenxng. ff rm- 
cipJes only. Rejdy with your fafaheud. 
Herald Trfan e, ha . A. Fmdaar 2s. 
Athens. Tel 3618397,9 am.-? p--n. 

9JOO 200 yards from beautrd 
bnoch, salable hr hotel V ben- 
pedows. <J*o 4000 iqjn. pfa. fotxfcxs 
vrew, 600 yards from mam port Cc£ 
Mytonos- 0289 22242 / &655 or 
write- Mrs- Spencer. Herttd Tribune. 
Ext. S. ffndaou 26. Afara. 

POR SAU M ATHENS’ mod corwrwr- 
ad dstrict, br efa n g 340 saw., faccxta 
13a60. Cafl. 649 77 04 m Bnasea, be¬ 
tween 7 JO pm. and 9 JO pm. Br yn e h 


' CudoriSBe Icrae-iijed oacitmenls. m 
1 Monireux a OxHeau d Oe» [rear 
; Gfadt Stwi« to three bechooms. warn 
; SFR 130,000 Ces optobenehra l u r p e 
of eervkre as regards irrcmrona 
serMong. basing and marogemen! of 
. jtour hoUxsy apartment Financing by 
1 reading Swiss bare up to 7C\ at T% 
mserest per annum No rottriefioa (or 
; purchnes by h rei piert We ssand fa 
I auoirty, stems, seainty and refraWtfv. 

Wrie to SKI SA, 100 rae du Rhone, 
j CH-7294 Geneva. Swiftertond. Tel 
- C22.-21 O0 44. Tlx; 421 121 SCEF a to 
1 UTO-RMG AG. B eethevenstr. 24. CH 
9022 Zurich. 5«ntaer!ant 
Tel 01 1 202 43 10. Tlx: 54475. 

Renthouse International 
020-448751 (4 lines) 

N.Y. Co-Op Apartment 
»mh 3 expwnes, awdh September 

Angler dom. Bole w e m 43 


Deluxe renioh Vafarussi r. 174 
Amsteidan 020-771234 a 723222. 

fa 1-3 years. Apartment compr i s es 3 
bedoe ms . 3 baths, fage modem kitchen 
& spectocUarty spacious Svmq/cftivng 
looms. Private st reet er*ai cm & etevo - 
tor 41 rooms except fachen foceig 
East, nver vwwi through superb picture 
ovdows. Fvuxshed or u ntumehed. 

S5D00/monthnel + utdriev 
Tel -London 01 229 9765 or 
Tlx. London 22861 METMAX G fa 
'Hflrori to arrange N.Y. wrwtng. 

M—CAW DRIOMAT 35. excelent 

French, good German, seeks Pan* em¬ 
ployment m editing or arts manage¬ 
ment fields. Ycde graduate, yean ex¬ 
perience in writing, copy editing, pub- 
•oty and psMc leiatiera. 32 rue Or- 
leSus. 1040 BruxeOes. Tele phone; 02 
230 0336 cr 02 513 36X e s tansfa t 

MUntMGUAl LADY, 35, Adnvres- 
fraeve e x peri e nc e , references u» Elt- 
rope & Mfale Scat, waidd set up your 
office in Pont or ebrood. Write; Bar 
101, Herrfd Triune. 92521 NeuRy 
cede*. France. Or fW 806 80 74. 


' Oriegorie-l: FF1650- - '> 

Cote»irieL2:PFia50L " 
Luxury room w«) 7Yiffp2iaL 
Bant'afag e single rxrapri oc y Hi 400.. 


As of mxhfay and fa fane mattfs, 
a young Frenc h lady to be Campanian 
to an 8 -year aM boy to took after he 
edacaboa and welfare during his vans- 
tan m Eiirape & fadcS* East • 


'Adrfbr aerpramdtttitJ • 
Tek727L 236 9LT3 m7KI74< 

Person should have a goad knowledge 
of teaching and be ready u towel rath 
fern. Scriary wA be agreed resort at itoer- 
wew.AI other expeneMw« be pad. 

Largest inventory in Eurafte. 

Cu r apean, Japcnme and Anmnam cots. 
AB brwxf noei. Same day defaery and 
f iwrsd toaiiratton. 

P-CT. Export Mwnatiaori 
604, BredabooB . 2060 Meriaeas. 
AntwerpSefaum. Tel: 031/465D.1S or 
46^31 or 4A7Q.91_Tbc 35546. 

with both DM Double OHM.®- 
. rifa&ng braakhat. buffet. Tit X - 
88KW,Tel(s»018418t i. ;. i. . j 




Please write with C. V. tm ffXX Ban 659. 
Jeddah. Sae<5 Aratxo. Alfa Mr. NobL 

fa rvrff houses ond ugoil ments 
AMSTBMJAM. Tel: 030 ■ 768022 


me du Hdkfar 
llione 770 31 ( 

ri warned. S3B9. 3 
blocks from Opercg- 







. TO LET OUKM. aty center. S«M<n. 
I her. 4- b e d room Georgian house. 
; C350 (*is chorees. Contoa Mr. Buck- 
ley. SAshbrook House, SoBymouni 
) Avenue. Dubbn 6. krelarei 

LONDON. L FfKMIY. Spaaous. fa- needed for American MJA p r og ra w in 
fy modenued house on quiet cutde- London. Bonfana. Rnoncs, Econeaeo, 
sac large iotchen wrth doors to gar. industrial fWoriora, Statorics. 

den. dishwasher, eqwpoed lauifay Send CV. to Bon 39710, 

sac large Merten wen door* to gor- 
den. dishwasher, e^xpped fainary 
ro om, 4/6 beds . 3 bariss. £95,000 or 
exchanre Pare oparteet Tefc Lon* 
don 44X0628. 

Industrial xbiofiore, Sto fti rics. 
Send C.V. to Bon 39710. 
IHT. 103 Kmgsway. 
London WO. 

posnon N» ftirlL UOflTi D9K Os 

experience. Speaks Frendt 8 . German. 

Engksh matha teniM. Write Sax | 
15154. Herald Tribune, 92S21 NeuBy 

CANNES: 2-beCkoora apartaent 
on die Cra betta. 54 *qjn. + 650 nun. 
fa terrace, (faeb (krect view of sea 
FT 750^X50. 

Your Detective 

Whatever your problem may ba 
Inquire at "Centra OHw', W A»c 
victor Hugo. 751! 6 Pons, Tet 501 8012 

or 500/7 00. Free axautehon 

MOUGINS: New ffr ore nc ri vAa. 
2500 sqjn. flat gaefan, ofrve trees, toe 
mew, quet yet eon> ooeen. 4 fad- 
rooms. Yborin, FF i060,C00. 


TUSCANY. Antique rustic store houses 
in hAs 15 reoufm to sea. fiovrer and 

veastobia vxrdere. Araric restarsear, 

modern axrforts. 3 septate proper¬ 
ties, armde owners. Furnished rf want¬ 
ed 3 bedroom - 2 both. 3 bedroom -1 
both. 5 be dro o m ■ 3 both, ffnees 
USS 150.000 / 16000 » 2250X3 
Phone: Conaare 058466671 

, IMDOWGDIAtONBS wants to shore 
tide or renrthotf of her 40 rooms m 
i most KAUTfFUL CASTLE. Austnars^o- 
rrorror. order, nee* Sdzburg. ond a 
1 look-rig hi return fa o winter resort m 
Ffaida or Arizona. Good fa dub a 

International Business Message Center 

Cedex. France. 

mrcotei itacnog uuaii cb a icoano 

Tefc (931 39 39 00 
r Me)—c ■■■» 0| *1 


Mutual or Contested action*, law COR. 
Haiti or D anire c e n Reputfic For infa. 

me fo o send 5375 fa 26-pog* 

taddR/ he d fa fa Dr. F. Gonzales, I pendsouse, 
ODA. 18B K St. N.W, VJfafatotan m sqjn, ’ 
D C 20006, USA. TdL 203-4S2833I or j roonv stud 
703-8200674. Worldwide service. 



Handcrafted bi 
antique. Ask 

| For 



CAW®: Dm meet faernot* 
pent house. a3 an are level: upurhnenl 
220 scytL, very large Erring roarn. drew 
room, study, 3 bedraorm, 3 bam, W 
tqxa. terrace with beautmx gaaen. Pr> 
veta mimnxm pool pool house, barbe- 
eofc F an Otok mew, over the whole Boy 
erf Ganra. 


MANOR xi preshgipw* Gaff de St- 
Ooud. IS men. Perns. 250 scut. 2 re- 
cephara, 4-S b e dr ooms. bc4hs. 1000 
tqjn. garden. oU trees, ga u ge. 
$800,000. fiduj fa re Inta r n ctanoie. 65 
Otanipt Byseal. 75008 Paris. 

AieCJi c on raony or |«l fci«unaus 

e rvofe home. Come end tee ties fata- 
a pbee fin! a *»ue with p»«to to 
IHT. Box 1564, Gr. bchrxhevnersn. 
43. D-Frankfurt 

ATTESTlOy BUSINESSMEN- Publitkyeor Beebteu Mm, age m dm bdematitmol Herald Ttdmme; 
Purr a tptantr efm mtUimt readers tw r fthw l r. meet of serines are m humem mad i ndaitrr. mdtnod 
.Vaur m imrty e. Just telex u Peru 6(3595. before IthCO u. entering dtrnM tee ton teletype book and 
your meesage trill appear within 48 hours. Yen edS be billed sU (L&J&JOer beat eqtshalma per 
turn. Yen mint indedr tot eplele end terifiaUe billing addtwse. 


-HOIB. IATRMCE erdes Ariitfet. Ffa-. 
fared far fa gteye ctnxwfhere. 

m»i» comfoA .but . modriate prices. 
Near Tima** La Ferece. 5 van* mA* - ' 
ieg dfaonre from 5k. Memo Sqocxx- v 
ReMrvdMiv. Teh 4) 32333 Yerinlh^ 
41(15 0 FMoa. Mmoger Bert* Apofc \\ 

tonfa- _ * c 





Cruism m E tefl onq* 

NOVATE: beailiM modern vSo with 
(fating room, tfaovring ream, 6 bed 

; NASSAU/BAHAMAS, ffandw Wood. 

G e r man couple fas weeks, tnorahty. 
' ifar tiMmaudy fwmshea 2-bedOOft, 
S 2 bath vAa, ban. equipped ki tchen. 
; TV. in lovely trojxatl si mw idng*. 
' swBisixng pool, tennis court, d&Jy 

! * tnadaervice. p r i vate car, 74 h our se¬ 
curity. near booth. Bombing camp 
aid famous 18-hole golf course Tel 
Germary fa 5271/5678. 







F 1.900000. Tefc 050 82 41. 


DCAUVR1E Be tff Ne fci ng »mw ocean, 

antjaua. A* fa 

CANNES: Beoutifaf vJla in am- 

*»yfa ? fage oportmenta fireofaoe, 
w unsn fl pool, tea im FT 3 J 00 . BW . 

AUCANIC. 3-room sea front Pci, t a- 
ratat 590000/J353J9J5.4X Cta 
| teaudelfflifav F-24800TNwer* 

bua moot wSa, pnyd* oak. 9 raone. 

spend. Telephore Pant 

Al POSITION far Boyd Wsddmg 
route. Exoefant l« floor meweig with 

route. Exceflent l« floor vw w vng wdh 


(•fa vGa, 4 bed*. 3 both* + bungofaw. 
17 W^ jjo rden. panoramic sea mew. 

3535647 office hours. 

iMTY far ofc*tt»4*jrfj; 

student a rtttwtfaf 

,ke aver, advance 

rif^ affaportartCp^- 

*y leieorch a* 

75016 Pbris- 

NEAR GRASSE: owboede. 

I wry am l ay 6*^8 raora, fi reyfa e^i 
LMOOmi, study. S w i ne nx tg pool, 300 
W'._ i c nm_i^t 

BsSetiiraes. 15flOQ sqjn. fad. BeoUiW 
vtow. hT 3^00,000. 

MAUBIA Sf AM Excepeond Lnun- 
OH vRo m most exfas ond ekte 
vac, only nanutas from the Mr xfadta 
CNb aid Atoto Bcrxo, would serioue- 
fy coraider new owner. CoS or wrisa 
knttm Enrique Cotoc Avda Ra¬ 
mon Y Cqjd. r*. I. b» floor fffa. C 
AtabeBaTi Mcxfaefa 776350, Tdn 
77452 Apxe E an StraF 1^"?^ 
d, 61 Me Lane, lender:iWATjUBI] 
4931401, Triew 893433 STURGSG. 

I lBWNTi near Gannas, beautrful vfilo 
! fa 7 person. o9 cotriorH. pooi. flow¬ 
er garden. Avcfabb July - AuguO. 
i Tefc (96174 91 54. 


CANINES: Seaside. Very fa 
oparmfcsnt. 240 sqja. to be restored 
with lo® sqju. private land, die best 
| kxolfa of Game*. Red «tortunty. 

WTItAL LONDON. AvoA^le now. 
j Qwrreng vrefi Funeshed 2-bedraom 
j upurtnwtf. Sl e eps 5. £ ISO 'week mdu- 
! mre. Tefc London 289 3797. 

| COMFORMMI Iffi & Breakfast. 

Golden Green. 1 min. Underground. 
■ 15 nwa. Gty. London 4535396. 

$ 6000 *| 8000 par raenffs 

A portrait from a live sufaied 0« From a 
photo m less than 60 tee. THs can be 
msJcrrtty tr o nderred an to a T-dwt or 
most any Imdfa item. Fyl or part-tune 
ALL CASH BU5IN65S. FfafabtiTNe ex¬ 
perience neceaary. Ewteflent fa dtop- 
ping censers , resorts, shows, hfltob. ngj 
1 ofw i ctviuvoby fairs or ony !r<rffic 
i iocttron. Ta«d price DM 39590 which 
{ indudmM color oatarL 

IBEX: 413713 tOEMA. 
Office hours 10 a.mr6 pjn. 

CRUETS ■«. TORO* Medwcd M a | 
new ffvotole Far i n medai e Europem 

U5. Manufacturer in tefa h ora indto- 
try. Sefl fu4 fcne of products tndudmf 
one piece and araess medeb, ndk- 
featore phanm, am mn efl lysfaes A 
aatuons. Mony ccMitna opa 
Send maims to Webcor BecJranta, 
28 South Tsmbid Drive, Pfaww v r . 
NT 11603 U5X, Affix 5. Npper. 
Telex 3*967 895. 

ide. Sde owner is aeologid and eepa- 
nanced o> operafa- woJd Ike to 
buy bodi m. Reason fa t i infl fag 
term eopid gan tax whoreeg*. Con- 
tod or write James G, Heath toe, 
4100 frfabde. Fart Worth, Texas. 
Phone 817*246102. 

and run your own buna in Canada 
from ycxx factio n . Delafe: STAR, Bar 
111969.8900 Aupburg, Germaiy. 

Tele c ontiwmi PH t oat . comp ut er ized 
ward processing & Whited lypitw. 
Tefc 21 m72-0»3 ULA. 


nerte, UmK (rancafax^aa. S'oc- 
ouper de redue ttm n g ex c on 9 am. 
parent* wwwr obewcs. aoame A Ip., 

a bungalow Hofcnde. upooncM 
Gtm. Holaede 31-210.18068. 

AU ff AM - ResporeiJe Engbh spetddno 
art to help waft 1W yev old baby. 
Wesleni Ameneai SU resort Free du- 



ofoa«j4j-iiuy: '< 
OCUBRfa 0*1 td Alh ent (Hro e a) 

Your bed buy. 

Fine (framonde in any priox range 
at towed whatento prices 

tog. Apply with photo la Bon. 1057. 

at towetf whatefae prices 
dired Front Antwer p 
center of the rfrpmond world. 
Fy6 g ua ran tee 
Far free price fat write 



F or cidvfa i ii lBB tn fenngliwy 
, caatactitw TlU&’S 

; _ m jwWBRftff -; 

YelJiTV .12.65.1 

F p cbWwdlWS 

Fe 5fc oonpraat62. BjOOOAnfwp 
Bejgtam • Tefc O 31/34X731 
Ttx; 71779sy(b. At the Diamondduk 
Heart of (he Anlwsrp Diamond industry. 

3A HOURS- Contested / 
riSTT* Wtoarw. 

tun ABROAD; trade 

kxnliecr of Garmes. Red ^portunty. 


W'aelrienpe Marca Mo 
Btol s red des Ewrafft 
Ofr31Q M—d e ffe u 
Tab (93)4935 06 

I IBEX: 461023 F 

drtvery. Pnncboh only, Ctatatfi 
fert bifaCHotal Nurnbera 
Cfr6W0 Frankfurt/M., G ermany. 
Tel; (0)611-236742. 



Direct {rare eeu Ceding factory 

dromonds are a y gr an tekd.. 
Open Mare thru Sot. toctoded. 


■nimliT 150? Centre fa Royer. 
15rii foxy. 02/718 28 IQ. 

fage portfolios ot Homes, Condo*. 

\ When in Rome-. 

Utnry apartme n t house with fumhhed 

LONDON OfVKL Infanotiond Ser¬ 
vice. Al facB fa P.OJ^ jl Craven Sf, 
London Y9C2. Dll 839 7481. 

Income. Conunerefa Rapeftas. Land, ffa. awfaWe fa 1 week and mere 

French, Gernw uokere 
Mrs. Fbufan, Reahy Bwoums. 4457 
Gjinirio 5L, San Dwgo, Ca 92107. 

Phone: 6794325.6793450. 
Write Via (WVelabre Ip. 
00186 fare. 

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frYOrmaoi Box Vf -ribur- 

Austnp CcbftM 

London! 839 7481. 



WE HAVE a number of MoAea* Help¬ 
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year tttntr a cts WORUtWlDE. VMe 
or telephone re rows fanbow Bureau, 
Mfa Gre e ml ede. 6di floor, Gedyi 
House, Dtoguma RoadL tod Croydon. 
Storey. CWJK. EnoW Tefc«68D 
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RELIABLE fRMOMAH 36, reels job 
a Bveto buffer/veriet. Aog. only or 
permanently. Can wok, rente a tatffe 
liglHitdtes e iwfc-15 years anpen- 
•nee vreffting to famRwmened hctol in 

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to tra vel. Box Wf Herald Tribune,. 
92921 NwAyGedeo', France. 

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pafah of household m onoaetneot, 
speaks 3 l ong w o re Box I5TS7 Her- 
5d TnbuneT9ffil NeuBy Gedre. 

MM5H AU MAS A Wotherx Hdps 
available far oierieue. Aire An Ran 
wonted fa London Jpytw e^eray.* 
Tefc faxfat 340 629a * 


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2UDOL 3 exeatove offices + conwr* 
ence room ceraraly beared to prestige 
ar eomfrdoned office budding o*y 

looking lalre secretorid sonieo/tSr 
ovala&e. Phone (01) 2S2 48 08. r* 


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